Lifting the Lid

Cooking Pots and Ritual Consumption Practices at Monte Iato (Western Sicily, Sixth–Mid-Fifth Century BC)

Authors

  • Birgit Öhlinger University of Innsbruck
  • Stephen Ludwig University of Innsbruck
  • Gerhard Forstenpointner University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna
  • Ursula Thanheiser University of Vienna

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1558/jma.21979

Keywords:

cooking pots, foodways, Iron Age Sicily, local identities, Monte Iato, ritual consumption

Abstract

In this paper we investigate local foodways and ritual consumption in Iron Age Sicily through a study of cooking pots, integrating contextual, archaeozoological, archaeobotanical and chemical data. We focus on material from the central cult site of the settlement of Monte Iato, located in the hinterland of western Sicily, in order to explore the interaction between food, people, bio-/artefacts and environments as a process of formulating and reformulating social relationships and local power dynamics within specific social spaces and settings. We reveal different foodways and consumption practices within the same cult site, characterized on the one hand by long-standing traditions, with more or less constant and unchanging dishes, and on the other by the integration of external stimuli. We discuss the emergence of foreign- (Greek/Phoenician-) style cooking pots and ingredients as markers of an haute cuisine, developed with the aim of social differentiation.

Author Biographies

Birgit Öhlinger, University of Innsbruck

Birgit Öhlinger holds a position as senior scientist at the University of Innsbruck. She conducts research on Iron Age contexts in Sicily, social transformation processes within cultural contact zones and ceramic production. She is co-director of the Innsbruck Monte Iato excavations.

Stephen Ludwig, University of Innsbruck

Stephan Ludwig is a doctoral candidate in archaeology at the University of Innsbruck. He specializes in consumption and material culture studies in Mediterranean archaeology and has directed a project concerning organic residues within vessels from Monte Iato.

Gerhard Forstenpointner, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna

Gerhard Forstenpointner is Associate Professor at the University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna. His research focuses on the archaeozoology of the Mediterranean and the history of veterinary medicine. He is a principal collaborator in the Innsbruck Monte Iato project.

Ursula Thanheiser, University of Vienna

Ursula Thanheiser is Associate Professor of Archaeobotany at the University of Vienna, and an archaeobotanist at the Vienna Institute for Archaeological Science. Her research focuses on the Mediterranean. She is a principal collaborator in the Innsbruck Monte Iato project.

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Published

2022-01-20

How to Cite

Öhlinger, B., Ludwig, S., Forstenpointner, G., & Thanheiser, U. (2022). Lifting the Lid: Cooking Pots and Ritual Consumption Practices at Monte Iato (Western Sicily, Sixth–Mid-Fifth Century BC). Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology, 34(2), 165–192. https://doi.org/10.1558/jma.21979

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