Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology <p><em>Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology</em> is the only journal currently published that deals with the entire multicultural world of Mediterranean archaeology. The journal publishes material that deals with, amongst others, the social, politicoeconomic and ideological aspects of local or regional production and development, and of social interaction and change in the Mediterranean. <a href="">Read more.</a></p> Equinox Publishing Ltd. en-US Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology 0952-7648 <p>© Equinox Publishing Ltd.</p> <p>For information regarding our Open Access policy, <a title="Open access policy." href="Full%20details of our conditions related to copyright can be found by clicking here.">click here</a>.</p> Biriai <p>The materiality of forced migration and resettlement have understandably moved to the forefront of archaeological research recently, although data from prehistoric refugia remain limited. One potentially informative example is the west Mediterranean island of Sardinia, where remains of the later third millennium BC document discontinuities associated with the appearance of Bell Beaker elements in local cultural modalities. Employing an augmented version of Aaron Burke’s ethnographically based approach, this study examines the Sardinian record, first toward identifying the contexts and factors that may have induced forced migration, such as agonistic relations with Beaker-bearing entities, then toward identifying likely refugia. Diagnostic correlates are derived in terms of the material consequences of adaptations to anthropologically documented risks encountered by refugees (e.g. landlessness, homelessness, marginalization). On these criteria, the eastern Sardinian settlement of Sa Sedda de Biriai in Oliena is identified and investigated as a possible refuge settlement of the Monte Claro culture. Evidence is marshalled with the aim of discovering temporal, spatial and material patterns consistent with Burke’s model in an augmented form, emphasizing non-local source venues, homelands or pre-flight affiliations, pre-flight or transitional objects, post-flight/refuge integrative expressions, security-adapted house architecture, residential enclaves or districts and removals of iconic pre-flight cult spaces. The social identity of the bearers of Beaker material culture on Sardinia is discussed briefly.</p> Gary Webster Copyright (c) 2021 Equinox Publishing Ltd. 2021-07-22 2021-07-22 34 1 3 27 10.1558/jma.43200 Blowin’ in the Wind <p>This study provides a critical and interdisciplinary review of the archaeological record of the Aeolian Islands (Italy), from their earliest settlement in the mid-sixth millennium BC (Middle Neolithic) to the establishment of trans-Mediterranean networks at the end of the second millennium BC (Final Bronze Age). We combine archaeological, archaeometric, bioarchaeological and environmental data to explore the interplay between different prehistoric practices and their spatial settings, revisiting old evidence and presenting new data. The resulting picture reveals different levels of interaction and the critical role of these small island communities in establishing and/or facilitating networks at the local and (inter)regional scale. Ceramic networks allow us to trace connections between the islands and their neighbours, underscoring the centrality of the island of Lipari, which is further supported by the spatial analysis of the settlement data, in particular concerning the growing web of intervisibility between contemporary settlements on the Aeolian Islands, Sicily and Calabria. We also highlight significant environmental factors, such as arid phases and volcanic events, and assess their impact in light of the islanders’ responses, underscoring their long-term adaptability to the challenges of insularity. The study is supported by a new and up-to-date database of 50 prehistoric sites, incorporating unpublished results of ongoing archaeological investigations by the authors.</p> Maria Clara Martinelli Helen Dawson Pietro Lo Cascio Sara Tiziana Levi Girolamo Fiorentino Copyright (c) 2021 Equinox Publishing Ltd. 2021-07-22 2021-07-22 34 1 28 57 10.1558/jma.43201 Contextualizing an Iron Age IIA Hoard of Astragali from Tel Abel Beth Maacah, Israel <p>Astragali, the knuckle or ankle bones of mammals, have been collected, used and modified by humans in different parts of the world for millennia. Large hoards dating from Iron Age IIA (tenth–ninth centuries BC) are attested at a number of sites in the southern Levant, and a recently discovered hoard of 406 astragali at Tel Abel Beth Maacah in northern Israel presents an opportunity to investigate this phenomenon, shedding light on the function of these bones and why they bore special status and meaning that crossed cultural and temporal boundaries. In this study, the zooarchaeological analysis of the astragali provides the basis for an extensive discussion of the hoard’s formation process and function that explores ethnographic literature, archaeological data and ancient Near Eastern and classical documentary sources. The findings of this study demonstrate that while the individual bones had many different functions, once deposited together the astragali took on a new meaning, possibly related to divinatory practices.</p> Matthew Susnow Nimrod Marom Ariel Shatil Nava Panitz-Cohen Robert Mullins Naama Yahalom-Mack Copyright (c) 2021 Equinox Publishing Ltd. 2021-07-22 2021-07-22 34 1 59 83 10.1558/jma.43202 Perils, Potential and Perspectives of Bioarchaeological Analyses in the Study of Mediterranean Mobility <p>The resolution of bioarchaeological analyses has improved dramatically in recent years, and bioarchaeology is increasingly employed in areas of the world where preservation issues and disciplinary traditions had previously hindered its application. One such area is the Mediterranean region. Bioarchaeological analyses arguably are the most direct indicator of human behavior in the past, and as a result the full integration of bioarchaeology and archaeology into Mediterranean research shows much promise. However, several methodological, theoretical and practical challenges have emerged: (1) discrepancies between cultural and biological variability; (2) discrepancies in the dating of skeletal samples and of migration events in the two subdisciplines; (3) diverging interpretations of (collective) identities; and (4) the fostering of effective cross-disciplinary communication and collaboration. While the first two points are especially salient for Mediterranean research, the third and fourth are relevant for the archaeological discipline more generally. In this paper, we discuss each challenge in turn, focusing on the first millennium bc Greek diaspora in the Mediterranean. We believe that both disciplines would benefit from open discussion of these issues, which we hope might spur more collaborative efforts towards their resolution.</p> Giulia Saltini Semerari Britney Kyle Laurie Reitsema Copyright (c) 2021 Equinox Publishing Ltd. 2021-07-22 2021-07-22 34 1 84 108 10.1558/jma.43203 Reviewing Christopher Witmore’s Old Lands: A Chorography of the Eastern Peloponnese (London: Routledge, 2020) <p>a) A Journey to A Chorography: Christopher Witmore</p> <p>b) Old Ways in Old Lands: William Caraher</p> <p>c) Manifesting the Infraordinary: Alfredo González-Ruibal</p> <p>d) This Old Land: Johanna Hanink</p> <p>e)&nbsp;Re-Grounding Chorographically: Christopher Witmore</p> Christopher Witmore William Caraher Alfredo González-Ruibal Johanna Hanink Copyright (c) 2021 Equinox Publishing Ltd. 2021-07-22 2021-07-22 34 1 109 131 10.1558/jma.43204