The social media strategies of punk and metal bands on Instagram during the COVID-19 closures of live music venues in Melbourne


  • Al Marsden RMIT University



Melbourne, Australian music, Live music, COVID-19, Social media, Instagram


The COVID-19 pandemic caused the closures of live music venues in Melbourne, Australia between March and November 2020. During this period, punk band Clowns and metal band Ocean Grove used the social media platform Instagram to engage their audiences and maintain their standing within their scene despite not being able to engage in regular activities such as live performance. This article analyses the strategies used by the bands, including fan engagement and dialogue, nostalgia for pre-pandemic times, and promotion and fundraising. When used in combination, these categories enabled the bands to solicit conversation from their fans, foster unity by reminiscing about previous successes, and promote merchandise and support organizations which mitigated the loss of income across the industry.

Author Biography

Al Marsden, RMIT University

Al Marsden is a PhD candidate and tutor in the School of Media and Communication at RMIT University. His research interests are metal music and humour.


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How to Cite

Marsden, A. . (2021). The social media strategies of punk and metal bands on Instagram during the COVID-19 closures of live music venues in Melbourne. Perfect Beat, 21(2), 165–172.