Bulgarian Consonant Acquisition in Preschoolers with Typical versus Protracted Phonological Development
Keywords:Bulgarian, language development, phonological development, phonological features, phonological disorder, segmental constraints, Slavic languages, speech sound disorder
Previous research on Bulgarian consonant acquisition reports earlier acquisition of stops, nasals and glides than fricatives, affricates and liquids. The current study expands the investigation of Bulgarian consonant acquisition. The primary objective was to identify characteristics of protracted versus typical phonological development (PPD versus TD) relative to consonant match (accuracy) levels and mismatch patterns. A native speaker audio-recorded and transcribed single-word productions (110-word list) of sixty 3- to 5-year-olds (30 TD, 30 PPD). Another two transcribers confirmed transcriptions using acoustic analysis for disambiguation. Data generally confirmed previous findings regarding the order of consonant acquisition. Factors characteristic of PPD in comparison with TD were: lower match levels, especially at age 3 for onsets in unstressed syllables: later mastery of laterals; and a greater proportion and range of mismatch patterns, including deletion and more than one feature mismatch per segment (e.g., Manner & Place). The paper concludes with clinical and research implications.
Aleksandrov, B. (1964). Някои особености и закономерности при овладяване на звуковете на родния език от децата на 3-7 години. Народна просвета [Some features and regularities in mastering the sounds of the native language of children 3-7 years]. Narodna Prosveta, 11, 41-52.
Ayyad, H., Bernhardt, B.M. & Stemberger, J.P. (2016). Kuwaiti Arabic. Acquisition of singleton consonants. International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, 51(5), 531–545.
Bernhardt, B.M., Másdóttir, T., Stemberger, J.P., Leonhardt, L., & Hansson, G.O. (2015). Fricative development in Icelandic and English-speaking children with protracted phonological development. Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, 29(8-10), 642-665.
Bernhardt, B.M., Romonath, R. & Stemberger, J.P. (2014). A comparison of fricative acquisition in German and Canadian English-speaking children with protracted phonological development. In M. Yavaʂ (ed.), Unusual productions in phonology: Universals and language-specific considerations (pp. 102-127). New York: Psychology Press.
Bernhardt, B.M. & Stemberger, J.P. (1998). Handbook of phonological development: From the perspective of constraint-based nonlinear phonology. San Diego, CA: Academic Press (now published in Bingley, UK: Emerald Group Publishing Ltd.)
Blajev, B. & Popova, V. (1995). Чудесата на детската реч. [Wonders of child speech]. Sofia, Bulgaria: Tilia.
Brosseau-Lapré, F., Rvachew, S. MacLeod, A.A.N., Findlay, K., Bérubé, D. & Bernhardt, B.M. (2018). Une vue d'ensemble: Les données probantes sur le développment phonologiques des enfants francophones canadiens. [An overview of data on the phonological development of French-speaking Canadian children]. CJSLPA, 42 (1), 1-19.
Fikkert, P. (1994). On the acquisition of prosodic structure. Doctoral dissertation, Leiden University/HIL. The Hague: Holland Academic Graphics.
Georgieva, A. (2004). Articulation Test – Part I and Part II, In: A Guide for Diagnostic Assessment of the child - Part II, V. Slovena-JG, Sofia, Bulgaria.
IBM Corp. (2016). IBM SPSS Statistics for Macintosh, Version 24.0. Armonk, NY: IBM Corp.
Ignatova, D., Bernhardt, B.M., Marinova-Todd, S., & Stemberger, J.P. (2011). Bulgarian phonology test. phonodevelopment.sites.olt.ubc.ca.
Ignatova, D., Bernhardt, B.M., Marinova-Todd, S. & Stemberger, J.P. (2018). Word-initial trill clusters in children with typical versus protracted phonological development: Bulgarian. Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, 3(5-6), 506-522.
Jakopin, P. (1999). Zgornja meja entropije pri leposlovnih besedilih v slovenskem jeziku [The upper boundary of entropy in literary texts in the Slovenian language]. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of Ljubljana. Retrieved March 28, 2019, from http://www.ff.uni-lj.si/hp/pj/disertacija/naloga.html#1
Kenney, K.W. & Prather, E.M. (1986). Articulation in preschool children: Consistency of productions. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 29, 29-36.
Klassen, J., Bernhardt, B.M. & Stemberger, J.P. (2018). Protracted phonological development in Granada Spanish: A case-based analysis concerning the impact of word structure constraints for long-term normalization. Poster presented at ICPLA, Malta, October, 2018.
Mason, G. (2018, early on-line). School-aged children's phonological accuracy in multisyllabic words on a Whole-Word Metric, Journal of Speech-Language-Hearing Research, 61(12), 2869–2883.
Misheva, A. (1991). Intonational system of the Bulgarian language. Sofia, Bulgarian Academy of Science.
Patseva, M. (2017). Bulgarian word stress analysis in the frame of prosody morphology interface, retrieved January 10, 2019, from http://roa.rutgers.edu/content/article/files/1612_mirena_patseva_1.pdf.
Raymond, G., Carballo, G. & Bernhardt, B.M. (2018). La adquisición típica de consonantes solas por posición en palabra y acentuación de sílaba en niños preescolares de Granada [Typical acquisition of singleton consonants by word position and syllable stress in preschool children in Granada]. Poster presented at the V Congreso Internacional de Lingüística Clínica, Cádiz, November 7-9, 2018.
PRAAT. Boersma, P. & Weenink, D. http://www.fon.hum.uva.nl/praat/
Ramalho, A.M. & Freitas, M.J. (2018). Word-initial rhotic clusters in typically developing children: European Portuguese. Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, 32(5-6), 459- 480, DOI: 10.1080/02699206.2017.1359857
Rose, Y. & MacWhinney, B. (2014). The PhonBank Initiative. In J. Durand, U. Gut, & G. Kristoffersen (eds.)., The Oxford Handbook of Corpus Phonology (pp. 380-401). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Seibert, A. (2010). Bulgarian phonetics. Retrieved January 10, 2019 from https://andrsei.wordpress.com/2010/10/15/bulgarian-phonetics
Shriberg, L.D., Kwiatkowski, J., Best, S., Hengst, J. & Terselic-Weber, B. (1986). Characteristics of children with phonologic disorders of unknown origin. Journal of
Speech and Hearing Disorders, 51, 140-161.
Smit, A.B. (2007). General American English speech acquisition. In S. McLeod (ed.), International guide to speech acquisition (pp. 128-145). Clifton Park, NY: Thomson Delmar Learning.
Smit, A.B., Hand, L., Freilinger, J.J., Bernthal, J. & Bird, A. (1990). The Iowa Articulation Norms Project and its Nebraska replication. Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research, 34, 779-798.
Stoyanova, J. (2011). Ранно езиково развитие., От първите звукови последователности до многословни изказвания. [Early language development: From the first sound sequences to long utterances]. Sofia: Romel.
Stoyanova, J. (2014). Овладяване на първи език: Ранните стадии. В: Списание на СУ за образователни изследвания. [First Language Mastery]. In: Sofia University Journal of Educational Research. (pp. 3–29). Sofia, Bulgaria: University Press.
Tilkov, D. & Boyadzhiev, T. (1990). Българска фонетика. [Bulgarian phonetics]. Sofia, Bulgaria: Science and Art.
Tsoneva, D. (2009). Нормативна и практическа фонетика и фонология на съвременния български език. [Normative and practical phonetics and phonology of modern Bulgarian]. Rouse, Bulgaria: Rouse University Publications "Angel Kanchev".
How to Cite
© Equinox Publishing Ltd.
For information regarding our Open Access policy, click here.