Journal of Monolingual and Bilingual Speech <p>This journal studies human speech in all its manifestations. The average person in today's world speaks at least one native language in its standard and/or dialectal forms and speaks at various levels of proficiency at least one more languge that is acquired simultaneously or consecutively in instructional or immersion settings. The term speech is used here to mean oral rather than written language and is an umbrella term to refer both to the physical aspects of the ability to speak/communicate as well as the cognitive aspects involved in the human linguistic faculty. Gestural (sign) language, i,e, the language of manual communication is known to display, by and large, the same fundamental properties as spoken language, and as such is a type of speech. <a href="">More about the journal.</a></p> en-US <p>© Equinox Publishing Ltd.</p> <p>For information regarding our Open Access policy, <a title="Open access policy." href="Full%20details of our conditions related to copyright can be found by clicking here.">click here</a>.</p> (Elena Babatsouli, PhD) (Ailsa Parkin) Wed, 22 Jun 2022 01:03:19 +0000 OJS 60 The influence of age of acquisition, language proficiency and language use on Singapore English consonant perception <p>The present study investigates the extent to which age of acquisition (AoA), English language proficiency and use influence consonant perception in Singapore English (SgE). Consonantal pairs of interest were presented in a gating paradigm to determine the amount of linguistic information participants required for accurate consonant identification as a measure of perceptual acuity. Only the [th]–[?] and [t]–[?] phonetic contrasts emerged sensitive to differences in AoA of English, with the early AoA group outperforming the late AoA group. Language proficiency and use did not significantly influence consonant perception. The findings are discussed in light of how AoA may interact with the universal difficulty and distributional regularities of speech contrasts to affect speech processing. Future studies should investigate a wider range of SgE speakers and identify distributional regularities of speech sounds to gain a more comprehensive picture of the factors that influence consonant perception in SgE.</p> Kastoori Kalaivanan, Firqin Sumartono, Ying-Ying Tan Copyright (c) 2022 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Wed, 22 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Native language development of Dutch–English bilingual children in Australia <p>This study aimed to track language development and possible factors of language loss in 50 primary-school-aged bilingual Dutch–English children, and it follows up a study conducted one year prior. Dutch language skills were assessed through the standardized language test CELF4-NL and language background factors were assessed through the Alberta Language Environment Questionnaire. Reading books in the native language Dutch contributed significantly to children’s language development. Speaking the native language at home with both parents and siblings contributed to better Dutch language skills. Additionally, schooling outside of the home situation in the native language seems to contribute to positive language development in children after one-year follow up.</p> Marrit Janabi, Elisabeth Duursma, Margot Bochane, Stefani Ribeiro Knijnik, Hans Bogaardt Copyright (c) 2022 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Wed, 22 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Developmental language disorders in Cyprus <p>The term developmental language disorder (DLD) refers to the condition in which a child fails to achieve the speech and language milestones that are expected for his/her chronological age. The disorder is often linked to a series of add-on effects such as learning difficulties, trouble with socializing, problematic behaviour and low self-esteem. According to the international literature, DLD affects approximately 7% of school children in mainstream education. This paper reports on research conducted in Cyprus aiming to map the services provided by speech and language therapists (SLTs) to children with DLD. A questionnaire containing key areas of enquiry was developed and distributed to professionals working with DLD in Cyprus. A total of 44 responses were submitted by SLTs who provide services to individuals with DLD. The findings showed that the majority of children with DLD are diagnosed with a mixed receptive/expressive language disorder and are, on average, 7 years of age. The speech therapy interventions provided by professionals were twice a week and were most often on an individual basis. The maximum number of sessions was not pre-determined. Findings underscored the need for further research in defining service provision issues for children with DLD in Cyprus. </p> Elena Theodorou, Maria Kambanaros, Kakia Petinou Copyright (c) 2022 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Wed, 22 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Redeploying appendices in L2 phonology <p>In this paper, we explore aspects of the production and perception of certain consonant clusters (in particular s + C clusters) in second language learners. We administered perception tasks (ABX and non-word transcription) and production tasks (reading, picture-based discussion, and elicited imitation) to native speakers of Persian and Arabic, and compare their results to those in previously published studies of other L1s. We will arrive at two broad conclusions. The first is that many subjects who demonstrate non-targetlike production of consonantal sequences by producing epenthetic vowels between the consonants are not hearing an illusory vowel in perception tasks. Thus, non-nativelike production is not always reflective of non-nativelike perception; non-nativelike production is not always caused by non-nativelike perception. Our second conclusion is that the locus of explanation for the accurate perception in subjects whose L1s lack s + C clusters is the presence or absence in the L1 of right-edge syllabic appendices. L1s which do not license appendices (Japanese, Brazilian Portuguese) will have difficulty perceiving L2 English s + C sequences, while L1s which do license appendices (Persian, Arabic) will not have difficulty perceiving L2 English s + C strings.</p> John Archibald, Marziyeh Yousef, Amjad Alhemaid Copyright (c) 2022 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Wed, 22 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Prevalence, severity and risk factors for speech disorders in US children <p class="xmsonormal" style="line-height: 200%;">Data from the US National Survey of Children’s Health for years 2007, 2011–2012, 2016 and 2017, based on parent report, were analysed to determine the prevalence, severity and specific risk factors (bilingualism, comorbidity, age, sex) for speech disorders. The prevalence of speech disorders was lower for children who are bilingual, without comorbidity, older and females. Parents of children who are bilingual, with comorbidity and in the youngest and oldest age groups were more likely to report moderate or severe symptoms. Unlike prior reports based on smaller samples, findings indicate that bilingual children are not at higher risk for speech disorders.</p> Ai Leen Choo, Sara Ashley Smith, Hongli Li Copyright (c) 2022 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Wed, 22 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000