Journal of Monolingual and Bilingual Speech https://journal.equinoxpub.com/JMBS <p>This journal studies human speech in all its manifestations. The average person in today's world speaks at least one native language in its standard and/or dialectal forms and speaks at various levels of proficiency at least one more languge that is acquired simultaneously or consecutively in instructional or immersion settings. The term speech is used here to mean oral rather than written language and is an umbrella term to refer both to the physical aspects of the ability to speak/communicate as well as the cognitive aspects involved in the human linguistic faculty. Gestural (sign) language, i,e, the language of manual communication is known to display, by and large, the same fundamental properties as spoken language, and as such is a type of speech. <a href="https://journal.equinoxpub.com/JMBS/about">More about the journal.</a></p> en-US <p>© Equinox Publishing Ltd.</p> <p>For information regarding our Open Access policy, <a title="Open access policy." href="Full%20details of our conditions related to copyright can be found by clicking here.">click here</a>.</p> elena.babatsouli@louisiana.edu (Elena Babatsouli, PhD) dgronow@equinoxpub.com (Daniel Gronow) Mon, 24 Oct 2022 23:05:27 +0000 OJS 3.3.0.11 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Dual language development and disorders: A handbook on bilingualism and second language learning, 3rd edition J. Paradis, F. Genesee & M. B. Crago and Language disorders in bilingual children and adults, 3rd edition K. Kohnert, K. D. Ebert & T. Pham https://journal.equinoxpub.com/JMBS/article/view/22761 <p>Dual language development and disorders: A handbook on bilingualism and second language learning, 3rd edition J. Paradis, F. Genesee &amp; M. B. Crago (2021) Baltimore, MD: Brookes Publishing</p> <p>Language disorders in bilingual children and adults, 3rd edition K. Kohnert, K. D. Ebert &amp; T. Pham (2021) San Diego, CA: Plural Publishing</p> Kai Greene Copyright (c) 2022 Equinox Publishing Ltd. https://journal.equinoxpub.com/JMBS/article/view/22761 Mon, 24 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0000 A longitudinal case study on the development of consonant–vowel distribution in the babbling of a Czech–English infant https://journal.equinoxpub.com/JMBS/article/view/21123 <p>Previous studies have shown that bilingual infants adjust the distribution of vowels and consonants, while babbling, to the languages they are exposed to, but little is known about the developmental trajectory of this skill. In this study, an infant exposed to English and Czech from birth was recorded every two/three days from the age of 0;6.13 to the age of 1;6.21 while babbling, and the distribution of vowels and consonants was analysed in his speech in relationship to the person he was interacting with. The study shows that the <br />proportion of consonants increases throughout development in the recordings in which the child is interacting with his father (Czech speaker), and it remains instead stable over development in the recordings in which the child is interacting with his mother (English speaker). This finding suggests that the child is able to tie his babbling strategies, within a few months, to the distribution of vowels and consonants occurring in the linguistic environment.</p> Luca Cilibrasi, Jirina Dunková Copyright (c) 2022 Equinox Publishing Ltd. https://journal.equinoxpub.com/JMBS/article/view/21123 Mon, 24 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Laterals in Spanish–English bilinguals https://journal.equinoxpub.com/JMBS/article/view/23247 <p>Patterns of production of Spanish and English laterals by early sequential Spanish–English bilinguals (L1 and L2 respectively in the order of acquisition) were investigated. A total of 25 early Spanish–English bilinguals, who are all English-dominant (average age of L2 acquisition: 3;9), were recruited. They were recorded while reading sentences aloud in Spanish and in English containing laterals in onset and coda positions adjacent to front and back vowels. Target words with laterals were spectrographically analysed through an investigation of F1 and F2 values. The measurements obtained were compared between the two languages. The results show that the participants maintain separate acoustic realizations for the laterals in all four different phonetic environments in their two languages. Since their lateral productions are mixed with respect to the influence of the two languages, the results suggest that bilinguals’ interrelated systems influence each other at a fine-grained acoustic level.</p> Mehmet Yavaş, Michele Suner Copyright (c) 2022 Equinox Publishing Ltd. https://journal.equinoxpub.com/JMBS/article/view/23247 Mon, 24 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Perceptual training of Arabic consonants in English-speaking learners of the Quran https://journal.equinoxpub.com/JMBS/article/view/20878 <p>In the Muslim community, accurate perception of classical Arabic phones is considered of importance in order to understand and recite the Quran, which is read, studied and recited in its original Arabic language. In this study, high variability phonetic training (HVPT) was used to train accurate perception of Arabic consonants that do not exist in American English. HVPT develops new phonemic categories by exposing learners to a variety of productions of new phonemes. Results indicated significant improvement in perception of Arabic consonants (pre-test mean = 58.5%, post-test mean = 64.8%, difference = 6.3%, w = 11, z = –1.36). Improvements were specifically seen for the contrasts /d-d/, /k-q/ and /h-h/. No significant relationship between HVPT outcomes and language learning variables was found. Overall results of the study indicate the effectiveness of training perception of Arabic phonemic contrasts in English-speaking learners of the Quran.</p> Amanda A Smith, Angela M Medina, Balaji Rangarathnam Copyright (c) 2022 Equinox Publishing Ltd. https://journal.equinoxpub.com/JMBS/article/view/20878 Mon, 24 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Phono-strategic language preference for Andalusian Spanish (L2) over German (L1) in lisping bilinguals https://journal.equinoxpub.com/JMBS/article/view/21011 <p>This paper investigates the preference for Andalusian Spanish (second language, L2) over German (first language, L1) in bilinguals who have a lisp and do not encounter a feeling of belonging to their L1 society due to reactions such a divergent pronunciation provokes. This issue is novel due to its interdisciplinary nature within this unique language combination, and it draws particularly on the fields of speech (pathology), language preference, communication, bilingualism, phonetics, psycholinguistics and sociolinguistics. To test the hypothesis ‘some bilinguals who have a lisp prefer to use Andalusian Spanish (their L2) over German (their L1) to avoid the noticeability of their speech divergence’, within the boundaries of the present exploratory case study, interviews with participants were recorded. It was found that participants sacrifice the usage of their L1 in favour of their L2 in an attempt to vanish their phonetic divergence. Such a finding is important because in Andalusian Spanish the pronunciation of the /s/ is significantly reduced during the conversation flow on account of many of the language’s specific phonetic conventions.</p> Dominik Kozanda Copyright (c) 2022 Equinox Publishing Ltd. https://journal.equinoxpub.com/JMBS/article/view/21011 Mon, 24 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0000