Journal of Interactional Research in Communication Disorders https://journal.equinoxpub.com/JIRCD <p>The <em>Journal of Interactional Research in Communication Disorders</em> provides a unique forum for qualitative research relating to the ways in which disorders impact on communication and interaction. The interactions include e.g., every day, therapeutic, and educational interactions in home, institutional, organizational, private, and public settings. The disorders include in principle any, e.g., speech and language, communicative, visual, physical, cognitive, and mental disorders. JIRCD also accepts studies in contextual issues involved in these interactions. It includes quantitative studies in social interaction. </p> Equinox Publishing Ltd. en-US Journal of Interactional Research in Communication Disorders 2040-5111 <p>© Equinox Publishing Ltd.</p> <p>For information regarding our Open Access policy, <a title="Open access policy." href="Full%20details of our conditions related to copyright can be found by clicking here.">click here</a>.</p> The impact of stuttering in the university https://journal.equinoxpub.com/JIRCD/article/view/21456 <p>Objective: The aims of this investigation were to explore (a) the experiences of women who stutter in university settings; (b) the impact of stuttering related to the emotions attached to stuttering; (c) the impact of stuttering on relationships for women; and (d) coping and management of stuttering within the university setting.</p> <p>Method: Interpretive phenomenological analysis was used to understand the lived experiences of women who stutter when attending university. In-depth semi-structured interviews were collected from seven women who stutter and subjected to inductive analysis.</p> <p>Results: Qualitative data analysis indicated that participants reported four themes related to their university experiences: ‘Role of support’; ‘Client-centered therapy’; ‘Role of authoritative figures’; and ‘The stuttering stereotype exists.’</p> <p>Discussion: Women are presented with unique challenges while attending university, as they must combat stereotypes related to stuttering and being a woman, and they must also overcome the related obstacles.</p> <p>Conclusions: There is much work to be done in the university setting, in order to change how people who stutter are portrayed and how stuttering is perceived. These data point toward the need for advocacy training within the university setting, and for more holistic approaches to be utilized in stuttering intervention.</p> Michael Azios Maria Stamatis Thales De Nardo John Tetnowski Copyright (c) 2022 Equinox Publishing Ltd. 2022-09-30 2022-09-30 13 2 147–170 147–170 10.1558/jircd.21456 The influence of context on identity construction after traumatic brain injury https://journal.equinoxpub.com/JIRCD/article/view/21020 <p>Objective: It has been widely accepted that positive identity construction after traumatic brain injury (TBI) results in better rehabilitation outcomes. However, there is limited information available on the linguistic resources that individuals use to construct such identities, and how the context in which they are communicating may influence this construction of self. This research uses the tools of systemic functional linguistics to examine the linguistic construction of identity in an individual with moderate-severe chronic TBI.</p> <p>Method: The individual participated in two different conversations, one with a male stranger and the other with a female brain injury researcher, and the conversation transcripts were analyzed using tools of systemic functional linguistics.</p> <p>Results: The identities communicated and linguistic construction of self in both contexts had many similarities. In both conversations, the participant presented a positive perspective of his post brain injury life, and he described similar relationships. Nevertheless, there were also noteworthy differences. With the stranger, he distanced himself from the topic of the injury by not discussing his pre-injury self or his injury-related difficulties. However, with the researcher, he contrasted a negative pre-injury persona with his current, improved post-injury self. Additionally, when conveying information about his relationships to the stranger he projected a more powerful and in-charge identity than with the researcher.</p> <p>Discussion: An analysis of language using systemic functional linguistics can reveal important information about how individuals communicate their identity. Additionally, the identities communicated can be highly variable depending on the conversation partner, the context of the interaction, and sociocultural gender norms.</p> <p>Conclusion: The results suggest that contextual influences on identity construction have important clinical implications for rehabilitation.</p> Louise C Keegan Nicole Müller Copyright (c) 2022 Equinox Publishing Ltd. 2022-09-30 2022-09-30 13 2 171–195 171–195 10.1558/jircd.21020 The experience of stigma in adults who lisp https://journal.equinoxpub.com/JIRCD/article/view/21204 <p>Objective: This study investigates and describes the experience of stigma in adults who self-identify as having a lisp. It aims to shed light on and legitimize adults who self-identify as having a lisp through what emerges from their described lived experiences and in terms of minor bodily stigma and models of disability.</p> <p>Method: Data were gathered through qualitative semi-structured interviews with seven self-identified adults who lisp. These interviews were conducted and audio-recorded in person, via Skype, and via a conference call setup, depending on the level of convenience and the preferences of the participants. Interviews were transcribed. Transcript data underwent systematic thematic analysis rooted in qualitative research theory.</p> <p>Results: One overriding theme, three underlying themes, and eight subordinate thematic categories were yielded from the described lived experiences of the participants.</p> <p>Discussion: Results are examined in light of previous stigma literature establishing lisping as a minor bodily stigma, as well as models of disability. The experiences of stigma in adults who self-identify as having a lisp are varied and reflect internalized as well as public stigma.</p> <p>Conclusions: The thorough exploration of emergent themes, requiring layers of repeated analysis and consideration, allows for the investigation, acknowledgement, illumination, and legitimization of the experience of stigma in adults who self-identify as having a lisp.</p> Sarah Lockenvitz Judith Oxley John Tetnowski Copyright (c) 2022 Equinox Publishing Ltd. 2022-09-30 2022-09-30 13 2 196–211 196–211 10.1558/jircd.21204 First saying and second saying in aphasic conversations https://journal.equinoxpub.com/JIRCD/article/view/21164 <p>Objective: This present study investigates first and second saying in aphasic conversations to demonstrate the ability of qualitative methodologies (in this case conversation analysis) to study the ways in which persons with aphasia achieve conversation success through verbal repetition in the form of first and second sayings.</p> <p>Method: For this explorative case study, the author drew on data from AphasiaBank, a multimedia database of discourse samples gathered from individuals with aphasia and from healthy controls. Using the framework of conversation analysis, the author discusses its position, composition, and action.</p> <p>Results: We demonstrated the role of the practice of recycling elements of one’s own prior utterances in building socially meaningful action, presenting an image of the speaker with aphasia as someone who is competently and confidently managing throughout her impairment.</p> <p>Discussion: The author discusses the potential of conversation analytical techniques as tools to study the complex phenomenon of conversation as the primary vehicle for human social action.</p> <p>Conclusion: Through the study of ‘first saying and second saying’ in aphasic conversation, this study contributes to our understanding of how persons with aphasia strategically employ their limited linguistic resources to negotiate meaning and social action.</p> Ruixia Yan Copyright (c) 2022 Equinox Publishing Ltd. 2022-09-30 2022-09-30 13 2 212–219 212–219 10.1558/jircd.21164 Understanding mechanisms of change after conversation-focused therapy in aphasia https://journal.equinoxpub.com/JIRCD/article/view/21043 <p>Objective: Conversation therapy in aphasia is a complex but effective type of intervention aimed at changing the linguistic and non-linguistic behaviors of persons with aphasia and/or their conversational partners. Recent studies have examined the experimental effects of conversation-based intervention and found significant change in targeted conversation strategies used by people with aphasia during therapy contexts. This investigation examines the generalization of therapy effects to naturally occurring conversations outside therapy.</p> <p>Method: The current study uses a conversation analysis framework to examine the generalization of this change to conversations between a person with aphasia and their spouse.</p> <p>Results: Conversation analysis revealed changes in the sequential environment of various strategies that were targeted in conversation-based intervention. Most notably, there was a change in the flexibility and deployment of gesture type and the act of writing as a means of achieving mutual understanding.</p> <p>Discussion: This study adds to the growing body of evidence supporting conversation-based interventions. Qualitative analysis of conversation provides important information on a client’s response to intervention and the generalization of targeted strategies to everyday contexts.</p> <p>Conclusion: Given the nature of complex, collaborative, and unplanned conversation, qualitative approaches allow clinicians and researchers to better understand why clients deploy strategies of interest at various junctures. These types of analyses are vital for understanding if and how meaningful life participation is achieved after skilled intervention.</p> Jamie H Azios Brent E Archer Jaime B Lee Copyright (c) 2022 Equinox Publishing Ltd. 2022-09-30 2022-09-30 13 2 220–243 220–243 10.1558/jircd.21043 Feelings and the acceptance spectrum in adult stuttering https://journal.equinoxpub.com/JIRCD/article/view/21174 <p>Purpose: The purpose of this exploratory study was to describe the feelings about and attitudes toward stuttering expressed in the narrative responses of a large sample of adults who stutter.</p> <p>Method: Eighty-eight adults who stutter answered an online survey questionnaire on their feelings about their stuttering. Thematic analysis was conducted to investigate the individual nuances of each participant’s response, which gave rise to general themes across the sample.</p> <p>Results: Five major themes emerged from participants’ responses regarding their feelings about their stuttering: (I) negative feelings about stuttering; (II) negative attitudes toward stuttering; (III) negative impact on quality of life; (IV) the acceptance spectrum; and (V) exclusively positive feelings and attitudes about stuttering. Negative feelings included embarrassment and shame, frustration, and grief, while negative attitudes were hatred, dislike, and annoyance. Stuttering’s negative impact on participants’ lives in general as well as on specific aspects such as job interviews were described. Participants reported varying degrees of acceptance, highlighting that acceptance is not an ‘all or nothing’ phenomenon. Examples of positive feelings were confidence and comfort.</p> <p>Conclusion: The vast majority of participants included negatively charged elements in their responses, and acceptance was largely described as being a fluid phenomenon, regardless of participants’ ages. Findings indicate clinical implications for addressing feelings, attitudes, and acceptance across the lifespan.</p> Angela M Medina Gretel Perez Copyright (c) 2022 Equinox Publishing Ltd. 2022-09-30 2022-09-30 13 2 244–268 244–268 10.1558/jircd.21174 Editorial https://journal.equinoxpub.com/JIRCD/article/view/22033 Martin J Ball Copyright (c) 2022 Equinox Publishing Ltd. 2022-09-30 2022-09-30 13 2 145–146 145–146 10.1558/jircd.22033