‘You all go to check there’

Egalitarian directive use by Baka children during group hunting


  • Koji Sonoda The Center for African Area Studies, Kyoto University, Japan




egalitarian directive, self-selection, ‘you all do’ construction, authoritative position, mobile activity


Previous studies of children’s directive use in peer interaction have paid attention to practices related to hierarchical relationships. This study demonstrates egalitarian directive use by Baka hunter–gatherer children engaged in giant rat hunting as a group activity. Self-selection and ‘you all do’ construction were identified as the ways they proceeded with this activity. These two egalitarian directives were not limited to specific persons with authority or power; rather, the children interacted with each other on an equal footing using these forms. Trajectories of action described the difficulties of being in an authoritative position in during activity. This study identified alternative ways to construct equal footing in children’s group activities.

Author Biography

Koji Sonoda, The Center for African Area Studies, Kyoto University, Japan

Koji Sonoda is a postdoctoral researcher of the Center for African Area Studies at Kyoto University. His research interests focus on childhood in the Baka hunter–
gatherer society of eastern Cameroon, specifically regarding face-to-face interactions among children and between adults and children. He investigates how children negotiate actions and activities and what they learn about the social orders of everyday activities. His methodology employs ethnographic description and conversation analytical techniques.


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How to Cite

Sonoda, K. . (2021). ‘You all go to check there’: Egalitarian directive use by Baka children during group hunting. Research on Children and Social Interaction, 4(2), 292–321. https://doi.org/10.1558/rcsi.12410