A study of Chinese serial verb constructions within the framework of the Cardiff Grammar

Authors

  • He Wei University of Science and Technology
  • Zhang Jingyuan University of Science and Technology

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1558/lhs.v8i1.123

Keywords:

Chinese serial verb constructions, description, discussion, simple sentence, complex sentence, the Cardiff Grammar

Abstract

This paper explores the nature of Chinese serial verb constructions within the framework of the Cardiff Grammar. In a serial verb construction, a primary predication and an embedded secondary predication may be realized as a simple sentence with a ranking clause and an embedded clause, while multiple primary predications may be realized by more than one ranking clause. Our findings have been subsequently checked against attempts at natural language understanding and generation. Chinese serial verb constructions are different from typical Chinese simple or complex sentences, but can be grouped into either simple or complex types.

Author Biographies

He Wei, University of Science and Technology

He Wei is Professor of Linguistics and PhD supervisor with School of Foreign Studies (SFS) in University of Science and Technology, Beijing (USTB). She is at the same time deputy dean of SFS, director of Centre for Functional Linguistics and member of the Academic Committee of USTB.

Zhang Jingyuan, University of Science and Technology

Zhang Jingyuan is Professor of Linguistics and Dean of School of Foreign Studies, University of Science and Technology, Beijing (USTB); he is also a member of the Academic Committee of USTB.

References

Chao, Y. R. (1952) Peking Spoken Language Grammar (edited by Li Rong). Beijing: Kaiming Bookstore.

Chen, J. M. (1986) Studies on Modern Chinese Syntax. Beijing: Language Publishing House.

Ding, S. S. et al. (1961) Lectures on Modern Chinese Grammar. Beijing: The Commercial Press.

Fan, X. (1991) Phrases in Modern Chinese. Beijing: The Commercial Press.

Fan, X. (1998) Sentence Patterns in Modern Chinese. Taiyuan: Shuhai Press.

Fawcett, R. P. (2000) A Theory of Syntax for Systemic Functional Linguistics. Amsterdam: Benjamins.

Fawcett, R. P. (2008) Invitation to Systemic Functional Linguistics through the Cardiff Grammar: An Extension and Simplification of Halliday’s Systemic Functional Grammar. London: Equinox.

Fawcett, R. P. (forthcoming a) The Functional Syntax Handbook: Analyzing English at the Level of Form. London: Equinox.

Fawcett, R. P. (forthcoming b) The Functional Semantics Handbook: Analyzing English at the Level of Meaning. London: Equinox.

Fawcett, R. P. (forthcoming c) The concepts of ‘parataxis’ and ‘hypotaxis’ in clause relations: problems and solutions.

Fawcett, R. P. (forthcoming d) Notes on NEGATIVITY and VALIDITY in English.

Gao, Z. X. (2003) A review of the study of SVCs. Journal of Liaocheng University (Social Sciences Edition) 6: 75?79.

Halliday, M. A. K. (1961) Categories of the theory of grammar. Word 17: 241?292.

Halliday, M. A. K. (1967a, 1967b, 1968) Notes on transitivity and theme in English, Parts 1?3. Journal of Linguistics 3 (1): 37?81; 3 (2): 199?244; and 4 (2): 179?215.

Halliday, M. A. K. (1967c) Intonation and Grammar in British English. The Hague: Mouton.

Halliday, M. A. K. (1969) Options and functions in the English clause. Brno Papers in Linguistics 8: 81?88.

Halliday, M. A. K. (1970a) Language structure and language function. In J. Lyons (ed.) New Horizons in Linguistics, 140?165. Harmondsworth: Penguin.

Halliday, M. A. K. (1970b) A Course in Spoken English: Intonation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Halliday, M. A. K. (1970c) Functional diversity in language, as seen from a consideration of modality and mood in English. Foundations of Language 6: 322?361.

Halliday, M. A. K. (1973) Explorations in the Functions of Language. London: Arnold.

Halliday, M. A. K. (1975) Learning How to Mean. London: Arnold.

Halliday, M. A. K. (1976) The form of a functional grammar. In G. R. Kress (ed.) System and Function in Language: Selected Papers by M. A. K. Halliday, 7?25. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Halliday, M. A. K. (1978) Language as Social Semiotic: The Social Interpretation of Language and Meaning. London: Arnold.

Halliday, M. A. K. (1985) An Introduction to Functional Grammar. London: Arnold.

Halliday, M. A. K. (1994) An Introduction to Functional Grammar (2nd edn.). London: Arnold.

Halliday, M. A. K. and Matthiessen, C. M. I. M. (2004) An Introduction to Functional Grammar (3rd edn). London: Arnold.

He, W. and Hong, N. Z. (forthcoming) A study of Chinese nominal groups with de from the perspective of the Cardiff Grammar.

He, W. and Su, M. (forthcoming) A study of the criteria for distinguishing between simple and complex Chinese sentences within the framework of the Cardiff Grammar.

Hong, M. (2004) Dsecription of the semantic construction of serial verb construction in modern Chinese. Journal of Southwest University for Nationalities (Humanities & Social Sciences) 7: 423?426.

Hu, Y. S. (1979) Modern Chinese (2nd edn). Shanghai: Shanghai Educational Publishing House.

Hu, Y. S. (2011) Modern Chinese (7th edn). Shanghai: Shanghai Educational Publishing House.

Li, C. N. and Thompson, S. A. (1981) Mandarin Chinese: A Functional ReferenceGrammar. London: University of California Press.

Li, L. D. (1986) Modern Chinese Sentence Patterns. Beijing: The Commercial Press.

Liu, Y. H., Pan, W. Y. and Gu, W. (2001/2010) A Practical Chinese Grammar. Beijing: The Commercial Press.

Lv, J. P. (1958) Complex Predicates in Chinese. Shanghai: New Knowledge Press.

Lv, S. X. and Zhu, D. X. (1951) Lectures on Grammar and Rhetoric. Beijing: China Youth Press.

Song, Y. Z. (1978) A study of serial verb construction and object-subject construction in Chinese. Journal of Zhengzhou University 2: 32?40.

Tucker, G. H. (1998) The Lexicogrammar of Adjectives: A Systemic Functional Approach to Lexis. London: Cassell Academic.

Wang, F. T. (1960) Serial verb construction or successive predicate structure. Studies of the Chinese Language 6 and 10.

Wang, L. (1985) Modern Chinese Grammar. Jinan: Shandong Educational Press.

Wang, L. (1989) History of Chinese Grammar. Beijing: The Commercial Press.

Wang, L. J., Lu, J. M., Fu, H. Q., Ma, Z. and Su, P. C. (1993, 2004/2010) Modern Chinese. Beijing: The Commercial Press.

Wu, Q. Z. (1990) Serial Verb Construction and Object-subject Construction in Chinese. Beijing: People’s Education Press.

Yang, B. J. and He, L. S. (2001) Ancient Chinese Grammar and Its Development. Beijing: Language Publishing House.

Zhang J. (1977) Disposal of serial verb constructions and bi-constituent constructions. Journal of Zhengzhou University 4: 71?80.

Zhang, Y. J. (2001) Grammar of Chinese Oracle Bone Inscriptions. Beijing: Academia Press.

Zhang, Z. G. (1953) General Knowledge of Modern Chinese Grammar. Beijing: China Youth Press.

Zhang, Z. G. (1991) Collection of Zhang Zhigong. Guangzhou: Guangdong Educational Press.

Zhang, Z. G., et al. (1959) Knowledge on Modern Chinese. Beijing: People’s Education Press.

Zhu, D. X. (1982) Lectures on Chinese Grammar. Beijing: The Commercial Press.

Published

2013-09-30

How to Cite

Wei, H., & Jingyuan, Z. (2013). A study of Chinese serial verb constructions within the framework of the Cardiff Grammar. Linguistics and the Human Sciences, 8(1), 123–165. https://doi.org/10.1558/lhs.v8i1.123

Issue

Section

Articles