When creativity meets systemic functional linguistics
The birth of an innovative 3D model
Keywords:Semiotic Systems, Creativity, registerial cartography, register
As of today, the proportion of research in creativity which focuses on the description of language and language use has been minuscule, with Carter's (2004) creativity matrix for spoken English being arguably the most systematic attempt in over a decade. In spite of his success in identifying certain key features associated with creativity production, he too has acknowledged the presence of a rather significant gap in between those interpersonal features and context (of situation) and has thus called for a comprehensive model to fill this niche. The aim of this article is to address this issue by proposing a new descriptive model for the representation of the probabilistic nature of linguistic creativity using a systemic functional linguistic approach. This article is divided into four sections. The first section begins by describing the background and definitions of creativity. The second section discusses the main concepts and theories involved in the model construction. The third section provides a detailed, step-by-step walk-through of the model. Finally, the last section concludes with a short discussion of the advantages and limitations of this model.
Amabile, T. M. (1983). The Social Psychology of Creativity. New York: Springer-Verlag. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4612-5533-8
Amabile, T. M. (1996). Creativity in Context. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Amabile, T. M. and Pillemer, J. (2011). Perspectives on the social psychology of creativity. Submitted to Journal of Creative Behavior, 1–25.
Anderson, H. H. (1959). Creativity and its cultivation. Recognition of Excellence: Working Papers of a Project of the Edgar Stern Family Fund, April 1960, xii, 334. Glencoe, IL: Free Press.
Austin, J. (1962). How to Do Things with Words. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Beittel, K. R. (1959). Molesting or meeting the muse: a look at research on the ‘creativity’ in the visual arts. Studies in Art Education, 1 (1), 26–37. https://doi.org/10.2307/1319949
Blair, G. M. (1949). The content of educational psychology. Journal of Educational Psychology, 40 (5), 267–274. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0056399
Bush, G. P. and Hattery, L. H. (1956). Teamwork and creativity in research. Administrative Science Quarterly, 1 (3), 361–372. https://doi.org/10.2307/2390929
Cacciari, C. and Tabossi, P. (1988). The comprehension of idioms. Journal of Memory and Language, 27 (6), 668–683. https://doi.org/10.1016/0749-596X(88)90014-9
Cacciari, C. and Tabossi, P. (Eds). (2014). Idioms: Processing, Structure, and Interpretation. New York: Psychology Press. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315807133
Carter, R. (2004). Language and Creativity: The Art of Common Talk. London: Routledge.
Carter, R. and McCarthy, M. (2004). Talking, creating: Interactional language, creativity, and context. Applied Linguistics, 25 (1), 62–88. https://doi.org/10.1093/applin/25.1.62
Cober, M. E. (1952). Creativeness in the Language Arts. The Elementary School Journal, 53 (2), 96–99. https://doi.org/10.1086/459406
Copinger, W. A. (2008). The Law of Copyright, in Works of Literature and Art: Including that of the Drama, Music, Engraving, Sculpture, Painting, Photography and Ornamental and Useful Designs: Together with International and Foreign Copyright, with the Statutes Relating... Clark, NJ: Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.
Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1988). Society, culture, and person: A systems view of creativity. In R. Sternberg (Ed.), The Nature of Creativity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1997). Creativity: Flow and the Psychology of Discovery and Invention. New York: Harper Collins.
Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1999). Implications of a systems perspective for the study of creativity. In R. Stenberg (Ed.), Handbook of Creativity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Dacey, J. and Lennon, K. (1998). Understanding Creativity: The Interplay of Biological, Psychological, and Social Factors. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
de Beaugrande, R.-A. (1979). Toward a general theory of creativity. Poetics, 8 (3), 269–306. https://doi.org/10.1016/0304-422X(79)90036-6
Drevdahl, J. E. (1956). Factors of importance for creativity. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 12 (1), 21–26. https://doi.org/10.1002/1097-4679(195601)12:1<21::AID-JCLP2270120104>3.0.CO;2-S
Drevdahl, J. E. and Cattell, R. B. (1958). Personality and creativity in artists and writers. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 14 (2), 107–111. https://doi.org/10.1002/1097-4679(195804)14:2<107::AID-JCLP2270140202>3.0.CO;2-T
Eggins, S. (2004). Introduction to Systemic Functional Linguistics (2nd ed.). London: A & C Black.
Gerrig, R. J. and Gibbs Jr, R. W. (1988). Beyond the lexicon: Creativity in language production. Metaphor & Symbolic Activity, 3 (3), 1–19. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327868ms0301_1
Gibbs, R. W. (1992). What do idioms really mean? Journal of Memory and Language, 31 (4), 485–506. https://doi.org/10.1016/0749-596X(92)90025-S
Gibbs, R. W. and Nayak, N. P. (1989). Psycholinguistic studies on the syntactic behavior of idioms. Cognitive Psychology, 21 (1), 100–138. https://doi.org/10.1016/0010-0285(89)90004-2
Gibbs, R. W., Nayak, N. P., & Cutting, C. (1989). How to kick the bucket and not decompose: Analyzability and idiom processing. Journal of Memory and Language, 28 (5), 576–593. https://doi.org/10.1016/0749-596X(89)90014-4
Guilford, J. P. (1950). Creativity Research: Past, Present and Future. Los Angeles, CA: University of Southern California.
Guilford, J. P. (1957). Creative abilities in the arts. Psychological Review, 64 (2), 110–118. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0048280
Halliday, M. (1985). An Introduction to Functional Grammar. London: Edward Arnold.
Järlehed, J. and Jaworski, A. (2015). Typographic landscaping: Creativity, ideology, movement. Social Semiotics, 25 (2), 117–125. https://doi.org/10.1080/10350330.2015.1010318
Johnson, R. E. (1948). Fine arts as a means of personality integration. The School Review, 223–228. https://doi.org/10.1086/441499
Kerrigan, S. (2013). Accommodating creative documentary practice within a revised systems model of creativity. Journal of Media Practice, 14 (2), 111–127. https://doi.org/10.1386/jmpr.14.2.111_1
Macfarlane, R. (2007). Original Copy: Plagiarism and Originality in Nineteenth-Century Literature. Oxford: Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296507.001.0001
Maslow, A. H. (1962). The Creative Attitude. San Jose, CA.: Psychosynthesis Distribution.
Matthiessen, C. M. (2009). Multisemiosis and context-based register typology: Registerial variation in the complementarity of semiotic systems. In E. Ventola and A. J. Guijarro (Eds), The World Told and the World Shown: Multisemiotic Issues, 11–38. New York: Palgrave Macmillian.
Matthiessen, C. M. (2013). Register in the round: Registerial cartography. Manuscript of book chapter submitted to. In L. Barbara and S. Cabral (Eds), Teoria Sistêmico – Funcional para brasileiros (Systemic Functional Theory for Brazilians). Universidade Federal de Santa Maria – UFSM: Santa Maria, Brazil: PPGL: Programa de Pós – Graduação em Letras.
Matthiessen, C. M. and Kashyap, A. K. (2014). The construal of space in different registers: An exploratory study. Language Sciences, 1–27. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.langsci.2014.04.001
Matthiessen, C. M. and Teruya, K. (2013). Registerial hybridity: Indeterminacy among fields of activity. In D. Miller and P. Bayley (Eds), Permeable Contexts and Hybrid Discourses. London: Equinox.
McIntyre, P. (2008). Creativity and cultural production: An interdisciplinary approach to understanding creativity through an ethnographic study of songwriting. Cultural Science, 1 (2). https://doi.org/10.5334/csci.10
Meer, B. and Stein, M. I. (1955). Measures of intelligence and creativity. The Journal of Psychology, 39 (1), 117–126. https://doi.org/10.1080/00223980.1955.9916164
Melby, E. O. (1952). Education, freedom and creativity. Music Educators Journal, 38 (6), 14–17. https://doi.org/10.2307/3387624
Moreno, R. E. (2007). Creativity and Convention: The Pragmatics of Everyday Figurative Speech. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing.
Mukarovsky, J. (1964 ). Standard language and poetic language. In P. Garvin (Ed.), A Prague School Reader on Esthetics, Literary Structure, and Style. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.
Nahm, M. C. (1950). Genius and the aesthetic relation of the arts. The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, 9 (1), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.2307/426096
Pennycook, A. (2010). Language as a Local Practice. London: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203846223
Pope, R. (2005). Creativity: Theory, History, Practice. London: Routledge.
Poynton, C. (1985). Language and Gender: Making the Difference. Geelong, Vic.: Deakin University Press.
Poynton, C. (1990). Address and the semiotics of social relations: A systemic-functional account of address forms practices in Australian English. PhD thesis, Department of Linguistics, University of Sydney.
Rogers, C. R. (1954). Toward a theory of creativity. Etc., A Review of General Semantics, 11 (4), 249–260.
Sawyer, R. K. (2006). Explaining Creativity: The Science of Human Innovation. New York: Oxford University Press.
Searle, J. (1969). Speech Acts. An Essay in the Philosophy of Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139173438
Simonton, D. K. (2003). Creative cultures, nations and civilisations: Strategies and results. In P. Paulus and B. Nijstad (Eds), Group Creativity: Innovation Through Collaboration, 304–325. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Sperber, D. and Wilson, D. (2008). A deflationary account of metaphors. In J. R. Gibbs (Ed.), The Cambridge Handbook of Metaphor and Thought, 84–105. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511816802.007
Stein, M. I. (1953). Creativity and culture. The Journal of Psychology, 36 (2), 311–322. https://doi.org/10.1080/00223980.1953.9712897
Sternberg, R. and Lubart, T. (1991). An investment theory of creativity and its development. Human Development, 34, 1–32. https://doi.org/10.1159/000277029
Tannen, D. (1989). Talking Voices: Repetition, Dialogue and Imagery in Conversational Discourse. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Tendahl, M. and Gibbs Jr, R. W. (2008). Complementary perspectives on metaphor: Cognitive linguistics and relevance theory. Journal of Pragmatics, 40 (11), 1823–1864. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2008.02.001
Tomas, V. (1958). Creativity in art. The Philosophical Review, 1–15. https://doi.org/10.2307/2182766
Ure, J. (1989). ‘Text typology.’ Unpublished paper.
Vo, T. A. and Carter, R. (2010). What can a corpus tell us about creativity? In A. O’Keeffe and M. McCarthy (Eds), The Routledge Handbook of Corpus Linguistics,302–315). Abingdon: Routledge.
Weisberg, R. (1986). Creativity: Genius and Other Myths. A Series of Books in Psychology. New York: W H Freeman/Times Books/ Henry Holt & Co.
Weisberg, R. (1993). Creativity: Beyond the Myth of Genius. New York: W. H. Freeman and Co.
Wilson, R. N. (1954). Poetic creativity: process and personality. Psychiatry, 17 (2), 163–176. https://doi.org/10.1080/00332747.1954.11022960
How to Cite
© Equinox Publishing Ltd.
For information regarding our Open Access policy, click here.