The Globe of the Salvator Mundi between Cosmography and Theology

Authors

  • Barbara Rappenglück Independent Scholar

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1558/jsa.34688

Keywords:

Christian iconography, globe, history of cartography, history of cosmology, Salvator Mundi

Abstract

This paper focuses on the globe in depictions of the Salvator Mundi (Redeemer of the World), in which Christ is shown blessing with His right hand and holding the globe of the world in His left hand. From the end of the fifteenth to the start of the seventeenth century these globes show a remarkable diversity which is not observed either earlier or later, and the current paper relates this to the vibrant cosmological, astronomical and also geographical discussions and discoveries of the period. Also discussed is the influence that the theological topic of salvation may have had on the artistic appropriation of cosmographical ideas and their adaption in depictions of the Salvator Mundi’s globe.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Barbara Rappenglück, Independent Scholar

Independent scholar

References

Allori, Alessandro, c. 1550. “Salvator Mundi”. Biblioteca Ambrosiana, Milan [online]. Accessed October 2017, https://www.akg-images.de/archive/Salvator-Mundi-(Blessing-Christ)-2UMDHUEE42EY.html

Arundel 83 II (De Lisle Psalter), c. 1310–1330. Folio 130, “Christ in Majesty”. British Library, London [online]. Accessed October 2017, http://www.bl.uk/catalogues/illuminatedmanuscripts/ILLUMIN.ASP?Size=mid&IllID=477

Berruguete, Pedro, c. 1490. “Cristo Salvador del Mundo”. Museo Diocesano de Palencia, Spain [online]. Accessed October 2017, https://tinyurl.com/y9yxqmrz

Beuttler, U., 2010. Gott und Raum – Theologie der Weltgegenwart Gottes. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht. https://doi.org/10.13109/9783666564000

Boyvadouglu, F. D., 2008. “Between Nature and Artifice: Transparent Streams of New Liquid”. RES: Anthropology and Aesthetics 53–54: 93–103. https://doi.org/10.1086/RESvn1ms25608811

Carpaccio, Vittore, c. 1510. “Salvator Mundi”. New Orleans Museum of Art [online]. Accessed October 2017, https://noma.org/collection/christ-blessing/

“Christ as Salvator Mundi”, c. 1500. Rijksmuseum Schiphol, Amsterdam [online]. Accessed October 2017, https://www.rijksmuseum.nl/en/collection/SK-A-496

Circle of Michael Wolgemut, c. 1480. Salvator Mundi mit den zwölf Aposteln. Privately owned [online]. Accessed October 2017, https://tinyurl.com/objekt-1490

Claessens, Anthonie (attrib.), c. 1536–1613 Christ as Salvator Mundi. Privately owned [online]. Accessed October 2017, https://www.bonhams.com/auctions/22274/lot/47/

Cleve, Joos van, c. 1516–1518. Christ as Salvator Mundi. Louvre, Paris [online]. Accessed October 2017, http://cartelfr.louvre.fr/cartelfr/visite?srv=car_not_frame&idNotice=24143

d’Oggione, Marco, c. 1500. “Salvator Mundi”. Galleria Borghese, Rome [online]. Accessed October 2017, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Salvator_Mundi_-_Marco_d%27Oggiono.jpg

Davies, A., 1977. “Behaim, Martellus and Columbus”. Geographical Journal 143 (3): 451–459.

Flemish Artist, c. 1550–1575. “Salvator Mundi”. Museum of Fine Arts, Houston [online]. Accessed October 2017, https://www.mfah.org/art/detail/35261

Follower of Hans Memling, c. 1433–1494. “Le Christ Salvator Mundi”. Privately owned [online]. Accessed October 2017, http://www.artnet.com/artists/hans-memling/le-christ-salvator-mundi-rilequE4dwV2x3ttTy2mfg2

Gallego, Fernando, c. 1494–1496. “Cristo Bendiciendo”. Museo del Prado, Madrid [online]. Accessed October 2017, https://www.museodelprado.es/en/the-collection/art-work/christ-blessing/2d6f6136-465f-4ca6-80f1-1c4752f99a8c

German Documentation Center for Art History, “Bildindex der Kunst & Architektur”, 2016 [online]. Accessed December 2016, http://www.bildindex.de/

German Painter, c. 1573–1582. “Christ Blessing, Surrounded by a Donor Family”. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York [online]. Accessed October 2017, https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/437466

Gottlieb, C., 1975. “The Window in the Eye and Globe”. Art Bulletin 57 (4): 559–560.

Grant, E., 1994. Planets, Stars, and Orbs: The Medieval Cosmos, 1200–1687. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hess, C. and T. Husband, 1997. European Glass in the J. Paul Getty Museum. Los Angeles: Meridian.

Kovács, Z., 2002. “A New Representation of the Salvator Mundi from the Workshop of Quentin Massys”. Bulletin du Musée hongrois des Beaux-Arts 96: 67–102.

Martellus, Henricus, 1489. “World Map”. In Insularium Illustratum, folios 68v–69. British Library, London (Additional MS 15760) [online]. Accessed October 2017, https://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/mapas_antiguos/lm_webpage/256.html

Massys, Quentin, c. 1510. “Salvator Mundi”. North Carolina Museum of Art, Raleigh [online]. Accessed October 2017, http://ncartmuseum.org/art/detail/salvator_mundi

Massys, Quentin (attrib.), c. 1530. “Salvator Mundi”. Budapest, Szépművészeti Múzeum [online]. Accessed October 2017, http://www.szepmuveszeti.hu/adatlap_eng/q_class_highlightedtext_salvator_10359

Master of the Mansi Magdalen, c. 1510–1530. “Salvator Mundi in a Landscape”. Philadelphia Museum of Art [online]. Accessed October 2017, http://www.philamuseum.org/collections/permanent/102160.html

McNamee, M. B., 1998. Vested Angels: Eucharistic Allusions in Early Netherlandish Paintings. Leuven: Peeters.

Memling, Hans, 1480. “Christ Surrounded by Musician Angels”. Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten, Antwerp [online]. Accessed October 2017, http://www.kmska.be/en/collectie/highlights/Christus_engelen.html

Michael, M. A., 2014. “The Bible Moralisée, the Golden Legend and the Salvator Mundi: Observations on the Iconography of the Westminster Retable”, Antiquaries Journal 94: 93–125.

Moreno, P. and C. Stefani, 2000. The Borghese Gallery. Milan: Touring Club Italiano.

Polack, Jan, c. 1500. “Christus als Salvator Mundi”. Rau Collection for UNICEF, Arp Museum, Remagen [online]. Accessed October 2017, https://tinyurl.com/id-218Jan

Previtali, Andrea, 1519. “Salvator Mundi”. National Gallery, London [online]. Accessed October 2017, https://www.nationalgallery.org.uk/paintings/andrea-previtali-salvator-mundi

Randles, W. G. L., 1990. “The Evaluation of Columbus’ ‘India’ Project by Portuguese and Spanish Cosmographers in the Light of the Geographical Science of the Period”. Imago Mundi 42: 50–64.

Reni, Guido (after) (seventeenth century), “Salvator Mundi” [online]. Accessed October 2017, http://www.wikigallery.org/wiki/painting_283958/(after)-Guido-Reni/Salvator-Mundi

Sáenz-Lopéz Pérez, S., 2013. “El mundo como una manzana en la palma de la mano: el pomo y su relación con la cartografía medieval”. Anales de Historia del Arte 23 (2): 537–549.

“Salvator Mundi - Christus mit der Weltkugel”, 1537–1545. Deutshes Historisches Museum, Berlin [online]. Accessed October 2017, http://www.dhm.de/datenbank/dhm.php?seite=5&fld_0=K1000720

Shanks, M. H., 2003. “Rings in a Fluid Heaven: The Equatorium-driven Physical Astronomy of Guido de Marchia (fl. 1292-1310)”. Centaurus 45: 175–203.

Starnina, Gherardo, 1404–1407. “Christus als Salvator Mundi”. Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main [online]. Accessed October 2017, https://sammlung.staedelmuseum.de/de/werk/christus-als-salvator-mundi-2

Teixidor, Pere, 1420–1430. “Saviour”. Museu Nacional d’Art de Catalunya, Barcelona [online]. Accessed October 2017, http://www.museunacional.cat/en/colleccio/saviour/pere-teixidor/004505-000

Veronese, Paolo, 1574. “Votive Portrait of Doge Sebastiano Venier”. Palazzo Ducale, Venice [online]. Accessed October 2017, https://www.wga.hu/frames-e.html?/html/v/veronese/08/collegio/4wall1.html

Vogel, K. A., 1995. “Sphaera terrae: Das mittelalterliche Bild der Erde und die kosmographische Revolution“. Phil. Diss., University of Göttingen.

Vos, Maerten de, c. 1580. “Salvator Mundi”. Privately owned [online]. Accessed October 2017, https://media.mutualart.com/Images/2016_06/03/14/143411671/9031c19b-2897-4c01-b5e1-3eefa7e55cb4_570.Jpeg

Wüthrich, M. D., 2015. Raum Gottes. Ein systematisch-theologischer Versuch, Raum zu denken. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht. https://doi.org/10.13109/9783666564123

Published

2018-01-24

How to Cite

Rappenglück, B. (2018). The Globe of the Salvator Mundi between Cosmography and Theology. Journal of Skyscape Archaeology, 3(2), 224–235. https://doi.org/10.1558/jsa.34688

Issue

Section

Theory & Method

Most read articles by the same author(s)