Journal of Applied Linguistics and Professional Practice 2020-11-27T23:09:39+00:00 Srikant Sarangi Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Editor</strong> </p> <p><a href="">Srikant Sarangi</a>, Aalborg University, Denmark</p> <p>This journal has the distinct aim of advancing research and practice in applied linguistics as a principled and interdisciplinary endeavour, reflexively foregrounding applied linguistics as professional practice and reflecting the continuation, expansion and re-specification of the field of applied linguistics as originally conceived. Language teaching/learning, second language acquisition, and the education profession remain important in the journal's remit but not exclusively so, with an active engagement of the journal moving to sites from a variety of other professional domains such as law, healthcare, counselling, journalism, business interpreting and translating, where applied linguists have major contributions to make. </p> Stability and hybridity in refugee legal advice meetings 2020-11-24T10:50:36+00:00 Judith Reynolds <p>This article offers new insights into the discursive structuring of legal advice communication. Drawing on interactional data from eight legal advice meetings between one immigration lawyer and several different clients concerning the reunification of refugee families, the article employs communicative activity type (CAT) as a meso-level analytical approach to reveal the dynamically structured discursive organisation of these meetings. I show that whilst the stable discursive structure of the legal advice meeting evident in these data broadly confirms existing pedagogic models of legal advice communication, three different kinds of hybridity are also evident, revealing flexible use of the discursive structure in everyday practice. I also show that this stable but flexible discursive structure functions as a resource to support intercultural communication in this immigration advice context. This finding contrasts with analyses of intercultural communication in institutional gatekeeping interactions, which have argued that discursive structure functions as a barrier. The present study demonstrates the importance in discourse analysis of considering the purpose of an intercultural interaction when interpreting the meanings and functions of hybridity in discursive structure. The CAT analysis enhances our understanding of existing legal advice communication research, and functions as a heuristic for viewing legal advice as a form of institutionally grounded intercultural communication.</p> 2020-11-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd. EFL teachers’ beliefs about professionalism and professional development 2020-11-24T10:12:55+00:00 Sawsan al-Bakri Salah Troudi <p>This study explores how English as a Foreign Language (EFL) teachers’ perspectives on professionalism and beliefs about the usefulness of professional development (PD) activities influence their teaching practices and acceptance of new approaches. The focus is on tertiary English-language teachers working in Oman, and an exploratory research methodology was employed in which qualitative data were obtained from two focus group interviews with two groups of six teachers. The first group, which was asked about the meaning of professionalism, indicated that while a variety of aspects were of concern, there was a shared belief that professionalism is mainly related to moral values, which should be context sensitive. The second group, which was asked about PD, indicated that teachers’ engagement with PD activities is mainly related to context-specific skills improvement activities, and that the main obstacle to PD is a lack of institutional support. The research thus contributes to the study of Englishlanguage teachers’ own perspectives on professionalism, a topic which has previously received only limited attention.</p> 2020-11-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Interactive and ideological dimensions of receptive multilingualism in Luxembourg workplaces 2020-11-24T10:25:19+00:00 Anne Franziskus Julia de Bres <p>This article investigates the use and perception of receptive multilingualism (RM) as an everyday multilingual practice in linguistically diverse workplaces in Luxembourg. RM refers to speakers each using a different language to speak to each other, while understanding the language used by the other speaker. Previous research has identified this practice as most likely to occur among typologically related languages, in specific contexts and in circumstances of explicit language negotiation. Our data, comprising spontaneous workplace interactions and interviews with cross-border workers at a range of workplaces in Luxembourg, broadens this picture to show RM being used between speakers of quite different language varieties, in a wide range of workplace contexts and for a variety of relational and transactional purposes. Using a dual analytical approach combining interactional sociolinguistics and language ideology analysis, we investigate both interactional characteristics and ideological constructions of RM, and consider the relative influence of linguistic and extralinguistic factors on this everyday multilingual practice at work.</p> 2020-11-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Educational doctoring 2020-11-24T10:34:32+00:00 Søren Beck Nielsen <p>The notion of informedness plays a significant role in several modern healthcare models, and many studies argue that informed patients accomplish better health outcomes. Drawing on audio-visual recordings of general practice consultations in Denmark, this paper uses conversation analysis to examine cases where doctors elaborate diagnoses with anatomy explanations; that is, where they provide patients with details about the structure of internal body parts and biological processes in order for patients to fully comprehend their diagnosis and its implications for treatment options. The study focuses on two cases, one involving explaining to a patient the ligaments in the knee and other the lymph nodes in the upper tract region. The analysis shows how the doctors manage to compensate for patients’ lack of visual access to these regions by integrating the explanations with a series of haptic touches and depictive gestures. I conclude by suggesting that anatomy explanations are discussed as measures not only to adhere to modern healthcare ideals that forefront the need to inform patients, but also to accomplish significant local actions such as to assure patients and have them appreciate a wait-and-see treatment plan.</p> 2020-11-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Teaching practicum and the development of professional and pedagogical knowledge 2020-11-24T10:42:16+00:00 Minerva Rosas Verónica Ormeño Cristian Ruiz-Aguilar <p>To assess the progressive teaching practicums included in an English Teaching Programme at a Chilean university, 60 former student-teachers answered a questionnaire with both Likert-scale and open-ended questions. The issues assessed included the relationship between the progressive teaching practicums and the curriculum’s modules and sequence, and the skills developed while implementing innovation projects during the student-teachers’ two final practicums. Quantitative and qualitative data analyses allowed us to identify both strengths and weaknesses. The participants highlighted strengths in the areas of teaching strategies, critical thinking skills and professional and pedagogical knowledge. Among the weaknesses, they identified limited supervision and feedback, and diverging views on teaching education between the university and the schools as the most difficult to deal with. These findings may be useful for introducing improvements in Initial Teacher Education aimed at reducing problems and discrepancies and devising suitable induction processes.</p> 2020-11-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd.