Positioning Identity in Clinical Interviews with People who Stutter

Authors

  • Jackie Guendouzi Southeastern Louisiana University
  • Mandy J. Williams The University of South Dakota

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1558/cam.v7i2.119

Keywords:

ethnographic interview, stuttering, fluency, identity, discursive psychology, positioning

Abstract

Clinicians often rely on ethnographic interviews to make judgments about the effect of stuttering on the lives of people who stutter. This form of interview aids the clinician in assessing specific dimensions of the client’s life (e.g. career choice, education etc) that might be impacted by dysfluency. Further, the information gathered from ethnographic interviews is used to make professional judgments relating to the client’s personality type and behavioral traits. This study used methods associated with discursive psychology to examine data taken from two ethnographic interviews between a clinician and two people who stuttered. The interviews were semi-structured and used probe questions to elicit the participants’ viewpoints about the effects of stuttering on their lives. Data taken from the interviews were then examined to investigate the subject positions participants discursively aligned to within their accounts. We discuss the implications of making clinical judgments regarding a client’s identity from such interviews.

Author Biographies

Jackie Guendouzi, Southeastern Louisiana University

Jackie Guendouzi is a clinical linguist and full professor at Southeastern Louisiana University. Her research has been in the area of discourse analysis and clinical disorders. She has published in the area of discourse analysis examining both normal and clinical populations. Her most recent publication is The Handbook of Psycholinguistics and Cognitive Processing: Perspectives in Communication Disorders (2010, Psychology Press). Address for correspondence: Communication Sciences & Disorders, SLU box 10879, Hammond, La 70401, USA

Mandy J. Williams, The University of South Dakota

Mandy J. Williams is a speech pathologist and assistant professor at the University of South Dakota. Her area of research interest is fluency and adult communication disorders. Her most recent publication is The Handbook of Psycholinguistics and Cognitive Processing: Perspectives in Communication Disorders (2010, Psychology Press). Address for correspondence: Department of Communication Disorders, University of South Dakota, 414. E Clark St., Vermillion, SD 57069, USA

Published

2011-04-01

How to Cite

Guendouzi, J., & Williams, M. J. (2011). Positioning Identity in Clinical Interviews with People who Stutter. Communication and Medicine, 7(2), 119–129. https://doi.org/10.1558/cam.v7i2.119

Issue

Section

Articles