From culture to (un)shared concept

networking literal, cross-cultural, and conceptual aspects in the CEDU

Authors

  • Cuilian Zhao Sichuan International Studies University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1558/lexi.21368

Keywords:

bilingual lexicography, cross-cultural representation, conceptual representation, cognition, CEDU

Abstract

Two theoretical constructs (the bilingual mental lexicon and the depth of processing framework) and the Whorfian hypothesis of linguistic determinism plus related concepts (differentiation, codability, and Zift’s law) are incorporated into a framework in this paper to account for the representation of (cross-)cultural information in bilingual lexicography. After briefly introducing the theoretical framework, the paper goes on to discuss the representation of literal, conceptual, and cross-cultural aspects in the Chinese–English Dictionary (Unabridged) (henceforth the CEDU) in three sections: making explicit the implicit literal or etymological information to account for senses in use; acculturating expressions, definitions, and illustrative examples; and cultural immersion in exemplification appealing to both refined and popular tastes. Each section encompasses multilevel factors in the treatment of bilingual entries with a focus on (cross-) cultural representations.

Author Biography

Cuilian Zhao, Sichuan International Studies University

Zhao Cuilian, PhD, is professor of English at Sichwuan International Studies University, Chongqing, China. She has taught at other institutions of higher learning, including Fudan University. Her research interests include lexicography, psycholinguistics, and stylistics. She has published two monographs and thirty-something papers in journals such as Foreign Language Teaching and Research and Foreign Languages. She is a practitioner of dictionary-making, having participated in a number of dictionary projects with renowned publishers and compiled or bilingualized more than 16 dictionaries.

References

Austin, J. L. (1975). How to Do Things with Words. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Brown, R. (1958). Words and Things. Glencoe, IL: Free Press.

Carroll, D. W. (2008). Psychology of Language (5th ed.). Belmont, CA: Thomson Wadsworth.

Carroll, J. B. Ed. (1956). Language, Thought, and Reality – Selected Writings of Benjamin Lee Whorf. MIT: J Wiley.

Craik, F. and Lockhart, R. S. (1972). Levels of processing: A framework for memory research. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 11, 671–684. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-5371(72)80001-X

De Groot, A. M. B. and Comijs, H. (1995). Translation recognition and translation production: Comparing a new and an old tool in the study of bilingualism. Language Learning, 45, 467–509. https://psycnet.apa.org/doi/10.1111/j.1467-1770.1995.tb00449.x

Dictionary Editorial Office of the Institute of Language Research, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (2016). Contemporary Chinese Dictionary (7th edition). Beijing: Commercial Press.

Firth, J. R. (1957). Papers in Linguistics. London: Oxford University Press.

Grice, H. P. (1975). Logic and conversation. In P. Cole and J. Morgan (Eds.) Studies in Syntax and Semantics III: Speech Acts (pp. 183–198). New York: Academic Press.

Hockett, C. F. (1954). Chinese versus English: An exploration of the Whorfian theses. In H. Hoijer (Ed.), Language in Culture (pp. 106–123). Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Lu, G. S. (2012). Flying over and arriving. In He G. Q. (Ed.), Translation Teaching and Research (Vol. 2, p. 1). Shanghai: Fudan University Press.

Lu, G. S., Zhao, C. L., Wan, J. B. et al. (Eds). (2015). The Chinese–English Dictionary (Unabridged) (Vol. I). Shanghai: Fudan University Press.

Szerszunowicz, J. (2015). Lacunarity, lexicography and beyond: Integration of the introduction of a linguo-cultural concept and the development of L2 learners’ dictionary skills. Lexicography ASIALEX, 2, 101–118. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40607-015-0015-6

Wittgenstein, L. (1953). Philosophical Investigations. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

Published

2021-12-17

How to Cite

Zhao, C. . (2021). From culture to (un)shared concept: networking literal, cross-cultural, and conceptual aspects in the CEDU. Lexicography: Journal of ASIALEX, 8(2), 130–148. https://doi.org/10.1558/lexi.21368

Issue

Section

Article