Body Building in the Hindu Tantric Tradition
The Advantages and Confusions of Scriptural Entextualization in the Worship of the Goddess K?l?”
Keywords:Bengal, bhakti, entextualization, Hindu goddesses, Kali, kundalini yoga, Syama Sangit, Tantra
This article investigates what happens when Tantra, a Hindu esoteric system that is based on the interpretation of the human being as a living, ritualized embodiment of scripture, becomes exotericized through a devotional framework. Building upon the work of Gavin Flood, who coins the term “entextualization” to refer to the way a textual tradition is “written upon” or divinizes the human body, we chart the changes in the medieval Sanskrit Tantric tradition of internalizing the Hindu goddess K?l? when it is taken up by eighteenth-century Bengali devotional poets. What is lost when the esoteric comes out into the open?
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