Towards an Agenda for Ecological Theology

An Intercontinental Dialogue


  • Ernst M. Conradie University of the Western Cape



environmental crisis, ecological theology, earthkeeping, environmental ethics, eschatology


This contribution to outline an agenda for (Christian) ecological theology includes a position paper from Ernst Conradie (Part 1). Responses to this position paper from Sigurd Bergmann, Robert Borrong, Steve Bouma-Prediger, Celia Deane-Drummond, Denis Edwards, William Everett, David Field, Samson Gitau, Jesse Mugambi and Peter Scott, form Part 2. There is also a rejoinder by Ernst Conradie. The paper identifies a number of issues that an ecological theology has to address in the fields of ethics and systematic theology (only). It calls for a proper theological rationale for Christian earthkeeping and seeks to avoid theological reductionism.
Responses to this paper were invited from a somewhat random group of friends, colleagues and associates from all around the world. A rejoinder that offers a reply to these responses concludes this contribution.

Author Biography

Ernst M. Conradie, University of the Western Cape

Associate Professor, Department of Religion and Theology, University of the Western Cape, Private Bag X17, Bellville 7535, South Africa


Part 1: Reformed Perspectives from the South African Context on an Agenda for Ecological Theology, by Ernst M. Conradie

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Part 2: A Response from Norway

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Part 2: A Response from Australia

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Part 2: Ecological Theologies as Contextual and Reforming Theologies

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Young, R.A. 1994 Healing the Earth: A Theocentric Perspective on Environmental Problems and their Solutions (Nashville: Broadman & Holman).

Part 2: Ecological Theology: Discerning God’s Life in ‘Our’ Life

Scott, P. 2003 A Political Theology of Nature (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

A Rejoinder

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Conradie, E.M., et al. 2001 ‘The Struggle for Eco-justice in the South African Context’, in Hessel and Rasmussen (eds.) 2001: 135-58.

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Field, D.N. 2001 ‘The Gospel, the Church and the Earth: Reflections on an Ecological Ecclesiology’, Journal of Theology for Southern Africa 111: 67-79.

Gitau, S.K. 2000 The Environmental Crisis: A Challenge for African Christians (Nairobi: Acton Publishers).

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Mugambi, J.N.K. 1995 From Liberation to Reconstruction: African Christian Theology after the Cold War (Nairobi: East African Educational Publishers).

Speckman, M.T., and L.T. Kaufman (eds.) 2001 Towards an Agenda for Contextual Theology: Essays in Honour of Albert Nolan (Pietermaritzburg: Cluster Publications).

Tracy, D.W. 1989 ‘The Uneasy Alliance Reconceived: Catholic Theological Method, Modernity, and Postmodernity’, Theological Studies 50: 548-70.

White, L. 1967 ‘The Historical Roots of our Ecological Crisis’, Science 155: 1203-1207.



How to Cite

Conradie, E. M. (2005). Towards an Agenda for Ecological Theology: An Intercontinental Dialogue. Journal for the Study of Religion, Nature and Culture, 10(3), 281–343.