Gender, Land, and Place

Considering Gender within Land-Based and Place-Based Learning


  • Tasha Spillett University of Saskatchewan



Indigenous, land-based, place-based, education, gender


Considering how gender operates within land-based and place-based learning is critical as both human and more-than-human relations and relationships have been heavily shaped and regulated by settler colonialism and settler heteropatriarchy. The deterioration of Indigenous notions of gender and the forceful colonial imposition of a Western gender binary has served to fracture Indigenous peoples' relationships with Land. 

Author Biography

Tasha Spillett, University of Saskatchewan

PhD Candidate

University of Saskatchewan

Vanier Canada Scholar 


Arvin, Maile, Eve Tuck, and Angie Morrill. 2013. ‘Decolonizing Feminism: Challenging Connections between Settler Colonialism and Heteropatriarchy’, Feminist Formations 25.1: 8-34. Doi:

Bang, Megan. 2015. ‘Culture, Learning, and Development and the Natural World: The In?uences of Situative Perspectives’, Educational Psychologist 50.3: 220-33. Doi

Blenkinsop, Sean, Laura Piersol, and Michael De Danann Sitka-Sage. 2017. ‘Boys Being Boys: Eco-Double Consciousness, Splash Violence, and Environmental Education’, The Journal of Environmental Education 49.4: 350-56. Doi:

Butler, Judith. 1993. Bodies That Matter: On the Discursive Limits of Sex (London: Routledge).

Chilisa, Bagele. 2012. Indigenous Research Methodologies (Los Angeles: Sage Publications).

Cole, Peter. 2016. ‘Land and Language: Translating Aboriginal Cultures’, Canadian Journal of Environmental Education 7.1: 67-85.

Collins, P. 2000. Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Conciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment (New York: Routledge).

Crenshaw, Kimberle. 1991. ‘Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence Against Women of Color’, Stanford Law Review 43.6: 1241-99. Doi:

Driskill, Qwo-Li. 2004. ‘Stolen from our Bodies: First Nations Two-Spirits/Queers and the Journey to a Sovereign Erotic’, Studies in American Indian Literatures 16.2: 50-64. Doi:

Driskill, Qwo-Li. 2010. ‘Doubleweaving Two-Spirit Critiques: Building Alliances between Native and Queer Studies’, GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies 16.1-2: 69-92. Doi:

Driskill, Qwo-Li. 2015. ‘Insurrections: Indigenous Sexualities, Genders and Decolonial Resistance’, Journal of Global Indigeneity 1.1: 67-78. Doi:

Gaard, Greta. 1993. ‘Living Interconnections with Animals and Nature’, in Greta Gaard (ed.), Ecofeminism (Philadelphia: Temple University Press): 1-12.

Goeman, Mishuana. 2013. ‘“Remember What You Are”: Gendering Citizenship, the Indian Act. and (Re)mapping the Settler-Nation-State’, in Mark my Words: Native Women Mapping our Nations (Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press): 41-86. Doi:

Gough, Annette. 1999. ‘Recognising Women in Environmental Education Pedagogy and Research: Toward an Ecofeminist Poststructuralist Perspective’, Environmental Education Research 5.2: 143-61. Doi:

Gough, Annette, and Hilary Whitehouse. 2018. ‘New Vintages and New Bottles: The “Nature” of Environmental Education from New Material Feminist and Ecofeminist Viewpoints’, The Journal of Environmental Education 49.4: 336-49. Doi:

Gough, Noel. 1990. ‘Healing the Earth within Us: Environmental Education and Cultural Criticism’, Journal of Experiential Education 13.3: 1-17. Doi:

Gray, Tonia. 2016. ‘The “F” Word: Feminism in Outdoor Education’, Journal of Outdoor and Environmental Education 19.2: 25-41. Doi:

Green, Joyce. 2007. ‘Taking Account for Aboriginal Feminism’, in Joyce Green (ed.), Making Space for Indigenous Feminism (Winnpeg, MB: Fernwood Publishing): 20-32.

Gruen, Lori. 1993. ‘Dismantling Oppression: An Analysis of the Connection between Women and Animals’, in Greta Gaard (ed.), Ecofeminsim: Women, Animals, Nature (Philadelphia: Temple University Press): 13-59.

Hall, Laura. 2017. ‘Indigenist Intersectionality: Decolonizing an Indigenous Eco-queer Feminism and Anarchism’, Perspectives On Anarchist Theory 29: 81-93.

‘Indigenous Peoples at the UN’. n.d. Online:

Kermoal, Nathalie J., and Isabel Altamirano-Jiménez. 2016. Living on the Land: Indigenous Women’s Understanding of Place (Edmonton, AB: AU Press). Doi:

Lloro-Bidart, T. 2018. ‘An Ecofeminist Account of Cyberbullying: Implications for Environmental and Social Justice Scholar-Educator-Activists’, The Journal of Environmental Education 49.4: 1-10. Doi:

Lowan, Greg. 2009. ‘Exploring Place from an Aboriginal Perspective: Considerations for Outdoor and Environmental Education’, Canadian Journal of Environmental Education 14: 42-58.

Martin, Karen, and Booran Mirraboopa. 2003. ‘Ways of Knowing, Being and Doing: A Theoretical Framework and Methods for Indigenous and Indigenist Re?search’, Journal of Australian Studies 27.76: 203-14. Doi:

Meyer, Manulani Aluli. 2008. ‘Indigenous and Authentic: Hawaiian Epistemology and the Triangluation of Meaning’, in Norman Denzin, Yvonna Lincoln, and Linda Tuhiwai (eds.), Handbook for Critical Indigenous Methodologies (London: SAGE): 217-32.

Mitten, Denise, Tonia Gray, Sandy Allan-Craig, T.A. Loef?er, and Cathryn Carpenter. 2017. ‘The Invisibility Cloak: Women’s Contributions to Outdoor and Environmental Education’, Journal of Environmental Education 49.4: 1-9. Doi:

Newbery, Liz. 2003. ‘Will Any/Body Carry that Canoe? A Geography of the Body, Ability, and Gender’, Canadian Journal of Environmental Education 8.1: 204-16.

Panelli, R. 2010. ‘More-than-Human Social Geographies: Posthuman and Other Possibilities’, Human Geography 34.1: 79-87. Doi:

Plumwood, Val. 1993. Feminism and the Mastery of Nature (London: Routledge).

Roach, Catherine. 1991. ‘Loving your Mother: On the Woman–Nature Relation’, Hypatia 6.1: 46-59. Doi:

Russel, C., A. Gough, and H. Whitehouse. 2018. ‘Gender and Environmental Education in the Time of #MeToo’, The Journal of Environmental Education 49.4: 1-4. Doi:

Sheppard, M., and J. Mayo. 2013. ‘The Social Construction of Gender and Sexuality: Learning from Two Spirit Traditions’, The Journal of Social Studies 104.6: 259-70. Doi:

Sheridan, Joe, and Roronhiakewen ‘He Clears the Sky’ Dan Longboat. 2014. ‘Walking Back into Creation: Environmental Apartheid and the Eternal—Initiating an Indigenous Mind Claim’, Space and Culture 17.3: 308-24. Doi:

Simpson, Leanne. 2014. ‘Land as Pedagogy: Nishnaabeg Intelligence and Rebellious Transformation’, Decolonization: Indigeneity, Education & Society 3.3: 1-25.

Simpson, Leanne. 2017. As We Have Always Done: Indigenous Freedom through Radical Resistance (Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press). Doi:

Smith, Kristin. 2013. ‘Decolonizing Queer Pedagogy’, Affilia: Journal of Women and Social Work 28.4: 468-70. Doi:

St. Denis, Verna. 2007. ‘Feminism Is for Everybody: Aboriginal Women, Feminism, and Diversity’, in J. Green (ed.), Making Space for Indigenous Feminism (Winnipeg: Fernwood Publishing): 33-52.

Styres, Sandra. 2008. ‘Relationships: An Indigenous Transnational Research Paradigm’, Canadian Journal of Native Education 31.1: 293-310. Doi:

Styres, Sandra. 2018. ‘Literacies on the Land’, in L.T. Smith, E. Tuck, and K.W. Yang (eds.), Indigenous and Decolonizing Studies in Education: Mapping the Long View (New York: Routledge): 24-37.

Tallbear, K. 2017. ‘Beyond the Life/Not-Life Binary: A Feminist-Indigenous Reading of Cryopreservation, Interspecies Thinking, and the New Materialisms’, in J. Radin and E. Kowal (eds.), Cryopolitics: Frozen Life in a Melting World (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press).

Tuck, Eve, and K. Wayne Yang. 2012. ‘Decolonization Is not a Methaphor’, Deconilization: Indigeniety, Education & Society 1.1: 1-40.

Warren, Karen. 2000. ‘Nature Is a Feminist Issue’, in Ecofeminist Philosophy: A Western Perspective on What It is and Why It Matters (Oxford: Rowman & Littlefield): 1-19.

Wesley, Dana. 2015. ‘Reimagining Two-spirit Community: Critically Centering Narratives of Urban Two-spirit Youth’ (Master’s thesis, Kingston, ON).

Wildcat, M., M. McDonald, S. Irlbacher-Fox, and G. Coulthard. 2014. ‘Learning from the Land: Indigenous Land Based Pedagogy and Decolonization’, Decolonization: Indigeneity, Education & Society 3.3: 1-25.

Wilson, Alex. 1996. ‘How We Find Ourselves: Identity Development and Two-spirit People’, Harvard Educational Review 66.2: 304-17. Doi:

Wilson, Alex. 2008. ‘N’tacimowin inna nah’: Our Coming in Stories’, Canadian Woman Studies 26.3-4: 193-99.

Wilson, Alex. 2018. ‘Queering Indigenous Education’, in L.T. Smith, E. Tuck, and K.W. Yang (eds.), Indigenous and Decolonizing Studies in Education: Mapping the Long View (New York: Routledge): 131-45. Doi:

Wilson, Shawn. 2008. Research is Ceremony: Indigenous Research Methods (Winnipeg: Fernwood Publishing).



How to Cite

Spillett, T. (2021). Gender, Land, and Place: Considering Gender within Land-Based and Place-Based Learning. Journal for the Study of Religion, Nature and Culture, 15(1), 11–31.



Special Issue: Engendering Nature