Is the Medium the Message?

A Consideration of Whether the Internet Can be Used Effectively for Astrological Consultations


  • Frances Clynes University of Wales Trinity Saint David



Astrology, Internet, consultation, Marshall McLuhan, online religion


While a large body of literature exists on the practice and validity of online religious activity and rituals, to date no literature exists investigating the validity of the online astrological consultation and whether or not the medium of the Internet can in?uence the connection between astrologer and client. My initial qualitative research with sixty-?ve astrologers, conducted between 2012 and 2014, revealed that over sixty percent of astrologers use the Internet for astrological consultations with clients. Taking this number as my dataset, my aim was then to investigate whether, when astrologers conducted consultations for clients online, the chart continued to have agency in creating a meaningful consultation space. My results showed that the online medium did not impact on the message or content of the consultation and thatas in face-to-face astrological consultations, the effectiveness and validity of the consultation was independent of the media used to hold it.

Author Biography

Frances Clynes, University of Wales Trinity Saint David

Frances Clynes, Sophia Centre for the Study of Cosmology in Culture, Faculty of Humanities and Performing Arts, University of Wales Trinity Saint David, Lampeter, Ceredigion, Wales.


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How to Cite

Clynes, F. (2019). Is the Medium the Message? A Consideration of Whether the Internet Can be Used Effectively for Astrological Consultations. Journal for the Study of Religion, Nature and Culture, 13(1), 77–95.