The Tombstone of Sultan Oways Jalayeri and its Inscription


  • Amin Moradi Otto-Friedrich-Universität Bamberg



Jalayirid Sultanate, Sultan Oways Jalayeri, medieval cemetery, tombstone


The village of Shad-abad, located at the foot of Sahand Mountain in the south of Tabriz, East Azerbaijan Province, Iran, is known for the impressive Medieval cemetery in which the tomb of Sultan Oways ibn Hasan ibn Hosayn ibn Aqbuqa ibn Ilka ibn Jalayer (1338–1374 CE), the second ruler of the Jalayirid dynasty (1335–1432 CE), is located. This tombstone is of particular importance as no other gravestones of Jalayirid Sultans or their predecessors have otherwise been documented. This research limits itself to studying Sultan Oways' tombstone by focusing on its content and layout in contribution to further future research. Observations suggest that the scheme of the rectangular headstone in Sultan Oways’ tombstone is derived from funerary art associated with stone works in neighboring Caucasia that are replicated in local cemeteries in eastern Anatolia and Northwest Iran, in combination with an oblong horizontal footstone.

Author Biography

  • Amin Moradi, Otto-Friedrich-Universität Bamberg

    Amin Moradi is an archaeologist with an academic and professional specialization in Mongol architecture. As an Alexander von Humboldt postdoctoral researcher at Otto-Friedrich-Universität Bamberg, he is currently working on his research project on rock-cut architecture in Ilkhanid Iran.


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How to Cite

Moradi, A. (2023). The Tombstone of Sultan Oways Jalayeri and its Inscription. Journal of Islamic Archaeology, 10(1), 63-81.