Bronze Age Arrows from Norwegian Alpine Snow Patches


  • Martin Eugene Callanan Norwegian University of Science and Technology



Snow patch archaeology; bow and arrow; Norway; Bronze Age; reindeer hunting, snow patch archaeology, bow and arrow, Norway, Bronze Age, reindeer hunting


The number of archaeological finds recovered from alpine snow patches in central Norway has increased dramatically during the last decade. In this article, eight Bronze Age (1800–500 B.C.) arrows are presented in detail. The arrows are of great interest to our understanding of Bronze Age archery in general. The finds include two arrows with projectiles made from the freshwater mussel Margaritifera margaritifera, as well as two reindeer antler arrows. These finds are further evidence of the fact that artifacts emerging from melting snow patches in central Norway are getting steadily older. Some contextual observations specific to snow patch sites in a reduced state due to extreme melting are also highlighted.

Author Biography

Martin Eugene Callanan, Norwegian University of Science and Technology

Martin Callanan has studied archaeology at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology NTNU in Trondheim and at the Universidad de Granada, Spain. He is a present a research fellow at the (NTNU) preparing a Ph.D. thesis with the provisional title “Glacial Archaeology from Central Norway”. Callanan was the main organizer of the Frozen Pasts conference in Trondheim in 2010, and is a member of the Norwegian SPARC (Snow Patch Archaeology Research Cooperation) project. Recent publications include Northern Snow Patches (2010) and Central Norwegian Snow Patch Archaeology. Patterns Past and Present (2012).


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How to Cite

Callanan, M. E. (2014). Bronze Age Arrows from Norwegian Alpine Snow Patches. Journal of Glacial Archaeology, 1, 25–49.




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