Homines Emotionales and Religion as an Evolutionary Exaptation

A Response to Leonardo Ambasciano

Authors

  • Anders Klostergaard Petersen Aarhus University
  • Jonathan H. Turner University of California
  • Armin W. Geertz Aarhus University
  • Alexandra Maryanski University of California

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1558/jch.19353

Keywords:

Neurosociology, Emotions, Evolution, Religion, History

Abstract

This article offers a critical reply to Leonardo Ambasciano’s commentary on our volume (Turner et al. 2018) available in this same issue of the Journal of Cognitive Historiography.

Author Biographies

Anders Klostergaard Petersen, Aarhus University

Anders Klostergaard Petersen is Professor at the Department for the Study of Religion at Aarhus University, Denmark. He has published extensively in the fields of Late Second Temple Judaism and Early Christianity, and on methodological and theoretical questions pertaining to the overall study of religion and culture. He is currently involved in projects on biocultural evolution with a special focus on the history of religion.

Jonathan H. Turner, University of California

Jonathan H. Turner is 38th University Professor, University of California System, Research Professor, University of California, Santa Barbara, USA and Distinguished Professor of the Graduate Division, University of California, Riverside, USA. He is also Director of the Institute for Theoretical Social Science, Santa Barbara, USA.

Armin W. Geertz, Aarhus University

Armin W. Geertz is Professor in the History of Religions at the Department for the Study of Religion, and Former Jens Christian Skou Fellow at the Aarhus Institute of Advanced Studies, Aarhus University, Denmark. His publications include the cognitive science of religion and biocultural approaches to religion.

Alexandra Maryanski, University of California

Alexandra Maryanski is Professor of Sociology at the University of California, Riverside, USA.

References

Boyd, R., and P. J. Richerson. 2005. The Origin and Evolution of Cultures. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Coyne, J. A. 2009. Why Evolution Is True. New York: Oxford University Press.

Enard, W. 2016. “The Molecular Basis of Human Brain Evolution,” Current Biology 26(20): R1109–R1117. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2016.09.030 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2016.09.030

Geertz, A. W. forthcoming. “Introduction to Cultural Evolution.” In Routledge Handbook of Evolutionary Approaches to Religion, eds. Y. Lior and J. Lane. London and New York: Routledge.

Henrich, J. 2016. The Secret of Our Success: How Culture Is Driving Human Evolution, Domesticating Our Species, and Making Us Smarter. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/9781400873296

Hiesinger, P. R., and B. A. Hassan. 2018. “The Evolution of Variability and Robustness in Neural Development.” Trends in Neurosciences 41(9): 577–86. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tins.2018.05.007 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tins.2018.05.007

Huxley, J. 1942. Evolution: The Modern Synthesis. London, Allen & Unwin.

Jablonka, E., and M. J. Lamb. 2005. Evolution in Four Dimensions. Genetic, Epigenetic, Behavioral, and Symbolic Variation in the History of Life. Cambridge, MA, and London: The MIT Press.

Laland, K. 2017. Darwin’s Unfinished Cathedral: How Culture Made the Human Mind. Princeton, Princeton and Oxford: University Press. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/9781400884872

Loewe, L., and W. G. Hill. 2010. “The Population Genetics of Mutations: Good, Bad and Indifferent,” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 365(1544): 1153–67. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2009.0317 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2009.0317

Maryanski, A. 2019. Émile Durkheim and the Birth of the Gods: Clans, Incest, Totems, Phratries, Hordes, Mana, Taboos, Corroborees, Sodalities, Menstrual Blood, Apes, Churingas, Cairns, and Other Mysterious Things. London and New York: Routledge. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4324/9780429503993

Mayr, E. W. 1942. Systematics and the Origin of Species. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Mayr, E. W. 2002. What Evolution Is. London: Weidenfeld and Nicholson.

Pigliucci, M., and Müller, G. B. 2010a. “Elements of an Extended Evolutionary Synthesis.” In Evolution –The Extended Synthesis, eds. M. Pigliucci and G. B. Müller, 3–17. Cambridge, MA and London: MIT Press. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7551/mitpress/9780262513678.003.0001

Pigliucci, M. and Müller, G. B. (Eds.). 2010b. Evolution –The Extended Synthesis. Cambridge, MA and London: MIT Press. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7551/mitpress/9780262513678.001.0001

Preuss, T. M. 2012. “Human Brain Evolution: From Gene Discovery to Phenotype Discovery.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109(suppl 1): 10709–16. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1201894109 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1201894109

Rappaport, Roy R. 1999. Ritual and Religion in the Making of Humanity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511814686

Richerson, P. J., and R. Boyd. 2005. Not by Genes Alone. How Human Culture Transformed Human Evolution. Chicago and London: The Chicago University Press. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226712130.001.0001

Shariff, A. Z., B. G. Purzycki, and R. Sosis. 2014. “Religions as Cultural Solutions to Social Living.” In Culture Reexamined: Broadening Our Understanding of Social and Evolutionary Influences, ed. A. B. Cohen, 217–238. Washington D.C.: American Psychological Association. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/14274-008

Silver, D. L. et al. 2019. “Evolution and Ontogenetic Development of Cortical Structures.” In The Neocortex, eds. W. Singer, T. J. Sejnowski and P. Rakic, 61–93. Cambridge, MA, and London: MIT Press.

Tomasello, M. 2019. Becoming Human: A Theory of Ontogeny. Cambridge, MA: The Bellknap Press of Harvard University Press. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4159/9780674988651

Turner, J. H., and A. W. Geertz. forthcoming. “The Dynamics of Institutional Religion and the Evolution of Religion.” In Routledge Handbook of Evolutionary Approaches to Religion, eds. Y. Lior and J. Lane. London and New York: Routledge.

Turner, J. H., and R. Machalek. 2018. The New Evolutionary Sociology: Recent and Revitalized Theoretical and Methodological Approaches. London and New York: Routledge. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4324/9781351173889

Turner, J. H., A. Maryanski, A. K. Petersen and A. W. Geertz. 2018. The Emergence and Evolution of Religion by Means of Natural Selection. London and New York: Routledge. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315111995

Vallender, E. J., N. Mekel-Bobrov and B. T Lahn. 2008. “Genetic Basis of Human Brain Evolution.” Trends in Neurosciences 31(12): 637–44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tins.2008.08.010 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tins.2008.08.010

Wunn, I. 2003. “The Evolution of Religions.” Numen 50 (4): 387–415. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1163/156852703322446660

Wunn, I. and D. Grojnowski. 2019. Religious Speciation: How Religion Evolves? Berlin: Springer. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-04435-0

Published

2022-01-06

How to Cite

Petersen, A. K. ., Turner, J. H. ., Geertz, A. W. ., & Maryanski, A. . (2022). Homines Emotionales and Religion as an Evolutionary Exaptation: A Response to Leonardo Ambasciano. Journal of Cognitive Historiography, 6(1-2), 157–171. https://doi.org/10.1558/jch.19353

Issue

Section

Discussion / 2

Most read articles by the same author(s)