And I think to myself what a wonderful world

In search of Louis Armstrong’s Brussels collage


  • Matthias Heyman University of Antwerp



Jazz, Louis Armstrong


Unknown to many audiences, Louis Armstrong was a skilful bricoleur of collages, using the cardboard boxes of Ampex magnetic tape as his preferred canvas. Among his many collages, now held at the Louis Armstrong Archives in New York's Queens College, there is one that is based on a visual representation of Brussels, the capital of Belgium, the small West-European nation bordering France, the Netherlands, Germany, the Grand Duchy of Luxemburg, and, across the English Channel, the United Kingdom. Upon first sight, it is just another collage dedicated to a concert location, but a closer look reveals it is a rather remarkable piece of art. Not only is it one of Armstrong's most surreal collages, it also comprises not a single visual reference to Brussels or Belgium. A 1958 collage depicting Paris clearly shows the lower half of the Eiffel Tower, but the Brussels collage has no trace of the Atomium, Manneken Pis, beer, waffles, chocolate, or anything else that can be understood as typically Belgian. Instead we see cut-outs of nude women, a number of helmeted men staring into the yonder, and a vulture who seems to be attacking one of the men. The only thing which reveals that the collage is indeed referring to Brussels is its title at the bottom, in Armstrong's hand: 'BRUSSELLS BELGIUM' [sic]. What went on in the trumpeter's mind when he created this mysterious piece? How did his (possible) visit to Brussels trigger him into releasing an aggressive vulture onto his spectators? This article offers a reconstruction of the unfinished quest into the secrets behind this enigmatic collage.

Author Biography

Matthias Heyman, University of Antwerp

Matthias Heyman is currently finalizing his PhD research at the University of Antwerp (Belgium). For his research, he contextualizes the bass playing of Ellingtonian Jimmie Blanton. He is a lecturer of jazz history at the Jazz Studio (Antwerp) and the LUCA School of Arts (Leuven), and in 2016-2017 he lectured jazz courses at the University of Amsterdam (the Netherlands).


Brower, Steven (2009) Satchmo: The Wonderful World and Art of Louis Armstrong. New York: Abrams.

Heyman, Matthias (2015) ‘Music (1924–1939): A History of Belgium’s First Jazz Journal’. Current Research in Jazz 7.

——(2017) ‘“And I think to myself what a wonderful world”. Op zoek naar Louis Armstrong’s Brusselse Collage’. FORUM+ 24/1.

Van den Broeck, Christian (2012) Who is Peter De Greef? Geraardsbergen: Belgatone.



How to Cite

Heyman, M. (2019). And I think to myself what a wonderful world: In search of Louis Armstrong’s Brussels collage. Jazz Research Journal, 11(2), 202–210.



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