Islamic humanism or humanistic Islam?

Authors

  • Oddbjørn Leirvik University of Oslo

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1558/isit.40611

Keywords:

Islam, humanism, reformism

Abstract

The article presents and analyses recent books by Muslim authors addressing the issue of humanism in Islam. After some general remarks about humanism and religion (in the current political context), idealist versus critical approaches to the theme of humanism and Islam will be identified. The bulk of the article is dedicated to an analysis of three books by Mouhanad Khorchide, a group of Norwegian reformists, and Nasr Hamid Abu Zayd. After a brief consideration on how scriptures is dealt with in idealist and critical approaches, the article concludes with a distinction between “Islamic humanism” and “humanistic Islam.”

Author Biography

Oddbjørn Leirvik, University of Oslo

Professor of Interreligious Studies

References

Abu Zaid, Nasr Hamid. 1996. Islam und Politik. Kritik des religiosen Diskurses. Frankfurt am Main: Dipa.

Abu Zayd, Nasr. 2001. "The Qur'an: God and Man in Communication." Forum. Nieuwsbrief faculteit der Letteren 1(1): 1-19.

Abu Zayd, Nasr. 2004. Rethinking the Qur'an: Towards a Humanistic Hermeneutics. Utrecht: Humanistics University Press.

Abu Zayd, Nasr Hamid. 2007. Naqd al-khitab al-dini. Casablanca and Beirut: Al-markazal-thaqafi al-'arabi.

Abu Zayd, Nasr Hamid. 2008. Gottes Menschenwort. Fur ein humanistisches Verstandnis des Koran. Freiburg: Herder.

Arkoun, Mohammad. 1988 [1982]. L'humanisme arabe au IVe/IXe siecle. Miskawayh. Paris: Librairie Philosophique Vrin.

Goodman, Lenn. 2003. Islamic humanism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Copson, Andrew and A. C. Grayling (eds). 2015. The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Humanism. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118793305

Gorog, Chris. 2015. "A Person is Either Your Brother in Faith, or Your Equal in Humanity." Logic Central Online. 28 October. https://www.logiccentralonline.com/ampiaws/a-person-is-either-your-brother-in-faith-oryour-equal-in-humanity/

Kermani, Navid. 1996. Offenbarung als Kommunikation. Das Konzept wahy in Nasr Hamid Abu Zayds Mafhum an-nass. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.

Khorchide, Mouhanad. 2012. Islam ist Barmherzigheit. Grundzuge einer modernen Religion. Freiburg: Herder.

------. 2013. Scharia - der missverstandene Gott. Der Weg su einemn modernen islamischen Ethik. Freiburg: Herder.

Khorchide, Mouhanad. 2015. Gott glaubt an den Menschen: Mit dem Islam zu einem neuen Humanismus. Freiburg: Herder.

Kraemer, Joel L. 1986. Humanism in the Renaissance of Islam. Leiden: Brill.

Lamont, Corliss. 1997 [1949]. The Philosophy of Humanism. Washington, DC: Humanist Press.

Larsen, Lena. 2016. "Islam og menneskerettigheter." In Islamsk humanisme, edited by Ellen Reiss and Linda Noor, 36-63. Oslo: Moment/Minotenk.

Leirvik, Oddbjorn. 2002. Islamsk etikk - ei idehistorie. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget.

------. 2010. "Aw qala: 'Li-jarihi'. Some observations on brotherhood and neighborly love in Islamic tradition." Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations 21(4): 357-372. https://doi.org/10.1080/09596410.2010.527104

------. 2015. "Wahy and tanzil: modern Islamic approaches to divine inspiration, progressive revelation, and human text." Studia Theologica 69(2): 101-125. https://doi.org/10.1080/0039338X.2015.1081617

------. 2016. "Islamic University Theology." Studia Theologica 70 (2): 127-144. https://doi.org/10.1080/0039338X.2016.1253258

Makdisi, George. 1990. The Rise of Humanism in Classical Islam and the Christian West with Special Reference to Scholasticism. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Miskawayh, Ibn. 1968. The Refinement of Character. Beirut: The American University of Beirut.

Reiss, Ellen and Linda Noor. 2016. Islamsk humanisme. Oslo: Moment/Minotenk.

Shah, Farhan. 2016. "Islamsk humanisme." In Islamsk humanisme, edited by Ellen Reiss and Linda Noor, 24-35. Oslo: Moment/Minotenk.

Tibi, Bassam. 2012. "Islamic Humanism versus Islamism: Cross-Civilizational Bridging." Soundings: An Interdisciplinary Journal 3: 230-254.

Published

2020-04-14

How to Cite

Leirvik, O. (2020). Islamic humanism or humanistic Islam?. Interreligious Studies and Intercultural Theology, 4(1), 88–101. https://doi.org/10.1558/isit.40611

Issue

Section

Articles