WHAT DO NURSING STUDENTS UNDERSTAND BY SPIRITUALITY AND SPIRITUAL CARE?
Keywords:nursing education, spiritual education, spiritual care
The assumption that nursing students have an understanding about the nature of spiritual care requires examination especially in an environment which expects nurses and other health care staff to provide spiritual care. Unfortunately there is little by way of spiritual education in nursing courses. This article describes a case study of nursing students’ understandings of spirituality and experiences of spiritual education. The focus is on a particular method of data collection from the larger study, the nominal group technique, and discussion surrounds its use, analysis and findings.
BASSEY M. 1999 Case study research in educational settings. Buckingham: Open University Press
BRADSHAW A 1997 Teaching spiritual care to nurses: An alternative approach. International Journal of Palliative Nursing 3(1), 51-57
CARPER, B 1978 Fundamental Patterns of Knowing in Nursing Advances in Nursing Science 1 (1), pp. 13–23.
CHUENGSATIANSUP K 2003 Spirituality and health: An initial proposal to incorporate spiritual health in health impact assessment. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 23, 3-15
COHEN L, MANION L & MORRISON K 2000 Research methods in education (5th ed.). London: Routledge Falmer.
COYLE J 2002 Spirituality and health: Towards a framework for exploring the relationship between spirituality and health. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 37(6), 589-597.
EMBLEN J D & HALSTEAD L 1993 Spiritual needs and interventions: comparing the views of patients, nurses and chaplains. Clinical Nurse Specialist 7: 175-182
GLEN S 1995 Developing critical thinking in higher education. Nurse Education Today 15(3) 170-176
GOVIER I 2000 Spiritual Care in Nursing: A systematic approach Nursing Standard 14: 32-36
GROSVENOR D 2006 Spiritual care by nurses? “I had the skills already,” International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, October
GUBA E & LINCOLN Y 1989 Fourth generation evaluation London: Sage.
HARRISON J & BURNARD P 1993 Spirituality and Nursing practice. Aldershot: Avebury
HAY D & HUNT K 2000 Understanding the spirituality of people who don’t go to church. Research report University of Nottingham
JONES C & LYONS C 2004 Case study: Design? method? or comprehensive strategy? Nurse Researcher, 11(3), 70-76.
KELLEHEAR A 2000 Spirituality and palliative care: A model of needs. Palliative Medicine, 14(2), 149-155.
MACDONALD B 1974 Evaluation and the control of education. In MACDONALD B & WALKER R (Ed.), Safari 1: Innovation, evaluation, research and the problem of control (pp. 9-22). University of East Anglia: Centre for Applied Research in Education.
MARTSOLF D S & MICKLEY J R 1998 The Concept of Spirituality in Nursing Theories: Different World-Views and Extant Focus. Journal of Advanced Nursing 27, 294-303
MCSHERRY W & DRAPER P 1998 The debates emerging from the literature surrounding the concept of spirituality as applied to nursing. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 27 (4), 683-691
MOORE C M 1987 Group techniques for idea building. Newbury Park CA: Sage.
MURRAY R B & ZENTNER J B 1989 Nursing concepts for health promotion. London: Prentice Hall.
NES (2009) Spiritual Care Matters: An Introductory Resource for all NHSScotland Staff. NHS Education for Scotland
NMC (2004) Standards of proficiency for preregistration nursing education. London: Nursing and Midwifery Council
OTTO R 1950 The Idea of the Holy: An inquiry into the non-rational factor in the idea of the divine and its relation to the rational. Oxford University Press.
ROBSON C 1993 Real world research: A resource for social scientists and practitioner-researchers. Oxford, UK: Blackwell.
ROSS L 1997 The nurse’s role in assessing and responding to patients’ spiritual needs. International Journal of Palliative Nursing 3(1), 37-42
SEHD HDL (2002) 76 Spiritual Care in NHS Scotland Scottish Executive Health Department
SEYMOUR B. (2006) Teaching and learning about spirituality and spiritual care: A case study investigating nursing students' experiences of spiritual education. Unpublished doctoral thesis: University of Strathclyde
SGHD CEL (2008) 49 Spiritual Care and Chaplaincy in NHSScotland www.sehd.scot.nhs.uk/mels/CEL2008_49.pdf. Scottish Government Department of Health and Wellbeing
SIMONS H 1987 Getting to know schools in a democracy: The politics and process of evaluation. Lewes: Falmer Press.
STAKE R E 1995 The art of case study research. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.
SWINTON J 2001 Spirituality and mental health care: Rediscovering a 'forgotten' dimension. London: Jessica Kingsley.
WOODS N F & CATANZARO M. 1988 Nursing research: Theory and practice. St. Louis: Mosby
WRIGHT S 1997 Freeing the spirit. Nursing Times 93(17) 28-29
YIN R K 1994 Case study research: Design and methods (2nd. ed.). Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.
YIN R K 2003 Case study research: Design and methods (3rd ed.) Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.