Recent Interpretations of the Laws of Zak?t with Regard to People with Disabilities: A Comparison with Classical Fiqh
Keywords:Islamic law, contemporary fatwas, disability, zakat
AbstractZak?t is considered the earliest social solidarity system that does not depend on voluntary charity but on orderly periodic government support. In this article I trace interpretations of the zak?t laws on people with disabilities in the past and the present in respect of two main questions: is a disabled person subject to zak?t taxation? and does a disabled person qualify as a beneficiary of funds collected through the zak?t taxation? The main conclusions are that if and when the economic situation of people with disabilities is similar to that of the healthy, they are subject to taxation. People with disabilities become beneficiaries of zak?t funds only when they are “poor,” “needy,” and unable to support themselves, but never only because of the disability.
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