Ibn ?A??? All?h al-Sakandar?: A Sufi, ??lim and Faq?h

Authors

  • Mohamed Mosaad Abdelaziz Mohamed Northern Arizona University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1558/cis.v9i1.26764

Keywords:

Sufism, social peace, political turmoil

Abstract

Ibn ?A??? All?h al-Sakandar? (d 1309) is known as the true founder of the Š?dhil? Madhhab. Little is known about his role in creating both social peace and political stability in Mamluk Egypt. Comparing him to Ibr?h?m al-Dus?q? , I will study three aspects of this role. First, I will study his introduction of a new model of the Sufi-the Faqih vis-à-vis the Sufi-the Theologian, a model that created reconciliation between the two historical enemies: the Sufis and the Jurists. Second, Ibn ?A??? All?h moved from Alexandria to Cairo to be a teacher at al-Azhar University, turning Sufism into a respected discipline, and closing the gap between urban Islam and periphery Islam. Third, he forged a political alliance with Sul??n Qal?w?n that saved the Sul??n enough popular support to create political stability after long years of political turmoil.

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Published

2015-09-30

How to Cite

Abdelaziz Mohamed, M. M. (2015). Ibn ?A??? All?h al-Sakandar?: A Sufi, ??lim and Faq?h. Comparative Islamic Studies, 9(1), 41–66. https://doi.org/10.1558/cis.v9i1.26764

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Section

Special Issue: Articles