Strategically Implementing the “Z” (for Zoom)-Option in Graduate Education

How Covid Helped Revivify a Sputtering MA Program in the Humanities


  • Carl Raschke University of Denver



higher education, graduate studies, religious studies


The Department takes a look at how academic programs in our field adapt to the changing landscape of higher education. In this edition, Carl Raschke shares how and why the Department of Religious Studies at the University of Denver developed a remote option for their M.A. program. The “Z”- Option, as they call it, addresses social, cultural, and economic trends in U.S. universities with a forward-thinking and researched proposal that should be on your radar.


Contarino, Alex. 2016. “Hot Tubs and Luxury Dorms and Climbing Walls, Oh My!” The James G. Martin Center for Academic Renewal, November 21, 2016. Accessed December 3, 2021,

Copley, Paul, and Edward Douthett. 2020. “The Enrollment Cliff, Mega-Universities, COVID-19, and the Changing Landscape of U.S. Colleges.” The CPA Journal 90: 22–27.

Raschke, Carl. 2003. The Digital Revolution and the Coming of the Postmodern University. New York: Routledge.

Schroeder, Ray. 2021. “A Second Demographic Cliff Adds to Urgency for Change.” UPCEA, May 21, 2021. Accessed December 5, 2021.

Victoria, Emma. 2020. “Online Learning vs. In-person Classes—What’s Better?” Education First, November 12, 2020. Accessed December 13, 2021.

Villaincourt, Tracy, Heather L. Brittain, Amanda Krygsman, Ann H. Farrell, Debra Pepler, Sally Landon, Zacharie Saint Georges, and IreneVitoroulis. 2021. “In-Person Versus Online Learning in Relation to Students’ Perceptions of Mattering During Covid-19: A Brief Report.” Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 1–11.



How to Cite

Raschke, C. (2022). Strategically Implementing the “Z” (for Zoom)-Option in Graduate Education: How Covid Helped Revivify a Sputtering MA Program in the Humanities. Bulletin for the Study of Religion, 51(1), 21–26.



The Department