Permanent Evolution

E-Literature and (R)evolutions of Authorship and Readership


  • Emma Bolden Georgia Southern University



poetry, e-literature, hypertext, oulipo


Advances in computer coding and Internet technology are drastically redefining publishing and literature itself. This article examines how e-literature, literary texts dependent on code, differs from and works to supplement traditionally printed literature. In particular, e-literature alters traditional concepts of authorship and readership. A coded interface requires the input of a reader to generate a text; the resulting text is therefore a collaboration between the reader and the author, resulting in a change each time the text is read. . The article examines how hypertext pioneers have explored the possibilities offered by computer coding and the Internet, expanding the limits of literary creation and altering the very definition of literature itself.

Author Biography

Emma Bolden, Georgia Southern University

Emma Bolden is an Assistant Professor of Creative Writing at Georgia Southern University. She received an MFA in Creative Writing from the University of North Carolina at Wilmington. She is the author of three chapbooks of poetry: How to Recognize a Lady, published as part of Edge by Edge, the third in Toadlily Press’ Quartet Series; The Mariner’s Wife, published by Finishing Line Press; and The Sad Epistles, published by Dancing Girl Press. Her work has appeared in journals such as Prairie Schooner, the Indiana Review, the Greensboro Review, Feminist Studies, and Guernica.



How to Cite

Bolden, E. (2012). Permanent Evolution: E-Literature and (R)evolutions of Authorship and Readership. Writing and Pedagogy, 4(2), 337-344.



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