Religious Studies and Theology https://journal.equinoxpub.com/RST <p>For forty years <em>Religious Studies and Theology</em> has published thoughtful, peer-reviewed original research with significance to the inter-related disciplines of Religious Studies and Theology. <a href="https://journal.equinoxpub.com/RST/about">Learn more.</a></p> Equinox Publishing Ltd. en-US Religious Studies and Theology 0829-2922 <p>© Equinox Publishing Ltd.</p> <p>For information regarding our Open Access policy, <a title="Open access policy." href="Full%20details of our conditions related to copyright can be found by clicking here.">click here</a>.</p> Orthodox Readings of Augustine, edited by George E. Demacopoulos and Aristotle Papanikolaou. https://journal.equinoxpub.com/RST/article/view/19262 <p>Orthodox Readings of Augustine, edited by George E. Demacopoulos and Aristotle Papanikolaou. Orthodox Christianity and Contemporary Thought, edited by Aristotle Papanikolaou and Ashley M. Purpura. Fordham University Press, 2020. 314 pp., Pb., $28.00. ISBN-13: 9780823288601.</p> Jonathan N Cleland Copyright (c) 2021 Equinox Publishing Ltd. 2022-09-20 2022-09-20 41 1 111–112 111–112 10.1558/rst.19262 Søren Kierkegaard: Theologian of the Gospel, edited by Todd Speidell, Greg Marcar and Andrew Torrance. https://journal.equinoxpub.com/RST/article/view/22252 <p class="p1">Søren Kierkegaard: Theologian of the Gospel, edited by Todd Speidell, Greg Marcar and Andrew Torrance. Wipf &amp; Stock, 2021. 268 pp. $47.00, ISBN-13: 9781666709117.</p> Charles Duke Copyright (c) 2022 Equinox Publishing Ltd. 2022-09-20 2022-09-20 41 1 113–115 113–115 10.1558/rst.22252 Augustine’s Early Thought on the Redemptive Function of Divine Judgment, by Bart Van Egmond. https://journal.equinoxpub.com/RST/article/view/23216 <p>Augustine’s Early Thought on the Redemptive Function of Divine Judgment, by Bart Van Egmond. Oxford Early Christian Studies. Oxford University Press, 2018. 304pp., Hb. $110. ISBN-13: 9780198834922. Also available as an Ebook and online.</p> Wendy Elgersma Helleman Copyright (c) 2022 Equinox Publishing Ltd. 2022-09-20 2022-09-20 41 1 116–118 116–118 10.1558/rst.23216 Circling the Elephant: A Comparative Theology of Religious Diversity, by John J. Thatamanil. https://journal.equinoxpub.com/RST/article/view/22817 <p>Circling the Elephant: A Comparative Theology of Religious Diversity, by John J. Thatamanil. Fordham University Press, 2020. 320 pp., Pb. $38.99 ISBN-13: 9780823287734.</p> Tevfik Karatop Copyright (c) 2022 Equinox Publishing Ltd. 2022-09-20 2022-09-20 41 1 119–120 119–120 10.1558/rst.22817 Land of Stark Contrasts. Faith-Based Responses to Homelessness in the United States, edited by Manuel Mejido Costoya. https://journal.equinoxpub.com/RST/article/view/22528 <p>Land of Stark Contrasts. Faith-Based Responses to Homelessness in the United States, edited by Manuel Mejido Costoya. Fordham University Press, 2021. 384pp., 7 b/w illustrations. Pb. US$35.00. ISBN-13: 9780823293964.</p> Xochiquetzal Luna Morales Copyright (c) 2022 Equinox Publishing Ltd. 2022-09-20 2022-09-20 41 1 121–123 121–123 10.1558/rst.22528 The Resurrection of Jesus: Apologetics, Polemics, History, by Dale C. Allison, Jr. https://journal.equinoxpub.com/RST/article/view/21207 <p>The Resurrection of Jesus: Apologetics, Polemics, History, by Dale C. Allison, Jr. T &amp; T Clark, 2021. 416pp. Hb. 196.50, ISBN-13: 9780567697578; Pb $62.95. ISBN-13: 9780567697561.</p> Donald Schweitzer Copyright (c) 2022 Equinox Publishing Ltd. 2022-09-20 2022-09-20 41 1 124–126 124–126 10.1558/rst.21207 Marilynne Robinson, Theologian of the Ordinary, by Andrew Cunning. https://journal.equinoxpub.com/RST/article/view/22509 <p>Marilynne Robinson, Theologian of the Ordinary, by Andrew Cunning. Bloomsbury Academic, 2021. 208pp. Hb, $144.50, ISBN-13: 9781501358999; Pb. $52.50, ISBN-13: 9781501371349.</p> Mark S M Scott Copyright (c) 2022 Equinox Publishing Ltd. 2022-09-20 2022-09-20 41 1 127–129 127–129 10.1558/rst.22509 Inhabitance: Ecological Religious Education, by Jennifer R. Ayres. https://journal.equinoxpub.com/RST/article/view/22078 <p>Inhabitance: Ecological Religious Education, by Jennifer R. Ayres. Baylor University Press, 2019. 216pp., 1 b/w illustration. Hb., $44.99. ISBN-13: 9781481311373.</p> Ben Szoller Copyright (c) 2022 Equinox Publishing Ltd. 2022-09-20 2022-09-20 41 1 130–132 130–132 10.1558/rst.22078 How to do Comparative Theology, edited by Francis X. Clooney and Klaus Von Stosch. https://journal.equinoxpub.com/RST/article/view/20105 <p>How to do Comparative Theology, edited by Francis X. Clooney and Klaus Von Stosch. Fordham University Press, 2018. 344pp., Pb. $40.00, ISBN-13: 9780823278411.</p> Earle Waugh Copyright (c) 2021 Equinox Publishing Ltd. 2022-09-20 2022-09-20 41 1 133–134 133–134 10.1558/rst.20105 The Garb of Being: Embodiment and the Pursuit of Holiness in Late Ancient Christianity, edited by Georgia Frank, Susan R. Holman and Andrew S. Jacobs. https://journal.equinoxpub.com/RST/article/view/19767 <p>The Garb of Being: Embodiment and the Pursuit of Holiness in Late Ancient Christianity, edited by Georgia Frank, Susan R. Holman and Andrew S. Jacobs. Fordham University Press, 2020. 384pp., Hb., $65. ISBN-13: 9780823287024.</p> Jade Weimer Copyright (c) 2021 Equinox Publishing Ltd. 2022-09-20 2022-09-20 41 1 135–137 135–137 10.1558/rst.19767 Editor’s Introduction https://journal.equinoxpub.com/RST/article/view/23614 David Atkinson Copyright (c) 2022 Equinox Publishing Ltd. 2022-09-20 2022-09-20 41 1 1–3 1–3 10.1558/rst.23614 Severus of Antioch as Theologian and Ideologist https://journal.equinoxpub.com/RST/article/view/21314 <p>This paper explores the figure and theological legacy of Severus of Antioch, a founding father of the Oriental theological tradition. It delves into logical categories, which helped him rationalize Christ’s composition. The study focuses on the categories of common and particular natures, properties, and activities. Severus was engaged in polemics on many fronts: against real and imagined “Nestorianism,” Pope Leo, the council of Chalcedon, neo-Chalcedonians, and opponents from his own anti-Chalcedonian party. Some of his motives for such polemics were theological, and his ideological conservatism underpinned others. Severus seems to be one of the causes of the first great schism in the history of Christianity. Yet many of his own fights and fights against him were against shadows because he, in fact, often believed in the same things as those who fought him believed. His figure can be seen not only as divisive but as containing a potential for ecumenical reconciliation. The study concludes with suggestions about how Severan theological points and policies could contribute to the ongoing dialogue with the Oriental churches.</p> Cyril Hovorun Copyright (c) 2022 Equinox Publishing Ltd. 2022-09-20 2022-09-20 41 1 5–23 5–23 10.1558/rst.21314 The Fourteen-fold Intelligences and the Principles of Mulla Sadra’s Theology https://journal.equinoxpub.com/RST/article/view/21433 <p>The principles of Mulla Sadra’s theology as they relate to multiple intelligences have not been considered. Inferring multiple intelligences from Sadraean philosophy opens a new window for education focusing on transcendence-centered learning. The present essay discusses the powers of human souls as they relate to the formation of fourteen intelligences, and which are classified under five broad categories. Paying attention to the process of learning based on distinct types of intelligences sets the stage for designing a consistent educational program ensuring both worldly and other worldly happiness.</p> Sayed Mehran Tabatabaei Seyed Mahdi Emami Jomeh Copyright (c) 2022 Equinox Publishing Ltd. 2022-09-20 2022-09-20 41 1 25–42 25–42 10.1558/rst.21433 Ibn Sina and Mulla Sadra on God’s Knowledge of Particulars https://journal.equinoxpub.com/RST/article/view/21437 <p class="BodyTop">The problem of God’s knowledge of particulars goes back to the beginnings of classical philosophy, and within the context of Islamic philosophy and theology, diverse schools have arisen which respond to this problem in different ways. The scope and depth of God’s knowledge of our world, which also includes knowledge of human will and human action, is the subject of Ibn Sina’s account of God’s knowledge of particulars, which I set out to discuss in this paper followed by Mula Sadra’s main criticisms of his premises and argumentation, finally providing my assessment of these two philosophers’ positions.</p> Seyed Hassan Hosseini Alireza Kazemi Copyright (c) 2022 Equinox Publishing Ltd. 2022-09-20 2022-09-20 41 1 43–55 43–55 10.1558/rst.21437 Thoughts and Influence of the Islamic Defenders Front in Indonesia https://journal.equinoxpub.com/RST/article/view/21391 <p>This study investigates the Islamic Defenders Front (FPI) in the context of the relationship between Islam and the state. FPI is an organization established after the reform era and is categorized as a radical mass organization. This study found that FPI considers Islam and the state as inseparable. The movement gained considerable attention with its demand that Ahok, a non-Muslim governor, be investigated for blasphemy. Although the organization has been disbanded, FPI continues to influence state life in Indonesia.</p> Nanang Hasan Susanto Maghfur Ahmad Copyright (c) 2022 Equinox Publishing Ltd. 2022-09-20 2022-09-20 41 1 57–76 57–76 10.1558/rst.21391 Another Brick in the Wall https://journal.equinoxpub.com/RST/article/view/21518 <p>Discussion concerning Islamic groups in Iran falls under three main schools of thought: leftist Islam, jurisprudential Islam, and liberal Islam. This article analyses the viewpoints of Mohammad Nakhshab, the founder of the modern left Islamic school and the Movement of God-Worshipping Socialists (Nehzat-e Khoda Parastan-e Sosialist) in contemporary Iran. This school has greatly influenced Iran in the modern era, starting with its role in the 1979 Islamic Revolution. The following paper focuses on the Pahlavi Dynasty, Nakhshab’s thought in relation to historical circumstances, his priorities for reform, his approach towards government and governance, and his understanding of public policy.</p> Seyed Mohammad Lolaki Copyright (c) 2022 Equinox Publishing Ltd. 2022-09-20 2022-09-20 41 1 77–92 77–92 10.1558/rst.21518 Real Muslim Caves https://journal.equinoxpub.com/RST/article/view/22328 <p>This paper focuses on the religious identities of second-generation immigrant Muslim youth living in Canada. The intergenerational divide between first and second-generation immigrants is obvious in the recent development of Muslim Canadian youth clubs, which are founded, and run by youths themselves. In many cases Islamic centers are not well suited to address the religious and other needs of second-generation Muslims in Canada. Religious activities in the youth clubs are different from the religious centers of their parents, exposing this divide in the Muslim community as never before. This paper examines how youth clubs offer a protective environment for Muslim youth and argues that a distinct “religious youth subculture” is emerging among second-generation Muslim youth in Canada.</p> Fatemeh Mohammadi Copyright (c) 2022 Equinox Publishing Ltd. 2022-09-20 2022-09-20 41 1 93–110 93–110 10.1558/rst.22328