Postscripts: The Journal of Sacred Texts, Cultural Histories, and Contemporary Contexts 2020-09-15T09:14:34+00:00 Brad Anderson Open Journal Systems <p>This journal is devoted to the academic study of scripture around the globe and is the official journal of SCRIPT, the&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Society for Research on Iconic and Performative Texts</a>. It deals with the rich panoply of engagements with texts that are foundational in the lives of individuals and communities around the world -- texts that travel under the name of 'scripture' or 'sacred' text. It aims to open up the discussion of sacred texts by crossing traditional boundaries, bringing different disciplinary tools to the process of analysis, and opening up a sustained dialogue between and among scholars and others who are interested in religion, textuality, media and mediation and the contemporary world.</p> The “Last Word” in Pictures: Enhanced Visual Interpretation of Revelation in Luther’s High German Bible (1534) 2020-03-18T20:01:46+00:00 W. Gordon Campbell <p>For the last twenty-five years of his life, Martin Luther and his associates were active in Bible translation, publishing first the New Testament, from 1522 onwards, and by 1534—at roughly the mid-point of these endeavours—the whole Bible in German. Across this entire period, until his death, Luther continuously offered reader-viewers of the final New Testament book, Revelation, not only verbal commentary—in a preface (1522), or replacement preface with accompanying marginal notes (1530)—but visual exegesis, in the form of successive series of woodcut engravings designed to illustrate the text. A set of images commissioned for Luther’s 1534 German Bible was the crowning achievement of this visual interpretation: the 1534 Bible even extended pictorial illustration and adornment to the Gospels and Epistles, as well as Old Testament texts. From the perspective of art history, to regard these acclaimed illustrations as “the last word in pictures” represents no novelty, for the 1534 Luther Bible has long been counted among “the finest things that the art of printing produced in the Reformation period” (Schramm 1923, 22–23; my translation). However, to make the same assertion about the Revelation illustrations specifically, from an explicitly exegetical standpoint—and in English—is new and requires substantiation through supporting evidence. I will provide this through close analysis and evaluation of the interpretative moves that the 1534 images make, in conjunction with Luther’s translation and comment, over and against the visual exegesis of their predecessors created, from 1522 onwards, for Luther’s German New Testament.</p> 2020-09-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Guru Granth Sahib in the Writings of Western Women 2020-03-18T20:04:39+00:00 Eleanor Nesbitt <p>The <em>Guru Granth Sahib </em>is, in Sikh belief, the scripture that embodies their living Guru. Although major anthologists of western writers on Sikhs and their religious tradition have hardly noticed many European and North American women’s observations and comments, Sikhs and their scripture have featured in the travelogues and novels, journals, memoirs and monographs written by western women who were neither converts to Sikhism nor academics in the modern sense. Many of these women described the prominence and honouring of the Sikhs’ scripture, <em>Guru Granth Sahib </em>in the gurdwaras that they visited, some mentioned its role in life cycle rites, and some wrote about the content of Sikh scripture. For this they relied on (male) translators. In the context of their own Christian religious background and intellectual journeys, this paper examines the responses of western women to both the physical presence and the content of the <em>Guru Granth Sahib, </em>including Annie Besant’s understanding of Guru Nanak as a populariser of Vedanta.</p> 2020-09-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd. How Joseph Fowler Read his Hebrew Bible 2020-03-18T20:03:28+00:00 John Christopher Hardy <p>How did a work-a-day Victorian Hebraist read the Hebrew Bible? Suggestive information on the subject is found in the unpublished memoirs of Canon Dr Joseph Thomas Fowler (1833–1924), Durham Hebraist and antiquarian. Interesting as an example of contemporary devotional practice among Durham-based and Durham-trained Anglican clergy, Fowler’s Hebrew Bible reading habit also illustrates the informal aspect of his working relationships with colleagues in the fledgling university of Durham. This article offers, too, a frame of reference, by exploring Fowler’s biography, his Durham undergraduate career (1858–1861), and his work as university Hebrew lecturer for almost half a century (1871–1917). Incidental light is shed on the ecclesiastical ethos, the staff, the curriculum, and the pedagogy of Durham University in the mid-nineteenth century.</p> 2020-09-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Redefining the Boundaries of the Sacred 2020-03-18T20:03:57+00:00 Matt Reingold <p>This essay considers three recent Jewish graphic novels that synthesize biblical and Rabbinic texts with exegetical illustrations. Designating these works as sacred graphic novels provides an opportunity for considering the boundaries of the genres of, and interrelationship between, sacred Jewish literature and graphic novels. The concept of sacred graphic novels is explored by analyzing J.T. Waldman’s <em>Megillat Esther</em>, Jessica Tamar Deutsch’s <em>Pirkei Avot </em>and Jordan Gorfinkel and Erez Zadok’s <em>The Passover Haggadah</em>. While all three texts involve exegesis, what distinguishes these works is the integration of the actual text of the sacred writings in question. This integration changes the ways that the graphic novels are used as religious texts and religious texts as graphic novels and leads to a broader understanding of sacred Jewish literature.</p> 2020-09-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Sitting Alone with a Text 2020-03-18T20:08:22+00:00 Joel N. Lohr <p>This essay explores how frameworks of education in the United States have been shaped by particularly Protestant ideals—and, especially, how notions concerning individuals and their engagement with texts have had an outsized influence on educational practice. Following an examination of a number of historical issues related to our topic, and in particular Protestantism and the rise of the printing press, I examine the foundations of American education, including Puritan models of schooling as religious instruction. This leads to a discussion of the birth of Pluralism and Fundamentalism in the United States, which in turn leads to some reflections on the current educational milieu in this context, especially as related to religious identity in the classroom and higher education more generally. I suggest that a greater awareness of the cultural values that are embedded in our educational practices is vital if we are going to be responsive to the needs of increasingly diverse student populations.</p> 2020-09-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Editor’s Preface 2020-03-18T16:02:06+00:00 Bradford A. Anderson 2020-09-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd.