Paganism as Root-Religion


  • Michael York Bath Spa University College



paganism, nature religions


Paganism, defined as a sacred religion with the tangible or sentient, might also be viewed as a spontaneous response to the world, the source of future religious expressions that are here divided into five main streams of developed religion: gnostic, dharmic, Abrahamic and pagan. The essentially pagan response to the natural world is unconditioned by theology, is experiential and is concerned with an individual’s transitions through life, as well as with the individual and communal encounter with the natural environment.

Author Biography

  • Michael York, Bath Spa University College

    Michael York directs the Sophia Centre for the Study of Cultural Astronomy and Astrology at Bath Spa University College, Newton Park Campus, Newton St Loe, Bath, BA2 9BN, United Kingdom. His previous book was The Emerging Network: A Sociology of the New Age and Neo-Pagan Movements.


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Corrington, Robert S. Nature's Religion. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 1997.

Wilson, Bryan R. Magic and the Millennium: A Sociological Study of Religious Movements of Protest among Tribal and Third-World Peoples. London: Heinemann, 1973.

York, Michael, 'Defining Paganism'. The Pomegranate 11 (February 2000): 4-9.

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