Revisionism and Counter-Revisionism in Pagan History


  • Ronald Hutton University of Bristol



Neo-Paganism, witchcraft, magic, revisionism, research


During the past few years, a series of heated arguments have broken out among Pagans across the Western world, but much more particularly in North America and Australia, about the historical context of modern Paganism. This has been provoked by extensive scholarly revision of the traditional portrait of that context, which has caused dismay and anger among some Pagans. Their reactions have in turn produced similar emotions among some of their co-religionists and professional scholars (the two groups often overlapping). This review essay is intended to clarify the issues that are being debated; to examine the potential for Pagans to write their own history; to look at points at which the arguments may have provided useful historical insights; and to suggest a likely outcome for the controversy.

Author Biography

Ronald Hutton, University of Bristol

Ronald Hutton is professor of history at Bristol University.


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How to Cite

Hutton, R. (2013). Revisionism and Counter-Revisionism in Pagan History. Pomegranate, 13(2), 225–256.



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