Contemporary Paganism in Portugal

The Case of the Pagan Federation International


  • Daniela Cordovil State University of Pará



Contemporary Paganism, Feminism, Ecology, Heritage, Identity, Portugal


This research discusses contemporary Paganism in Portugal by the analysis of the trajectory and actual practices of the Associação Pagã (Pagan association), a local affiliate of the Pagan Federation International. The methodology was ethnographic fieldwork and interviews conducted with the leaders and members of this association. This association is engaged in public debates about laicity and religious freedom, ecological issues, gender diversity, and feminism. They also engage and promote religious rituals at archaeological sites. As a conclusion, the research discusses the role of pagan practices on creating a plural public space in a catholic country.

Author Biography

  • Daniela Cordovil, State University of Pará

    Daniela Cordovil is an adjunct professor at the State University of Pará, Brazil. She was a visiting researcher at Center for Social Studies, University of Coimbra. Her research was funded by the Coordination of Superior Level Staff Improvement (Coordenação para Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior-CAPES), Brazil.


Ammerman, Nancy T. Everyday Religion: Observing Modern Religious Lives. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.

Aune, Kristin."Feminist Spirituality as Lived Religion: How UK Feminists Forge Religio-Spiritual Lives." Gender & Society 29, no. 1 (2015): 122-45.

Butler, Jenny. "Irish neo-paganism: worldview and identity." In Ireland's New Religious Movements, edited by Olivia Cosgrove, Laurence Cox, Carmen Kuhling, and Peter Mulholland. 111-30. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholar Publishing, 2011.

Clifton, Chas S. Her Hidden Children: The Rise of Wicca and Paganism in America. Lanham, Md.: AltaMira, 2000.

Cordovil, Daniela."The Cult of Afro-Brazilian and Indigenous Gods in Brazilian Wicca: Symbols and Practices." The Pomegranate: The International Journal of Pagan Studies 16, no. 2 (2014): 1-14.

Crowley, Viviane. "Standing up to be counted: understanding Pagan responses to the 2011 British censuses." Religion 44, no. 3 (2014): 483-501.

Dix, Steffen. "As esferas seculares e religiosas na sociedade portuguesa." Análise Social, 194 (2010): 5-27.

Fedele, Ana."From Christian religion to feminist spirituality: Mary Magdalene pilgrimages to La Sainte-Baume, France." Culture and Religion 10, no. 3 (2009): 243-61.

Feraro, Shai. "Two Steps Forward, One Step Back: The Shaping of a Community-Building Discourse among Israeli Pagans." Israel Studies Review 29, no. 2 (2014): 7-77.

Hume, Lynne. Witchcraft and Paganism in Australia. Carlton South, Victoria: Melbourne University Press, 1997.

Instituto nacional de estatística (INE). Censos 2011 XV Recenseamento Geral da População. V Recenseamento Geral da Habitação: Resultados definitivos Portugal. Lisbon: INE, 2012.

Martins, Joana Rita Rosa. "E assim a roda gira: Ontologias, natureza e celebração sazonal dos ciclos naturais no contexto dos movimentos neopagãos em Portugal." MA thesis, University Institute of Lisbon, 2017.

Reid, Sían. "Renovating the Broom Closet: Factors Contributing to the Growth of Contemporary Paganism in Canada."The Pomegranate: The International Journal of Pagan Studies 7, no. 2 (2005): 128-40.

Rountree, Kathryn. "Goddess Spirituality and Nature in Aotearoa New Zealand." The Pomegranate: The International Journal of Pagan Studies 7, no. 2 (2005): 141-56.

Rountree, Kathryn. "Neo-Paganism, Native Faith and Indigenous religion: a Case Study of Malta within the European Context." Social Anthropology/Anthropology Sociale 22. no. 1 (2014): 81-100.

Salomonsen, Jone. Enchanted Feminism: The Reclaiming Witches of San Francisco. London: Routledge, 2002.

Saraiva, Clara. "Afro-Brazilian Religions in Portugal: Bruxos, Priests and Pais de Santo." Etnográfica 14, no. 2 (2010): 265-88.

Shnirelman, Victor. "Ancestral Wisdom and Ethnic Nationalism: A View from Eastern Europe." The Pomegranate: The International Journal of Pagan Studies 9, no. 1 (2007): 41-61.

Tavares, Maria Manuela Paiva Fernandes. "Feminismos em Portugal (1947-2007)." PhD diss.. Universidade Aberta, Lisbon, 2008.

Taylor, Charles. A Secular Age. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press., 2007.

Vilaça, Helena. "A religião e a Bíblia em um quadro de liberdade religiosa." Revista Lusófona de Ciências das Religiões 4, nos. 7-8 (2005): 109-17.

Velloso, Brunella Lago. "Arqueologia e apropriação do discurso científico na construção da identidade celta no Ocidente Peninsular e nos novos cultos a Endovélico." MA thesis, University of Lisbon, 2020.






How to Cite

Cordovil, D. (2021). Contemporary Paganism in Portugal: The Case of the Pagan Federation International. Pomegranate, 22(1), 16–29.