Pentecostal Lyrical Theology in Dialogue with Lutherans on Water Baptism




Hillsong, Lutheran–Pentecostal dialogue, Pentecostal liturgical theology, synergism, testimony


Lutheran–Pentecostal dialogue has devoted significant attention to water baptism. Much of this reflection, however, has been encumbered by a lack of developed scholarly attention given to baptism among Pentecostals. Pentecostal language of ordinance and symbolism has even led Lutherans to critique Pentecostal baptismal theology as anthropocentric and anaemic. To correct this misunderstanding, I study a Pentecostal baptismal hymn – Brooke and Scott Ligertwood’s “Beneath the Waters (I Will Rise)” – as an alternative entry point into Pentecostal baptismal theology. The analysis demonstrates that the testimonial dimension of baptism presumes a recognition of divine work in the rite. The baptizand encounters Christ and is brought into a deeper participation in his death and resurrection. This understanding of Pentecostal baptismal theology advances dialogue with Lutherans by clarifying Pentecostal rhetoric and revealing more insightful questions into the tensions between the two traditions.

Author Biography

Josiah Baker, Fuller Theological Seminary

Josiah Baker is a PhD candidate at Fuller Theological Seminary in Pasadena, California. He is also the Administrative Assistant of the Southern California Christian Forum. His primary research interests are in ecumenical methodology and Pentecostal involvement in ecumenism.


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How to Cite

Baker, J. (2022). Pentecostal Lyrical Theology in Dialogue with Lutherans on Water Baptism. PentecoStudies, 21(1), 73–94.