Conversion Careers and Culture Politics in Pentecostalism
Time, Space and Mobility in Four Continents
Keywords:conversion, time, mobility, Pentecostalism
The “Conversion Careers” research proposal had as central question: In their operating on the religious market, what is the culture politics followed by Pentecostal churches and how is this connected with their members’ conversion careers? Five qualitative research projects explored this question on four continents, studying Brazilian forms of Pentecostalism in Mozambique, Korean Pentecostalism in Japan, immigrant Pentecostalisms in the Netherlands, non-denominational Pentecostalisms in the Netherlands, and Protestant and Roman Catholic forms of Pentecostalism in Nicaragua. This article presents results for the comparative themes of time, space and mobility. In this context it also addresses culture politics, organizational structure, church cells, church leadership, church growth, and the use of modern mass media in Pentecostal evangelization worldwide.
Anderson, A. 2004. An Introduction to Pentecostalism: Global Charismatic Christianity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Birman, P. 2006. “Future in the Mirror: The Media, Evangelicals and Politics in Rio de Janeiro.” In B. Meyer and A. Moors (eds), Religion, Media and the Public Sphere. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 52-72.
Brusco, E.E. 1995. The Reformation of Machismo: Evangelical Conversion and Gender in Colombia. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press.
Chesnut, R.A. 2003. Competitive Spirits: Latin America’s New Religious Economy. New York: Oxford University Press.
Cho, D.Y. 1977. Successful Home Cell Groups. Plainfield, NJ: Logos Associates.
Coleman, S. 2000. The Globalization of Charismatic Christianity: Spreading the Gospel of Prosperity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/CBO9780511488221
Corten, A., J.-P. Dozon and A.P. Oro (eds). 2003. Les Nouveaux Conquérants de la Foi: L’Église Universelle du Royaume de Dieu (Brésil). Paris: Karthala.
De Witte, M. 2005. “The Spectacular and the Spirits: Charismatics and Neo-traditionalists on Ghanaian Television.” Material Religion: The Journal of Objects, Art and Belief 1.3: 314-34. doi:10.2752/174322005778054050
Droogers, A. 2001. “Globalization and Pentecostal Success.” In: A. Corten and R. MarshallFratani (eds), Between Babel and Pentecost, Transnational Pentecostalism in Africa and Latin America. London: Hurst, 41-61.
— 2003. “The Power Dimensions of the Christian Community: An Anthropological Model.” Religion 33.3: 263-80. doi:10.1016/S0048-721X(03)00059-9
Droogers, A., H. Gooren and A. Houtepen. 2003. Conversion Careers and Culture Politics in Pentecostalism: A Comparative Study in Four Continents. Proposal submitted to the thematic program, “The Future of the Religious Past” of the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO), The Hague.
Einstein, M. 2008. Brands of Faith: Marketing Religion in a Commercial Age. New York: Routledge.
Engelke, M.E. 2004. “Discontinuity and the Discourse of Conversion.” Journal of Religion in Africa 34.1: 82-109. doi:10.1163/157006604323056732
Freston, P. 2001. “The Transnationalisation of Brazilian Pentecostalism: The Universal Church of the Kingdom of God.” In A. Corten and R. Marshall-Fratani (eds), Between Babel and Pentecost: Transnational Pentecostalism in Africa and Latin America. London: Hurst, 196-215.
— 2005. “The Universal Church of the Kingdom of God: A Brazilian Church Finds Success in Southern Africa.” Journal of Religion in Africa 35.1: 33-65. doi:10.1163/1570066052995816
Garrard-Burnett, V. 2007. “Stop Suffering? The Iglesia Universal del Reino de Dios in the United States.” In: T.J. Steigenga and E.L. Cleary (eds), Conversion of a Continent: Religious Identity and Change in Latin America. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 218-38.
Gooren, H. 1999. Rich Among the Poor: Church, Firm, and Household Among Small-scale Entrepreneurs in Guatemala City. Amsterdam: Thela.
— 2001. Reconsidering Protestant Growth in Guatemala, 1900-1995. In: J.W. Dow and A.R. Sandstrom (eds), Holy Saints and Fiery Preachers: The Anthropology of Protestantism in Mexico and Central America. Westport, CT: Greenwood/Praeger, 169-203.
— 2005. “Roman Catholic and Protestant Culture Politics in Nicaragua: A Media-Based Inventory.” PentecoStudies 4.3:1-17.
— 2006. “Religious Market Theory and Conversion: Towards a New Approach.” Exchange 35.1: 39-60. doi:10.1163/157254306776066915
— 2007a. “Conversion Careers in Latin America: Entering and Leaving Church among Pentecostals, Catholics, and Mormons.” In: T.J. Steigenga and E.L. Cleary (eds), Conversion of a Continent: Religious Identity and Change in Latin America, 52-71. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
— 2007b. “Latter-day Saints under Siege: The Unique Story of Mormon Growth in Nicaragua.” Dialogue 40.3:134-55.
— 2008. “Going to Four Different Churches in Nicaragua: Inter-Religious Competition and Conversion Careers.” Paper presented at the Seminar “Edges of Transnational Religion” at Utah Valley State University, Orem (Utah), 27 March.
— 2010. Religious Conversion and Disaffiliation: Tracing Patterns of Change in Faith Practices. New York: Palgrave-Macmillan.
Jenkins, P. 2002. The Next Christendom: The Coming of Global Christianity. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Johnstone, P., and J. Mandryk. 2001. Operation World. Carlisle: Paternoster Publishing.
Klaver, M. 2007. “‘He Touched Me’: Identity Formation, Religious Authority and Community in Dutch Pentecostalism.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for the Scientific Study of Religion. Tampa (Florida), 29-31 October.
— 2008. “Negotiating Tradition: Conversion and Baptism in New Evangelical Churches.” Paper presented at the conference Conversion and Time in Global Pentecostalism. Amsterdam, 12-13 June.
Klaver, M., R. Smit and L. van de Kamp. 2008. “De mobiliteit van de mondiale Pinksterbeweging.” Wapenveld 58.3: 4-14.
Macedo, E. 2000. Orixás, Caboclos & Guias: Deuses ou Demônios? Rio de Janeiro: Universal Produções.
Martin, D. 2002. Pentecostalism: The World Their Parish. Oxford: Blackwell.
Meyer, B. 1998. “‘Make a Complete Break with the Past’: Memory and Post-Colonial Modernity in Ghanaian Pentecostalist Discourse.” Journal of Religion in Africa 28.3: 316-49.
— 1999. Translating the Devil: Religion and Modernity Among the Ewe in Ghana. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
— 2004. “Christianity in Africa: From African Independent to Pentecostal-Charismatic Churches.” Annual Review of Anthropology 33: 447-74. doi:10.1146/annurev.anthro.33.070203.143835
Meyer, B., and A. Moors (eds). 2006. Religion, Media, and the Public Sphere. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.
Noguchi, I. 2010. Crossing Borders and Bridging Ethnicities: The Transnational and Local Dynamics of the Full Gospel Tokyo Church. PhD Dissertation.
Rambo, L. 1993. Understanding Religious Conversion. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Richardson, J.T. (ed.). 1978. Conversion Careers: In and Out of the New Religions. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications.
Sargeant, K.H. 2000. Seeker Churches: Promoting Traditional Religion in a Nontraditional Way. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
Shibly, M.A. 1998. “Contemporary Evangelicals: Born Again and World Affirming.” The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 558: 67-87. doi: 10.1177/0002716298558001007
Smit, R. 2009. “The Church Building: A Sanctuary or a Consecrated Place? Conflicting Views between Angolan Pentecostals and European Presbyterians.” African Diaspora 2: 182-202. doi:10.1163/187254509X12477244375139
Smith, C.L. 2007. Revolution, Revival and Religious Conflict in Sandinista Nicaragua. Leiden and Boston, MA: Brill. doi:10.1163/ej.9789004156456.i-312
Stark, R. and R. Finke. 2000. Acts of Faith: Explaining the Human Side of Religion. Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press.
Van de Kamp, L. 2008. “Converting the Spirit Spouse: Body and Relatedness in Brazilian Pentecostalism in Mozambique’s Urban Space.” Paper presented at the conference Conversion and Time in Global Pentecostalism. Amsterdam, 12-13 June.
— 2010. “Burying Life: Pentecostal Religion and Development in Urban Mozambique.” In: Barbara Bompani and Maria Frahm-Arp (eds), Exploring Religious Spaces in the African State: Development and Politics from Below. New York: Palgrave MacMillan (forthcoming). doi:10.1163/ej.9789004187306.i-280.42
Van de Kamp, L. and R. van Dijk. 2010. “Pentecostals Moving South-South: Brazilian and Ghanaian Transnationalism in Southern Africa.” In: A. Adogame and J. Spickard (eds), Religion Crossing Boundaries: Transnational Dynamics in Africa and the New African Diasporic Religions. Leiden and Boston, MA: Brill (forthcoming).
Van der Laan, Cees. 2008. “Het is ons verlangen iets bij te dragen aan de kerken.” Wapenveld 58 (2): 7-11.
Wijsen, F. and R. Schreiter (eds). 2007. Global Christianity: Contested Claims. Amsterdam and New York: Rodopi.
How to Cite
© Equinox Publishing Ltd.
For information regarding our Open Access policy, click here.