The Jesus People Movement and The Charismatic Movement

A Case for Inclusion

Authors

  • Richard Bustraan University of Birmingham

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1558/ptcs.v10i1.29

Keywords:

Pentecostal/charismatic history, Jesus People Movement, Charismatic Movement

Abstract

This article proposes that the Jesus People Movement should be considered part of the Charismatic Movement and that the taken-for-granted Third Wave as a historical paradigm stands as an obstacle to its inclusion. Although commonly interpreted throughout the 1970s as a third synchronic cousin with the Roman Catholic Charismatic Renewal and the Protestant Charismatic Renewal, Pentecostal and Charismatic scholarship’s paucity on the Jesus People Movement has resulted in its omission from the historiography of twentieth century American Pentecostalism. This exclusion was not an intentional decision, but the consequence of a lack in synchronic links to Pentecostal and Charismatic scholarship during the 1970s and the adoption of Peter Wagner’s Third Wave in the 1980s. Now that a decade has passed since the close of the century, time affords scholarship the necessary distance to reflect and reconsider how the twentieth century Pentecostal and Charismatic story might reconstructed.

Author Biography

Richard Bustraan, University of Birmingham

Richard Bustraan is a PhD student at the University of Birmingham studying Pentecostal studies. Email: [email protected]

References

Balmer, Randall Herbert, Mine Eyes Have Seen the Glory: A Journey into the Evangelical Subculture in America (New York: Oxford University Press, 1993).

Balmer, Randall Herbert and Jesse T. Todd Jr., “Calvary Chapel Costa Mesa California.” In James P. Wind and James W. Lewis (eds), American Congregations: Volume 1 Portraits of Twelve Religious Communities (London: The University of Chicago Press, 1994), pp. 663–98.

Barrett, David B., “Neo-Pentecostals.” In David Barrett (ed.) World Christian Encyclopedia: A Comparative Survey of Churches and Religions in the Modern World A.D. 1900– 2000 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1982), p. 712.

— “Preface.” In David B. Barrett (ed.), World Christian Encyclopedia: A Comparative Survey of Churches and Religions in the Modern World A.D. 1900–2000 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1982).

Barrett, David B., George T. Kurian and Todd M. Johnson, World Christian Encyclopedia: A Comparative Survey of Churches and Religions in the Modern World. Vol. 1 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001).

— “The Twentieth-Century Pentecostal/Charismatic Renewal in the Holy Spirit with Its Goal of World Evangelization.” International Bulletin of Missionary Research 12.3 (1988), p.119.

Blumhofer, Edith L., Russell P. Spittler and Grant A. Wacker (eds), Pentecostal Currents in American Protestantism (Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1999).

Cerillo, Augustus. “Beginnings of American Pentecostalism.” In Edith L. Blumhofer, Russell P. Spittler and Grant A. Wacker (eds), Pentecostal Currents in American Protestantism (Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1999), pp. 229–58.

Creech, Joe, “Visions of Glory: The Place of the Azusa Street Revival in Pentecostal History.” American Society Church History 65.3 (1996), pp. 405–24. http://dx.doi. org/10.2307/3169938

Di Sabatino, David, “The Jesus People Movement : Counterculture Revival and Evangelical Renewal.” Master’s Thesis, McMaster Divinity College, 1994.

— The Jesus People Movement: An Annotated Bibliography and General Resource (Lake Forest, CA: Jester Media, 2004).

— Frisbee: The Life and Death of a Hippie Preacher. Film directed by David Di Sabatino. Lake Forest, CA: Jester Media, 2005.

Enroth, Ronald M. PhD., Edward E. Ericson, Jr., PhD., and C. Breckinridge Peters, B.A., The Story of the Jesus People, a Factual Survey (Exeter: Paternoster Press, 1972).

Eskridge, Larry, “Jesus People.” In Erwin Fahlbusch et al., (eds), The Encyclopedia of Christianity Vol. 3 (Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 1999), p. 912. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3170772

— “One Way: Billy Graham, the ‘Jesus Generation’ and the Idea of an Evangelical Youth Culture.” Church History 67.1 (March 1998), pp. 83–106.

Eskridge, Larry and Di Sabatino, David, “The ‘Remembering the Jesus Movement’ Survey Highlights.” http://www.one-way.org/jesusmovement/index.html:%20one-way.org 2004 (accessed 15 November 2008).

Fromm, Charles, “Textual Communities and New Song in the Multimedia Age: The Routinization of Charisma in the Jesus Movement.” PhD dissertation, Fuller Theological Seminary, 2006.

Hills, James W.L., “The New Charismatics 1973.” Eternity (March).

Hocken, Peter D., “Charismatic Movement.” In Stanley M. Burgess (ed.), The New International Dictionary of Pentecostal and Charismatic Movements (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2002), pp. 477–519.

— “The Challenge of Non-Denominational Charismatic Christianity.” Paper presented at the Experiences of the Spirit, Utrecht University, 1989.

— The Challenges of the Pentecostal, Charismatic and Messianic Jewish Movements: The Tensions of the Spirit (Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing, 2009).

— “Charismatic Movement.” In Erwin Fahlbusch et al., (eds), The Encyclopedia of Christianity, Vol.1 (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans Publishing, 1999).

— “Charismatic Movement.” In Stanley M. Burgess (ed.), The New International Dictionary of Pentecostal and Charismatic Movements (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2002), pp. 477–519.

— “The Charismatic Movement in the United States.” PNEUMA: The Journal of the Society for Pentecostal Studies 16.2 (1994), pp.191–214.

Hollenweger, Walter J., Pentecost Between Black and White: Five Case Studies on Pentecost and Politics (Belfast: Christian Journals Ltd, 1974).

Hunt, Stephen J., “Anglican Wimberites.” PNEUMA: The Journal of the Society for Pentecostal Studies 17.1 (1995), pp. 105–18.

— “Were the Jesus People Pentecostals?” PentecoStudies 7.1 (2008), pp. 1–33.

Jacob, Michael, Pop Goes Jesus: An Investigation of Pop Religion in Britain and America (London: The Alden Press, 1972).

Jones, C.E., “Jesus People.” In Stanley M. Burgess and Gary B. McGee (eds), Dictionary of Pentecostal and Charismatic Movements (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1988). pp. 491–92.

Kay, William K., and Anne E. Dyer (eds), Pentecostal and Charismatic Studies (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004).

Leech, Kenneth, Youthquake, the Growth of a Counter-Culture through Two Decades (London: Sheldon Press, 1973).

Lewis, Paul W. Ph.D., “Reflections of a Hundred Years of Pentecostal Theology.” Cyberjournal for Pentecostal-Charismatic Research 12 (2003). See, http://www.pctii. org/cyberj/cyberj12/lewis.html (accessed 10 April 2008).

Richard F. Lovelace, Dynamics of Spiritual Life: An Evangelical Theology of Renewal. (Exeter: The Paternoster Press, 1979).

Lyra, Synesio Jr., “Rise and Development of the Jesus Movement.” Calvin Theological Journal (April 1973), pp. 40–61.

Ma, Wonsuk, “A ‘First Waver’ Looks at the ‘Third Wave’: A Pentecostal Reflection on Charles Kraft’s Power Encounter Terminology.” PNEUMA: The Journal of the Society for Pentecostal Studies 19.2 (1997), pp. 189–206.

MacDonald, John A., House of Acts (Carol Stream, IL: Creation House, 1970).

Miller, Donald E., Reinventing American Protestantism: Christianity in a New Millennium (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1997).

Miller, Timothy, The 60s Communes: Hippies and Beyond (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1999).

Newberg, Eric N., “Charismatic Movement.” In Stanley M. Burgess (ed.), Encyclopedia of Pentecostal and Charismatic Christianity (London: Routledge, 2006), p. 89,

Noll, Mark A., A History of Christianity in the United States and Canada (London: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1992).

Ortega, Ruben, The Jesus People Speak Out (London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1972).

Palms, Roger C., The Jesus Kids (London: SCM Press Ltd, 1972).

Philpott, Kent, Interview with author. September 26, 2009.

Pin, Emile Jean, “En guise d’introduction, ou comment se sauver de l’anomie et de l’aliénation: Jesus People et Catholiques Pentecostaux.” Social Compass 21.3 (1974), pp. 227–39. http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1177/003776867402100301

Plowman, Edward E., The Jesus Movement: Accounts of Christian Revolutionaries in Action (London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1972).

Poloma, Margaret, Main Street Mystics: Toronto Blessing & Reviving Pentecostalism (Lanham, MD: AltaMira Press, 2003).

— “The Charismatic Movement: Is There a New Pentecost?” In Irwin Sanders (ed.), Social Movements Past and Present (Boston, MA: Twayne Publishers, 1982).

— “The Spirit Movement in North America at the Millennium: From Azusa Street to Toronto, Pensacola and Beyond.” The Journal of Pentecostal Theology 6.12 (1998), pp. 83–107. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/096673699800601206

Pratt, Thomas D., “The Need to Dialogue: A Review of the Debate on Signs, Wonders, Miracles and Spiritual Warfare in the Literature of the Third Wave Movement.” PNEUMA: The Journal of the Society for Pentecostal Studies 13.1 (1991), pp. 7–23.

Quebedeaux, Richard, The New Charismatics: The Origins, Development, and Significance of Neo-Pentecostalism (Garden City, NJ: Doubleday & Company, Inc., 1975).

Richardson, James T., “Comparative Studies of Neo-Pentecostalism.” Paper read at the biannual meeting of International Conference for the Society of Religion, Spain, 1975.

— “Comparison and Contrast of Two Glossolalia Movements.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Scientific Study of Religion, Philadelphia, PA, October 1976.

— “Deprivation, Alienation and Contemporary Glossolalia Movements.” Paper read at the annual meeting of the Society for Scientific Study of Religion, Chicago, IL, 1971.

—”Psychological Interpretations of Glossolalia: A Reexamination of Research,” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 12.2 (1973), 199–207. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1384889

Richardson, James T., Mary White Stewart and Robert B. Simmonds, Organized Miracles: A Study of a Contemporary, Youth, Communal, Fundamentalist Organization (New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Books, 1979).

Richardson, James T., and M.T.V. Reidy, “Form and Fluidity in Two Contemporary Glossolalic Movements,” The Annual Review of the Social Sciences of Religion 4 (1980), 183–220.

Reid, Alvin Lee, “The Impact of the Jesus Movement on Evangelism among Southern Baptists.” PhD dissertation, Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, 1991.

Romanowski, William D., “Rock’n’religion: A Sociocultural Analysis of the Contemporary Christian Music Industry.” PhD dissertation, Bowling Green State University, 1990.

Shires, Preston, Hippies of the Religious Right (Waco, TX: Baylor University Press, 2007).

Springer, Kevin, Riding the Third Wave: What Comes after Renewal (Hants: Marshall Morgan and Scott, 1987).

Synan, Vinson, The Century of the Holy Spirit: 100 Years of Pentecostal and Charismatic Renewal (Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson Publishers, 2001).

— The Holiness Pentecostal Tradition: Charismatic Movements in the Twentieth Century (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans Publishing Co., 2nd edn,1997).

— “The Spirit Said ‘Grow’” (Monrovia: Marc, 1992).

Wacker, Grant, “Bibliography,” In Stanley M. Burgess and Gary B. McGee (eds), The Dictionary of Pentecostal and Charismatic Movements (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1988), p. 69.

Wagner, C.P., “A Third Wave?” Pastoral Renewal (July-August 1983), pp. 1–5.

— On the Crest of the Wave: Becoming a World Christian (Ventura, CA: Gospel Light Publications, 1983).

— “The Third Wave,” In Stanley M. Burgess (ed.), The New International Dictionary of Pentecostal and Charismatic Movements (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2002), p. 1141.

— The Third Wave of the Holy Spirit (Ann Arbor, MI: Vine Books, 1988).

— “Wimber, John,” in Stanley M. Burgess (ed.), The New International Dictionary of Pentecostal and Charismatic Movements (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2002), pp. 1199, 1200.

Wagner, Frederick Norman, “A Theological and Historical Assessment of the Jesus People Phenomenon.” PhD dissertation, Fuller Theological Seminary, 1971.

Wimber, Carol, John Wimber: The Way It Was (Hodder & Stoughton, 1999).

No Author, “The New Rebel Cry.” Time, July 21, 1971.

Web Site Sources

http://www.glopent.net/global-pentecostalism/north-america (accessed September 9, 2009).

http://www.oru.edu/university/library/holyspirit/pentorg1.html (accessed 25 August, 2009).

http://www.rapidnet.com/~jbeard/bdm/Psychology/char/abrief.htm (accessed November 7, 2009).

http://www.sps-usa.org/about/home.htm (accessed November 3, 2009).

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charismatic_Movement (accessed November 7, 2009).

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Third_Wave_of_the_Holy_Spirit (accessed November 7, 2009).

http://www.vineyardusa.org/site/about/vineyard-history accessed January 7, 2009.

Published

2011-09-29

How to Cite

Bustraan, R. (2011). The Jesus People Movement and The Charismatic Movement: A Case for Inclusion. PentecoStudies, 10(1), 29–49. https://doi.org/10.1558/ptcs.v10i1.29

Issue

Section

Articles