Where the Wind Blows

Pentecostal Christians in Hong Kong and Singapore


  • William K. Kay Glyndŵr University




Pentecostalism, church growth, spiritual gifts, Southeast Asia


Pentecostal churches have grown during the last century. They have achieved this growth under almost all cultural conditions. The world population has also grown and rebalanced itself away from the West. Asian cities may be thought to represent the future of Christianity. Hong Kong and Singapore are credible representatives of these cities. Academic engagement with Pentecostalism has led to several hypotheses to explain the growth of Pentecostalism and five of these are tested empirically here. Using freshly collected data, this paper presents the results of these findings and concludes, among other things, that charismatic empowerment is one of the keys to growth.

Author Biography

William K. Kay, Glyndŵr University

William Kay is a well-known British Pentecostal educationalist from Glyndwr University, whose recent time in southeast and east Asia with a Templeton grant has enabled him to conduct research on Pentecostalism in this region, particularly in the Chinese English-speaking communities.


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How to Cite

Kay, W. (2012). Where the Wind Blows: Pentecostal Christians in Hong Kong and Singapore. PentecoStudies, 11(2), 128–148. https://doi.org/10.1558/ptcs.v11i2.128