Pentecost for Others

Dietrich Bonhoeffer According to Walter Hollenweger


  • Nikolaj Christensen University of Birmingham



Pentecostalism, Walter J. Hollenweger, Dietrich Bonhoeffer, Ecumenism, Christian Unity, Mission of the Church


The life and writings of Dietrich Bonhoeffer have been a great inspiration to many Christians, not least in the ecumenical movement. His works could also be a resource for dialogue between traditional Western Protestant churches and the growing global Pentecostal and Charismatic movement. Walter Hollenweger’s many uses of Bonhoeffer in reflections on the social impact of Pentecostalism provide a starting point to define five theses concerning the charismatic, socio-political, contextual, distinctive and ecumenical qualities of Pentecostalism. Protestant and Pentecostal churches have much to learn from one another, and it is to the detriment of human development that the dialogue between these two traditions has largely been neglected. Hollenweger’s work shows that Bonhoeffer’s theology would be a great place to begin a both critical and sympathetic discussion – and a closer look at Bonhoeffer’s works might reveal more than we find in Hollenweger.

Author Biography

Nikolaj Christensen, University of Birmingham

Nikolaj Christensen is a PhD candidate under supervision of Professor Allan Anderson at the Centre for Pentecostal and Charismatic Studies, Department of Theology and Religion, University of Birmingham, United Kingdom. He is currently working on a historical study of the early Pentecostal movement in Denmark, 1907– 24. He holds an MTh from Aarhus University, Denmark, since 2013.


Anderson, Allan H., and Walter J. Hollenweger (eds.). Pentecostals after a Century. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic, 1999.

Anderson, Allan H. Spreading Fires: The Missionary Nature of Early Pentecostalism. London: SCM Press, 2007.

Bonhoeffer, Dietrich. Discipleship. Ed. M. Kuske et al.; trans. B. Green and R. Krauss; Dietrich Bonhoeffer Works, 4; Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2001.

Bonhoeffer, Dietrich. Life Together. Prayerbook of the Bible. Ed. G. L. Müller et al.; trans. D.W. Bloesch and J.H. Burtness; Dietrich Bonhoeffer Works, 5; Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1996.

Bonhoeffer, Dietrich. Ethics. Ed. I. Tödt et al.; trans. R. Krauss, C. C. West, and D. W. Stott; Dietrich Bonhoeffer Works, 6; Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2005.

Bonhoeffer, Dietrich. Letters and Papers from Prison. Ed. C. Gremmels et al.; trans. I. Best et al.; Dietrich Bonhoeffer Works, 8; Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2010.

Bonhoeffer, Dietrich. Barcelona, Berlin, New York: 1928–1931. Ed. R. Staats et al.; trans. D. W. Stott; Dietrich Bonhoeffer Works, 10; Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2008.

Bonhoeffer, Dietrich. Ecumenical, Academic, and Pastoral Work: 1931–1932. Ed. E. Amelung et al.; trans. A. Schmidt-Lange et al.; Dietrich Bonhoeffer Works, 10; Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2012.

Bonhoeffer, Dietrich. Theological Education at Finkenwalde: 1935–1937. Ed. O. Dudzus et al.; trans. D. W. Stott; Dietrich Bonhoeffer Works, 14; Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2013.

Bosch, David J. Transforming Mission: Paradigm Shifts in Theology of Mission. Maryknoll: Orbis, 20th Anniversary Edn, 2011.

Caldas, Carlos. “Bonhoeffer in Brazil: An Analysis of Brazilian Neopentecostalism from a Bonhoefferian Perspective.” In J. W. de Gruchy, S. Plant, and C. Tietz (eds.), Dietrich Bonhoeffers Theologie Heute: Ein Weg zwischen Fundamentalismus und Säkularismus? / Dietrich Bonhoeffer’s Theology Today: A Way between Fundamentalism and Secularism? Gütersloh: Gütersloher Verlagshaus, 2009, pp. 188-200.

Christensen, Nikolaj. “Nådegaver for andre: Guds mission og Åndens udrustning ifølge Dietrich Bonhoeffer og Walter Hollenweger.” Dansk Tidsskrift for Teologi og Kirke 41.4 (2014), pp. 285-95 (= [Author] (2014))

Clements, Keith. “Ecumenical witness for peace.” In John W. de Gruchy (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Dietrich Bonhoeffer. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999, pp. 154-72.

Cox, Harvey. The Secular City: Secularization and Urbanization in Theological Perspective. London: SCM Press, 1966.

Cox, Harvey. Religion in the Secular City. New York: Touchstone, 1984.

Cox, Harvey. “Some Personal Reflections on Pentecostalism.” Pneuma 15.1 (1993), pp. 29-34.

Farah, Charles, Jr. “A Critical Analysis: The ‘Roots and Fruits’ of Faith-formula Theology.” Pneuma 3.1 (1981), pp. 3-21.

Ford, David F. “Holy Spirit and Christian spirituality.” In Kevin J. Vanhoozer (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Postmodern Theology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003, pp. 269-90.

Hollenweger Walter J. (ed.). The Church for Others and The Church for the World. Geneva: World Council of Churches, 1967.

Hollenweger, Walter J. “Evangelism and Brazilian Pentecostals.” The Ecumenical Review 20.2 (1968), pp. 163-70.

Hollenweger, Walter J. “Das Charisma in der Ökumene: Der Beitrag der Pfingstbewegung an die allgemeine Kirche.” Una Sancta 25 (1970), pp. 150-59.

Hollenweger, Walter J. The Pentecostals. Trans. R. A. Wilson; London: SCM Press, 1972.

Hollenweger, Walter J. Pentecost between Black and White. Belfast: Christian Journals Limited, 1976.

Hollenweger, Walter J. Evangelism Today. Good News or Bone of Contention? Belfast: Christian Journals Limited, 1976.

Hollenweger, Walter J. Interkulturelle Theologie. 3 vols. entitled Erfahrungen der Leibhaftigkeit, Umgang mit Mythen, and Geist und Materie; Munich: Chr. Kaiser, 1979, 1982, 1988.

Hollenweger, Walter J. “Charismatic Renewal in the Third World: Implications for Mission.” Occasional Bulletin of Missionary Research 4.2 (1980), pp. 68-75.

Hollenweger, Walter J. “Dietrich Bonhoeffer and William J. Seymour. A Comparison between two ecumenists.” Norsk tidsskrift for misjon 39.3-4 (1985), pp. 192-201.

Hollenweger, Walter J. Pentecostalism: Origins and Developments Worldwide. Peabody: Hendrickson, 1997.

Hollenweger, Walter J. “Roman Catholics and Pentecostals in Dialogue” (review essay). Pneuma 21.1 (1999), pp. 135-153.

Hollenweger, Walter J. “An Introduction to Pentecostalisms.” Journal of Beliefs and Values 25.2 (2004), pp. 125-37.

Jenkins, Philip. The New Faces of Christianity: Believing the Bible in the Global South. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006.

Jongeneel, Jan A.B., et al. (eds.). Pentecost, Mission and Ecumenism: Essays on Intercultural Theology. Festschrift in Honour of Professor Walter J. Hollenweger. Studien zur Interkulturellen Geschichte des Christentums, 75; Frankfurt: Peter Lang, 1992.

Oblau, Gotthard. “Pentecostal by Default? Contemporary Christianity in China.” In Allan Anderson & Edmond Tang (eds.), Asian and Pentecostal: The Charismatic Face of Christianity in Asia. Oxford: Regnum, 2nd edn, 2011, pp. 333-353.

Price, Lynne. Theology Out of Place: A Theological Biography of Walter J. Hollenweger. Journal of Pentecostal Theology Supplement Series, 23; London: Sheffield Academic, 2002.

Robeck, Cecil M. “Ecumenism.” In Allan Anderson et al. (eds.), Studying Global Pentecostalism: Theories and Methods. The Anthropology of Christianity, 10; Berkeley: University of California Press, 2010, pp. 286-307.

Shaull, Richard. “From Academic Research to Spiritual Transformation: Reflections on a Study of Pentecostalism in Brazil.” Pneuma 28.1 (1998), pp. 71-84.

Zahl, Simeon. Pneumatology and Theology of the Cross in the Preaching of Christoph Friedrich Blumhardt: The Holy Spirit between Wittenberg and Azusa Street. London: T&T Clark, 2010.



How to Cite

Christensen, N. (2016). Pentecost for Others: Dietrich Bonhoeffer According to Walter Hollenweger. PentecoStudies, 15(1), 25–45.