Negotiating Evangelicalism and Pentecostalism

Global Entanglements, Identity Politics and the Future of Pentecostal Studies

Authors

  • Giovanni Maltese University of Hamburg
  • Judith Bachmann Universität Heidelberg
  • Katja Rakow Universiteit Utrecht

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1558/pent.38778

Keywords:

Pentecostal studies, Evangelicalism, identity politics, local negotiations, global entanglements, discourse, hegemony, antagonism, knowledge production, equivalential chains

Abstract

Pentecostal studies seems to be caught in a deadlock with regard to its subject matter of research. Most definitions of Pentecostalism appear either too broad or too narrow compared with the inclusive sense in which "Pentecostalism" is used in academia. Scholars admit that Pentecostal is a "fuzzy category", but still, they opt for a combination of essentialist definitions, rarely investigating whether their empirical data could open up fresh perspectives on how to conceptualize the subject matter of Pentecostal studies. Others postulate a "Pentecostalization" of Christianity and/or tend to dissolve Pentecostal studies into the study of Evangelicalism and/or Catholicism for other reasons. Still others prefer to speak of Pentecostalisms in the plural or seem to have given up on finding a consensus. The introduction to this special issue proposes an alternative approach. Drawing on Michael Bergunder's work, it suggests to conceptualize Pentecostalism as a name that keeps together various equivalential chains. As the articles collected in this special issues show, this means to investigate the meaning "Pentecostalism" assumes in specific research contexts as product of local identity politics and analyse its entanglement in a global discourse about "Pentecostalism".

Author Biographies

Giovanni Maltese, University of Hamburg

Giovanni Maltese is assistant professor of religious studies and global christianity at the Faculty of Humanities, University of Hamburg. His research focuses on religion and politics with a special interest in global Pentecostalism and reformist Islam, history of religion in Southeast Asia, and theory and methods of religious studies.

Judith Bachmann, Universität Heidelberg

Judith Bachmann is a research and teaching fellow at the Department of Religious Studies and Intercultural Theology, University of Heidelberg, Germany. She has studied at the University of Heidelberg, the University of Leipzig (Germany) and the University of Gloucestershire (UK), and has received a diploma in Protestant Theology from the University of Heidelberg. Her current project concerns the study of witchcraft concepts among Christians and Muslims in Ibadan, Nigeria. She is particularly interested in Pentecostalism and Islam in Africa.

Katja Rakow, Universiteit Utrecht

Katja Rakow is associate professor of religious studies at the Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies of Utrecht University. Her research focuses on megachurches in the US and Singapore, with a special interest in material religion and the transcultural dynamics of religious practices and discourses.

References

Anderson, A. H. 2004. An Introduction to Pentecostalism: Global Charismatic Christianity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Anderson, A. H. 2010. “Varieties, Taxonomies, and Definitions”. In A. Anderson et al. (eds), Studying Global Pentecostalism: Theories and Methods. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press: 13–29. https://doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520266612.003.0002

Anderson, A. H. 2013. To the Ends of the Earth: Pentecostalism and the Transformation of World Christianity. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Anderson, A. H., M. Bergunder, A. Droogers and C. van der Laan (eds). 2010. Studying Global Pentecostalism Theories and Methods. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Bachmann, J. 2017. “Between the Private and the Public Sphere: Pentecostals Dealing with Witchcraft in Ibadan, Nigeria”. PentecoStudies 16(2): 160–77. https://doi.org/10.1558/ptcs.32072

Barrett, D. B. (ed.). 1982. World Christian Encyclopedia: A Comparative Study of Churches and Religions in the Modern World; Ad 1900–2000. Nairobi: Oxford University Press.

Barrett, D. B., G. T. Kurian and T. M. Johnson (eds). 2001. World Christian Encyclopedia: A Comparative Survey of Churches and Religions in the Modern World, 2nd edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Bergunder, M. 2009. “Der ‘Cultural Turn’ Und Die Erforschung Der Weltweiten Pfingstbewegung”. Evangelische Theologie 69(4): 245–69. https://doi.org/10.14315/evth-2009-69-4-245

Bergunder, M. 2010. “The Cultural Turn [and Studying Global Pentecostalism]”. In A. Anderson et al. (eds), Studying Global Pentecostalism: Theories and Methods. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press: 51–73.

Bergunder, M. 2014. “What Is Religion? The Unexplained Subject Matter of Religious Studies”. Method and Theory in the Study of Religion 26(3): 246–86.

https://doi.org/10.1163/15700682-12341320

Blanes, R. 2017. “The Ndoki Index: Sorcery, Economy, and Invisible Operations in the Angolan Urban Sphere”. In K. Rio et al. (eds), Pentecostalism and Witchcraft: Spiritual Warfare in Africa and Melanesia. Cham: Springer: 93–114. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56068-7_4

Butler, J. 1995. “For a Careful Reading”. In S. Benhabib et al. (eds), Feminist Contentions: A Philosophical Exchange. New York: Routledge: 127–43.

Coleman, S. 2017. The Anthropology of Global Pentecostalism and Evangelicalism. New York: New York University Press.

Frahm-Arp, M. 2019. “Pentecostalism, Politics, and Prosperity in South Africa”. In R. G. Robins (ed.), Current Trajectories in Global Pentecostalism: Culture, Social Engagement, and Change. Basel: MDPI: 59–114.

Haustein, J. 2011. Writing Religious History. The Historiography of Ethiopian Pentecostalism. Wiesbaden: Harrasowitz.

Hermann, A. 2015. Unterscheidungen der Religion: Analysen zum globalen Religionsdiskurs und dem Problem der Differenzierung von “Religion” in buddhistischen Kontexten des 19. und frühen 20. Jahrhunderts. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck. https://doi.org/10.13109/9783666540400

Johnson, T. M. 2014. “Counting Pentecostals Worldwide”. Pneuma 36(2): 265–88. https://doi.org/10.1163/15700747-03602006

Le, V. 2018. Vietnamese Evangelicals and Pentecostalism: The Politics of Divine Intervention. Leiden: Brill. https://doi.org/10.1163/9789004383838

MacCarthy, M. 2017. “Jesus Lives in Me: Pentecostal Conversions, Witchcraft Confessions, and Gendered Power in the Trobriand Islands”. In K. Rio et al. (eds), Pentecostalism and Witchcraft: Spiritual Warfare in Africa and Melanesia. Cham: Springer: 145–62.

https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56068-7_6

Maltese, G. 2017. Pentekostalismus, Politik Und Gesellschaft in Den Philippinen. Baden-Baden: Ergon. https://doi.org/10.5771/9783956503696

Maltese, G. 2019. “Reproductive Health Law: Pentecostals and Hegemony in the Philippines”. Journal of Law and Religion 34(1): forthcoming.

Neubert, F. 2016. Die Diskursive Konstitution von Religion. Wiesbaden: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-12354-3

Pew. 2007. Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals. Washington, DC: Pew Research. Retrieved from www.pewforum.org/2006/10/05/historical-overview-of-pentecostalism-in-philippines (accessed 27 September 2013).

Quaas, A. D. 2011. Transnationale Pfingstkirchen: Christ Apostolic Church Und Redeemed Christian Church of God. Frankfurt: Lembeck.

Robeck, C. M. and A. Yong (eds). 2014. “Global Pentecostalism: An Introduction to an Introduction”. In C. M. Robeck and A. Yong (eds), The Cambridge Companion to Pentecostalism. New York: Cambridge University Press: 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1017/CCO9780511910111.002

Strong, T. 2017. “Becoming Witches: Sight, Sin, and Social Change in the Eastern Highlands of Papua New Guinea”. In K. Rio et al. (eds), Pentecostalism and Witchcraft: Spiritual Warfare in Africa and Melanesia. Cham: Springer: 67–92. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56068-7_3

Suarsana, Y. 2013. Pandita Ramabai und die Erfindung der Pfingstbewegung: Postkoloniale Religionsgeschichtsschreibung am Beispiel des “Mukti Revival”. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz. https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctvc2rk4f

Trein, L. 2016. “Die Zeit der Gegenwart: Historiographische Aspekte von Religion in religionswissenschaftlicher Perspektive”. Zeitschrift für Religionswissenschaft 24(1): 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1515/zfr-2015-0015

Published

2019-06-20

How to Cite

Maltese, G., Bachmann, J., & Rakow, K. (2019). Negotiating Evangelicalism and Pentecostalism: Global Entanglements, Identity Politics and the Future of Pentecostal Studies. PentecoStudies, 18(1), 7–19. https://doi.org/10.1558/pent.38778