One means, many goals
Overimitation of language learning resources
Keywords:Second language acquisition, sociocultural theory, imitation, verbalization, orientation, self-regulation
Overimitation – the imitation of irrelevant elements in an action – seems to be both uniquely human and developmental, just as language is. This case study looks at how an adult Thai EFL learner used verbalization through self-questioning during the final task in a six-week intervention on reading-to-write. The study is situated in sociocultural theory and involves a microgenetic analysis of a video-recording of the participant verbalizing during the task, triangulated with proficiency testing, questionnaires, interviews, classroom field notes, and member checking. The findings show the participant oriented to the reading-to write task in several ways, one of which was by overimitating a list of questions he had been provided as a meditational support, by using the question list not only in order to self-regulate by monitoring his comprehension and managing the task as he had been encouraged to do, but also to practice making questions. By practicing question making he repurposed a task at the edge of his abilities into one better suited to his proficiency level, and managed to address the task goals set by the researcher and his own goals. Examining imitation and overimitation can provide practical pedagogical information to teachers as well as theoretical insights into language learning.
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