Feminine Frequencies

An Intergenerational Dialogue between Soundwomen


  • Monique Charles Independent scholar




sound women, all-women sound system, Black British history, politics, technology


This article recounts a critical conversation between two Black British sound women, conducted by a Black British female scholar. Together DJ Ade and Junie Rankin (real names Lynda Rosenior-Patten and June Reid) form Nzinga Soundz, one of the UK’s longest running, all-women sound systems. Thali Lotus owns and runs CAYA Sound System, established and built in 2016 with the aim of promoting reggae music as an educational, charitable, entertaining and entrepreneurial tool. Resulting from an extensive double interview conducted by Dr Monique Charles, leading scholar on grime and Black Atlantic performances, the piece offers an insight into issues of race, gender, knowledge transmission and use of technology as reflected in the work of two female reggae outputs. Combining the critical insight of a scholar with the self-reflection and self-articulation of music practitioners, the article explores the way in which the practice of reggae sound systems is constantly rearticulated as a work of art, business enterprise and tool of empowerment for oneself and the wider community in the British context.

Author Biography

Monique Charles, Independent scholar

Monique Charles (https://drmoniquecharles. com) completed her PhD at Warwick University focusing on “race”, spirituality, class, gender and music as it relates to grime. Her research highlights her interest in music, spirituality, sociology and the African Diaspora. Her book chapter “Grime Central! Subterranean Ground-in Grit Engulfing Manicured Mainstream Spaces” in edited volume Blackness in Britain (Routledge, 2016), is one of the first scholarly works focusing specifically on grime. 





How to Cite

Charles, M. (2021). Feminine Frequencies: An Intergenerational Dialogue between Soundwomen. Journal of World Popular Music, 8(1), 124–140. https://doi.org/10.1558/jwpm.43092