Journal of Language and Discrimination <p dir="ltr">The<em> Journal of Language and Discrimination</em> provides a multidisciplinary platform to broadcast important social issues, focusing on the close relationship between many forms of discrimination and social (in)equality and language. The journal publishes multidisciplinary yet inclusive research of a high scholarly standard, not published or under consideration elsewhere, and with a strong empirical component.</p> en-US <p>© Equinox Publishing Ltd.</p> <p>For information regarding our Open Access policy, <a title="Open access policy." href="">click here</a>.</p> (Massimiliano Demata and Natalia Knoblock) (Ailsa Parkin) Fri, 14 Oct 2022 11:56:48 +0000 OJS 60 Language and Decoloniality in Higher Education: Reclaiming Voices from the South Edited by Zannie Bock and Christopher Stroud <p>Language and Decoloniality in Higher Education: Reclaiming Voices from the South Edited by Zannie Bock and Christopher Stroud London: Bloomsbury, 221 pp.</p> Beth Malory Copyright (c) 2022 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Fri, 14 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ‘Immigrants, hell on board’ <p>Social media platforms provide direct access to an unprecedented amount of content and can amplify rumours and questionable information. Moreover, when polarisation is high, misinformation can easily spread. Some studies have indicated that fake news and false information can spread faster and furtherthan fact-based news, as it may be based on more stereotypical and less complex content. This research aims to examine racial misinformation. ‘Racial hoaxes are becoming a popular discursive strategy to disguise racism’. The main characteristic of racial hoaxes is that they are born out of the ideology of ethnic prejudice. Therefore, it is essential to shed light on these hoaxes’ socio-psychological characteristics to understand how to recognise, analyse and resist them. Based on these theoretical considerations, this research aims to analyse one hundred Italian news articles containing racial hoaxes collected in 2020 and 2021. For this purpose, a content analysis was conducted to code the psycho-linguistic features of subject description and mode, including stereotypes and components of journalistic attitude such as discrediting forms and affective lexicon. The analysis indicates that racial hoaxes have socio-cognitive features, stereotypes and evaluative forms of prejudice that can potentially lead to greater media reinforcement of false stereotypes because they are strictly associated with familiar and concrete linguistic forms.</p> Francesca D’Errico, Concetta Papapicco, Mariona Taulé Delor Copyright (c) 2022 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Wed, 05 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ‘So, it’s not necessarily about exclusion’ <p>Trans-exclusionary radical feminists challenge transgender people (specifically women) from within a claimed feminist struggle. They exclude transgender women and instead claim they are men colonising women’s spaces. I present a conversation analytic and analytical membership categorisation case study of a national radio interview in which the spokesperson for a trans-exclusionary feminist political group debates with the host on the nature of trans women and their exclusion from women’s spaces. I show how the interviewee accomplishes trans exclusion in talk,, often without making explicit claims about trans women, by constructing both biologically essentialist and experiential distinctions between trans and cis women, constructing trans women as participants in patriarchal oppression, and by problematising a claimed redefinition of the category woman being enacted by trans women. This analysis highlights how transphobic (and specifically transmisogynistic) attitudes are accomplished in social interaction through sequential action and categorial inferences.</p> Elle Felicity Henderson Copyright (c) 2022 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Wed, 05 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Linguistic white privilege <p>This paper describes how ideologies about Spanish shape the linguistic performance of Latinxs in post-Katrina New Orleans, demonstrating that these linguistic choices are shaped by linguistic white privilege. Locally relevant iterations of discourses related to the Latinx Threat Narrative (LTN) (Chavez 2013) embody raciolinguistic ideologies in order to construct public space as white space (Hill 1998), where the linguistic performance of whites is perceived as invisible, natural and standard, while the linguistic performance of Latinx speakers is perceived as disorderly, dangerous and non-standard, and subject to monitoring, policing and stigmatisation. Thus, access to positive linguistic identities is restricted to Anglo speakers. The analysis presented here underscores the role of sociopolitical context in shaping linguistic performance and highlights the need for sociolinguistic analyses focused on understanding not just linguistic performance but also the sociopolitical realities which shape this performance.</p> <p>The argument is developed based on close readings of transcriptions of sociolinguistic interviews (n=33) conducted with Latinx participants in New Orleans in 2017 and 2018. Interviews were transcribed and coded for evidence of LTN discourses, as well as how clues to how these discourses are implicated in the articulation of public space in New Orleans. The analysis emphasises the need for sociolinguistic research focused on understanding the social context of the language use of minoritised populations, particularly in terms of the linguistic ideologies shaping language perception. This article contributes to the study of language and discrimination by identifying specific raciolinguistic ideologies and by illustrating how these ideologies are articulated in terms of threat discourses that function to articulate public space.</p> Tom Lewis Copyright (c) 2022 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Wed, 05 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Linguistic profiling and shifting standards <p>Perceptions of non-native speech are often guided by listeners’ expectations of a speaker. These expectations are informed by pre-existing beliefs about how particular types of people sound. Perceived ethnicity can affect how listeners evaluate speech (Rubin 1992; D’Onofrio 2019); however, most of this work has been situated in Western contexts. The current study details an experiment that tests for the linguistic profiling (Baugh 2005) of the Uyghur population of China, a group that has been systematically oppressed for their ethnicity and religion. Using name-based ethnicity priming, participants thought they were hearing either a Korean, Uyghur or non-descript speaker of L2 Mandarin. Results showed that participants rated the speaker as significantly more confident, intelligent and hard-working in the Uyghur condition. However, participants were significantly less likely to hire the supposedly ‘Uyghur’ speaker. We propose that these results are evidence of shifting standards (Biernat 2012), whereby listener expectations are lowered by social stereotypes, leading to inflated subjective ratings of minority groups, without leading to positive outcomes.</p> Matthew Hunt, Sue Denim Copyright (c) 2022 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Wed, 05 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ‘Biodeutsch’ and ‘Ausländer’ – shifting notions of otherness in narratives of discrimination <p>Characterised by discourses about ethnic tension and integration in relation to Turkish Germans, the German media has created a negative public image of this very group, portraying them as ‘the Other’. Such a portrayal has detrimental effects on this group, exposing them to discrimination and racism, and ultimately impacting their social integration. Using a discourse–analytical approach, this paper examines narratives from focus groups to explore the discursive and pragmatic processes through which Turkish Germans construct their identities by Othering either ‘the Germans’ or ‘the Turks’, while embracing and/or rejecting membership in these larger groups. Findings reveal that the highly dynamic nature of otherness/othering is closely intertwined with issues of social integration. Findings further illustrate how mainstream discourses about Turkish Germans enter and manifest themselves in both public perception of the constructed ‘Other’ and self-perceptions of this stigmatised group, and provide empirical evidence about the (discursive) processes through which social integration takes place.</p> Yesim Kakalic Copyright (c) 2022 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Wed, 05 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Unveiling the rationale of soft hate speech in multimodal artefacts <p>This article sets out to outline a methodological framework that enables us to unravel the underlying reasoning of covert hatred (i.e. soft hate speech), through an examination of the ways in which this is realised and, moreover, argumentatively justified in multimodal artefacts of the mainstream press. It focuses on a controversial case study – the release of the Italian hostage Silvia Romano – and how it was covered on the front pages of two right-wing Italian newspapers. It draws on the premises of multimodal critical discourse studies (MCDS), proposing a micro-level cross-fertilisation of a social semiotic discourse–analytical perspective for the analysis of multimodal meaning(s), realised on newspaper front pages, with the Argumentum Model of Topics (AMT), which focuses on the analysis of argumentative inferences that stem from multimodal representational meaning(s).</p> Dimitris Serafis Copyright (c) 2022 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Wed, 05 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0000