Aphasia and explicit next speaker selection

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1558/jircd.20512

Keywords:

Aphasia, Conversation analysis, next speaker selection, Indonesian, Multimodality

Abstract

Introduction: Typical speakers use various explicit practices for selecting a next speaker in everyday conversations, but little is known about how explicit next speaker selection is accomplished by people with aphasia and their conversation partners, nor the effects of aphasia on this aspect of conversation.

Method: This study explores explicit next speaker selection in Indonesian multiparty conversations involving people with aphasia. A total of 150 minutes of conversation were analyzed using conversation analysis, focusing on a set of 208 questions.

Results: People with aphasia relied on gaze and tacit resources to select next speakers. They also failed to secure uptake of their questions despite successful selection. When they are selected as next speaker, people with aphasia also experienced difficulty participating effectively.

Discussion and conclusion: Selecting people with aphasia as next speakers can cause their linguistic competence to be topicalized and may result in their failing to develop a fitted response to the question. The findings of the present study offer some potential new directions for measuring conversations involving people with aphasia.

Author Biographies

Fakry Hamdani, Macquarie University

Fakry Hamdani is an interactional linguist and a senior lecturer of linguistics at UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung, Indonesia. He received his master’s degree and doctorate degree in linguistics from Macquarie University. His current research interests include conversation analysis in Indonesian and Sundanese, typical and atypical interactions, next speaker selection, and multimodality.

Scott Barnes, UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung

Scott Barnes is a speech pathologist and conversation analyst. His research focuses on communication in the course of everyday life, with a view to exploring the interface between the organization of interaction, language, cognition, and related impairments. Scott is especially interested in how interactional systems such as turn-taking and repair organization can provide fundamental insights into the nature of communication disability and inform speech pathology assessment and intervention strategies. Scott is currently director of the Master of Speech and Language Pathology course at Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia.

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Published

2022-09-09

How to Cite

Hamdani, F., & Barnes, S. (2022). Aphasia and explicit next speaker selection. Journal of Interactional Research in Communication Disorders, 14(1), 45–78. https://doi.org/10.1558/jircd.20512

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