Journal of Islamic Archaeology https://journal.equinoxpub.com/JIA <p>The Journal of Islamic Archaeology is the only journal today devoted to the field of Islamic archaeology on a global scale. The term refers to the archaeological study of Islamic societies, polities, and communities, wherever they are found. It may be considered a type of “historical” archaeology, in which the study of historically (textually) known societies can be studied through a combination of “texts and tell”.</p> en-US <p>© Equinox Publishing Ltd.</p> <p>For information regarding our Open Access policy, <a title="Open access policy." href="Full%20details of our conditions related to copyright can be found by clicking here.">click here</a>.</p> bwalker@uni-bonn.de (Bethany Walker) aparkin@equinoxpub.com (Ailsa Parkin) Tue, 10 Mar 2020 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 3.2.1.1 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 The Form and Abandonment of the City of Kuik-Mardan, Otrar Oasis, Kazakhstan in the Early Islamic Period https://journal.equinoxpub.com/JIA/article/view/17419 <p>A joint Kazakh-British archaeological initiative undertook a survey and excavation of the city of Kuik-Mardan, one of the largest of the seventy or so known settlements in the Otrar oasis on the Syr-Darya river, Kazakhstan. Several complimentary field techniques were employed including unmanned aerial vehicle photomapping and an extensive programme of radiometric dating. The radiocarbon dates obtained are the first for any city in the oasis and allow more confident interpretations of the experience of the city to be ventured. Also undertaken was a geoarchaeological investigation of the surrounding irrigation and water supply canal system. Key results include its wholesale destruction during the 6th to 7th century and the form of the later occupation of the city.</p> Giles Adam Dawkes, Willem Toonen, Mark Macklin, Gaygysyz Jorayev Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd. https://journal.equinoxpub.com/JIA/article/view/17419 Tue, 10 Mar 2020 00:00:00 +0000 From Arabia to Bil?d al-Sh?m: https://journal.equinoxpub.com/JIA/article/view/17420 <p>This article first examines the early history of Mu??wiya and his monumental architectural achievements in Arabia. He was from a wealthy land-owning elite Arabian family of traders from the Meccan Qurayshi tribe. As Companion and scribe of the Prophet he was well-positioned to achieve the goals of tribal unification, agricultural development, initiating a period of architectural construction and state-building. Second the article’s major focus is his monumental architectural construction in Greater Syria evidenced in the archaeological and re-evaluated textual evidence, which support his creation of statehood infrastructure for the Umayyads in Bil?d al-Sh?m. As governor of Syria and later as the first Sufy?nid Am?r al-mu?min?n or Commander of the Faithful in the D?r al-Islam, he controlled the development of an architecture and bureaucratic infrastructure of state throughout the region. After arrival with the armies of conquest in 634, he became provincial governor of Syria in 638/639 and continued the process of tribal unification and state-building at the behest of the Rashidun caliphs ?Umar and ?Uthman.&nbsp; As Am?r al-mu?min?n he continued tribal consolidation, settling disputes by moving populations within the D?r al-Islam. He also engaged in monumental architectural development throughout the realm including mosques, palaces and fortresses, invented the mi?r?b–the stone or space (later the niche) indicating the direction of prayer toward Mecca, and established what was later known as the rib?? system along the Mediterranean coast. Though there are meager documentary survivals of texts and inscriptions, there is now sufficient archaeological and recent secondary scholarly evidence particularly in a revision textual usage to claim that Mu??wiya created the Umayyad state and monuments reflecting statehood during his reign as Commander of the Faithful in Syria with multiple capitals in Damascus, al-J?biya, al-?innabra and Jerusalem.</p> Beatrice St. Laurent Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd. https://journal.equinoxpub.com/JIA/article/view/17420 Tue, 10 Mar 2020 00:00:00 +0000 New Research Perspectives on the Mamluk Q??a at Kerak Castle https://journal.equinoxpub.com/JIA/article/view/17421 <p>The Mamluk dynasty (1250–1517) succeeded the Ayyubids in Egypt and Syria. From 1260, and for 260 years, construction projects and different types of buildings were sponsored by sultans, emirs, and members of the elite in Cairo, Damascus and Jerusalem as well as in smaller towns and regions on the outskirts of the Mamluk sultanate. Although the existing architecture from the Mamluk period is generally well known in Egypt and Syria, this is not always the case in other countries. In present-day Jordan, which was divided administratively into two large mamlakats, there are many sumptuous examples of mamluk buildings that still have yet to be investigated with the necessary attention. The case study analysed here is the castrum/qal?at Kerak in the late 13th and the first half of 14th century, where an exceptional example of Mamluk palatine architecture is partially preserved. According to written historical sources, this reception hall (or q??a) called Q?’at al-Na???s can be attributed to al-N??ir Mu?ammad ibn Qal?w?n (1310–1341), one of the most distinguished figure of the Mamluk sultanate. This paper will undertake to clarify the construction process of Mamluk royal spaces in Kerak as evidence of the Mamluk dynasty’s power and stability, using the methods of “Light Archaeology” (building stratigraphy, in particular) already used by the Italian archaeological mission (University of Florence) at Petra and Shawbak (Medieval Petra project).</p> Lorenzo Fragai Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd. https://journal.equinoxpub.com/JIA/article/view/17421 Tue, 10 Mar 2020 00:00:00 +0000 A Preliminary Report on Polish–Lebanese Excavations at the St. George’s (Mar Girgis) Church in Rachkida (Northern Lebanon) https://journal.equinoxpub.com/JIA/article/view/17423 <p>The article discusses the results of limited fieldwork carried out in 2012 at the St. George’s (Mar Girgis) church near the village of Rachkida, about 9 km northeast of Batroun. The church, which was probably built by a local Christian community like other villages in the region, was founded on remains from the Byzantine period. As far as could be ascertained, the main body of the building is a three-aisled basilica extended to include a porch on the west side and an additional chapel with two apses at the east end. The church was used in the 12th and 13th centuries and may have kept its sacral function throughout the early Mamluk period, perhaps even later. Throughout its post-ecclesiastical history it functioned as a relatively well-preserved, freestanding roofed building. A large number of diverse finds from the Late Ottoman and French Mandate periods indicate frequent use as a shelter or even a place of temporary habitation. The medieval and post-medieval pottery from the site forms a small but nevertheless significant assemblage, offering unique insight into the local material culture of northern Lebanon. More importantly, it provides a preliminary analysis of several categories of pottery which, to date, have been absent or only cursorily mentioned in archaeological research from Lebanon.</p> Piotr Makowski Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd. https://journal.equinoxpub.com/JIA/article/view/17423 Tue, 10 Mar 2020 00:00:00 +0000 <i>Regional History and the Coin Finds from Assur From the Achaemenids to the Nineteenth Century</i>, by S. Heidemann and K. Butcher. 2017 https://journal.equinoxpub.com/JIA/article/view/17425 <p><em>Regional History and the Coin Finds from Assur From the Achaemenids to the Nineteenth Century</em>, by&nbsp;S. Heidemann and K. Butcher. Harrassowitz Verlag 2017. Wissenschaftliche Vero?ffentlichung&nbsp;der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft 148. 174pp., 2 diagrams, 15 ill., 2 maps, incl. 31 plates, 5 tables.&nbsp;Hardback 82.00 €. ISBN-13: 9783447107617.</p> Warren C. Schultz Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd. https://journal.equinoxpub.com/JIA/article/view/17425 Tue, 10 Mar 2020 00:00:00 +0000 <i>El Tolmo de Minateda en la Alta Edad Media. Cerámica y Contexto</i>, by Victoria Amorós Ruiz. 2018 https://journal.equinoxpub.com/JIA/article/view/17426 <p><em>El Tolmo de Minateda en la Alta Edad Media. Cerámica y Contexto,&nbsp;</em>by Victoria Amorós Ruiz. Publications&nbsp;de la Universitat d’Alacant, 2018. 418pp., 326 figures. Pb. 25.00 €. ISBN: 9788497176354.</p> Elena Salinas Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd. https://journal.equinoxpub.com/JIA/article/view/17426 Tue, 10 Mar 2020 00:00:00 +0000 <i>Essouk-Tadmekka: An Early Islamic Trans-Saharan Market Town</i>, by Sam Nixon. 2017 https://journal.equinoxpub.com/JIA/article/view/17427 <p><em>Essouk-Tadmekka: An Early Islamic Trans-Saharan Market Town</em>&nbsp;by Sam Nixon. Journal of AfricanArchaeology Monograph Series, volume 12. Brill 2017. Hb. €125.00/$144.00, ISBN-13:9789004346147. E-book: €125.00/$144.00, ISBN-13: 978-90-04-34899-8.&nbsp;</p> Thomas Soubira Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd. https://journal.equinoxpub.com/JIA/article/view/17427 Tue, 10 Mar 2020 00:00:00 +0000 <i>The History and Archaeology of Jaffa 2</i>, edited by Aaron A. Burke, Katherine Strange Burke and Martin Peilstöcker. 2017 https://journal.equinoxpub.com/JIA/article/view/17428 <p><em>The History and Archaeology of Jaffa 2,</em>&nbsp;edited by Aaron A. Burke, Katherine Strange Burke and Martin Peilstöcker. Monumenta Archaeologica 41. Cotsen Institute of Archaeology Press, 2017. 472pp., Hb $98.00, ISBN-13: 9781938770111.</p> Lauren K. Erker Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd. https://journal.equinoxpub.com/JIA/article/view/17428 Tue, 10 Mar 2020 00:00:00 +0000 <i>Sweet Waste: Medieval Sugar Production in the Mediterranean viewed from the 2002 Excavation at Tawahin es-Sukkar, Safi, Jordan</i>, by Richard Jones. 2017 https://journal.equinoxpub.com/JIA/article/view/17429 <p><em>Sweet Waste: Medieval Sugar Production in the Mediterranean viewed from the 2002 Excavation at Tawahin es-Sukkar, Safi, Jordan</em>, by Richard Jones. Potingair Press, 2017. 245pp. Pb. £45.00. ISBN-13: 9780956824035.</p> Bethany J. Walker Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd. https://journal.equinoxpub.com/JIA/article/view/17429 Tue, 10 Mar 2020 00:00:00 +0000