Brown, P. 1971. The World of Late Antiquity. From Marcus Aurelius to Muhammad. London: Thames & Hudson.

Esmonde Cleary, S. 2018. Review of Kyle Harper, The Fate of Rome: Ancient History Bulletin 8: 50–52. (accessed 23 July 2019).

Haldon, J. F., H. Elton, S. R. Huebner, A. Izdebski, L. Mordechai and T. P. Newfield. 2018. “Plagues, Climate Change, and the End of an Empire: A Response to Kyle Harper’s The Fate of Rome. Part 1 Climate; Part 2 Plagues and a Crisis of Empire; Part 3 Disease, Agency and Collapse”. History Compass (e12508; e12506; e12507).;;

Harper, K. 2011. Slavery in the Late Roman World, AD 275–425. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

—2013. From Shame to Sin: The Christian Transformation of Sexual Morality in Late Antiquity. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Marx, W., R. Haunschild and L. Bornmann. 2018. “Climate and the Decline and Fall of the Western Roman Empire: A Bibliometric View on an Interdisciplinary Approach to Answer a Most Classic Historical Question”. Climate 6(90): 1–34.

McCormick, M., U. Büntgen, M. A. Cane, E. R. Cook, K. Harper, P. Huybers, et al. 2012. “Climate Change During and After the Roman Empire: Reconstructing the Past from Scientific and Historical Evidence”. Journal of Interdisciplinary History 43(2): 169–220.

McNeill, W. H. 1976. Plagues and Peoples. Garden City, NY: Anchor Press/Doubleday.

Sessa, K. 2019. “The New Environmental Fall of Rome: A Methodological Consideration”. Journal of Late Antiquity 12(1): 211–55.