Straight Edge Punk and Implicit Religion
Keywords:implicit religion, punk, spirituality, Straight Edge
AbstractConsidering and engaging with spiritual identity and practices, particularly within today’s modern Western societies, often seen as having a religious/secular divide, has rightly been at the fore of much academic consideration of late. For there are a number of newly emerging forms of spirituality (both in terms of practice and of identity) that are in many ways sidestepping that paradigm and creating a new approach to religion, the secular, and spirituality. Research amongst Straight Edge punks has revealed a specifically “post-secular” approach to these concerns and ideas. This is a spiritual identity located firmly within a secular (one could even argue, profane) subculture. Their wilfully syncretic approach to spirituality is deliberately mingled with secular practices and ideas, as they refuse to acknowledge distinctions or borders. This article aims to explore and locate the implicit and explicit approaches to religion and spirituality, both as it is found and practiced within Straight Edge punk and within the wider theoretical concerns of sociology of religion.
Anderson, M. and M. Jenkins. 2003. Dance of Days. New York: Akashic Books.
Asad, T. 2003. Formations of the Secular. Berkeley, CA: Stanford University Press.
Bailey, E. 1998. Implicit Religion: An Introduction. London: Middlesex University Press.
Bailey, E. 2006. Implicit Religion in Contemporary Society. Leuven: Peeters.
Bibby, R. W. 2009. “Canada’s Data-less Debate about Religion.” Implicit Religion 12(3): 251–270.
Bicknell, J. 2009. Why Music Moves Us. Hampshire: Palgrave MacMillan. http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/9780230233836
Blade, A. 2005. The Secret Life of a Teenage Punk Rocker. London: Cherry Red Books.
Bloom, A. 1987. The Closing of the American Mind. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Blush, S. 2001. American Hardcore. Los Angeles: Feral house.
Borg, M. B. 2004. “Some Ideas on Wild Religion.” Implicit Religion 7(2): 108–119. http://dx.doi.org/10.1558/imre.126.96.36.199071
DeNora, T. 2000. Music in Everyday Life. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511489433
Doss, E. 1999. Elvis Culture: Fans, Faith & Imagery. Lawrence: University of Kansas Press.
Duffett, M. 2003. “False Faith or False Comparison?” Popular Music and Society Journal 26(4): 513–522. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0300776032000144959
Durkheim, E. 2001 (1912). The Elementary Forms of Religious Life. Translated by Carol Cosman. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Fitzgerald, T. 2004. The Ideology of Religious Studies. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Gelder, K. 2007. Subcultures. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.
Gentile, E. 2006. Politics as Religion. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Gray, J., C. Sandvoss and C. L. Harrington. 2007. Fandom: Identities and Communities in a Mediated World. New York: New York University Press.
Haenfler, R. 2006. Straight Edge. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
Harris, C. and A. Alexander. 1998. Theorizing Fandom: Fans, Subculture and Identity. New Jersey: Hampton Press.
Heelas, P. and L. Woodhead. 2005. The Spiritual Revolution. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.
James, W. 2002. The Varieties of Religious Experience. New York: The Modern Library.
Lahickey, B. 1997. All Ages. Huntington Beach: Revelation Records Publishing.
Laughey, D. 2006. Music and Youth Culture. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748623808.001.0001
Levine, N. 2003. Dharma Punx. San Francisco, CA: Harper Collins.
———. 2007. Against The Stream. San Francisco, CA: Harper Collins.
Levitan, D. 2006. This Is Your Brain on Music. London: Atlantic Books.
Lynch, G. 2002. After Religion. London: Darton, Longman & Todd.
———. 2005. Understanding Theology and Popular Culture. London: Blackwell.
———. 2007. The New Spirituality. London: I.B.Tauris & Co.
O’Hara, C. 1999. The Philosophy of Punk. San Francisco: AK Press.
Ostwalt, C. 2003. Secular Steeples. Harrisburg: Trinity Press International.
Parker, J. 1998. Turned On. London: Phoenix House.
Partridge, C. 2004. The Re-Enchantment of the West Vol. 1. London: T&T Clark.
———. 2010. DUB In Babylon. Sheffield: Equinox Publishers.
Peterson, B. 2009. Burning Fight. Huntington Beach: Revelation Records.
Reily, S. 2006. The Musical Human. Hampshire: Ashgate.
Robb, J. 2006. Punk Rock: An Oral History. London: Random House Group.
Rollins, H. 2004. Get in The Van. Los Angeles: 2.13.61 Publications Inc.
Savage, J. 1991. England’s Dreaming. London: Faber and Faber.
Spalek, B. and A. Imtoual. 2008. Religion, Spirituality and the Social Sciences. Bristol: Polity Press.
Taylor, C. 2007. A Secular Age. Cambridge, MA: Belknap, Harvard.
Weber, M. 1997 (reprint). Theory of Social and Economical Organization. New York: The Free Press.
Welbourn, F. B. 1960. Towards a Definition of Religion. Makerere Journal, No. 4.
Wood, R. 2006. Straightedge Youth. New York: Syracuse University Press http://blogs.ssrc.org/tif/2008/10/29/religion-is-not-a-standalone-category/ last accessed 28.12.11
www.krishnacore.blogspot.com, last accessed 28.12.11
www.techgnosis.com/hare.html, last accessed 28.12.11
www.punknews.org/article/34404, last accessed 28.12.11
www.angelfire.com/ny/haribol/krishnacore.html, last accessed 28.12.11
http://www.personaltransformation.com/Levine.html, last accessed 28.12.11
http://www.dharmapunx.com/sdates/default.asp, last accessed 28.12.11
Meditate and Destroy. DVD. Sarah Fisher (director). Blue Lotus Films 2009
You want it, you got it, Rancid, from the album Let the Dominoes Fall. 2009, Epitaph Records.
I ain’t thick, it’s a trick, Crass, Stations of the Crass, 1979, Crass Records.
In God We Trust, Inc. The Dead Kennedys. Alternative Tentacles
City Baby Attacked By Rats. G.B.H. Clay Records.
Fight Back EP. Discharge. Clay Records.
Stretch Arm Strong. A Revolution Transmission. 2001 Solid State Records.
Shai Hulud. Hearts Once Nourished. 1997 Revelation Records.
Throwdown. Drive Me Dead. 2000 Indecision Records.
Nailed to the X, Bold, from the album The Search: 1985 – 1989, 2005 re-issue, Revelation Records
True till Death, Chain of Strength, from the album The One Thing That Still Holds True, 2004 re-issue, Revelation Records.
About Face, No For An Answer, from the EP You Laugh, 1997, Revelation Records.
Don’t Lose Sight, Throwdown from the album Beyond Repair, 1999 Indecision Records.