The Subjective Secularization of Great Britain, 1991–2007

Authors

  • Donald Swenson Mount Royal University, Calgary

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1558/imre.v17i2.165

Keywords:

subjective secularization, secularization thesis, macro, meso and micro levels, British Household Panel Surveys

Abstract

Scholarly debates continue to abound on the theme and the theory of secularization and its counterpart, sacralization. This paper will present a succinct review of relevant sources that address this debate. The focus will be on what Berger terms “subjective secularization,” and evidence from a longitudinal study of British subjects surveyed from 1991 to 2007 will provide substantial support for a subjective secularization thesis.

References

Alexander, J. 1983. Theoretical Logic in Sociology. Volume Four. The Modern Reconstruction of Classical Thought: Talcott Parsons. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Berger, P. 1969. The Sacred Canopy. New York: Doubleday.

Bowker, J. 2000. “Secularization.” In The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. Oxford University Press, edited by J. Bowker, xx-xx. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press. http://www.oxfordreference.com. Accessed 13 September 2006.

Bruce, S. 2001. “The Social Process of Secularization.” In The Blackwell Companion to the Sociology of Religion, edited by R. Fenn, 249–263. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, 249–263.

———. 2006. “Secularization.” In The Blackwell Companion to the Study of Religion, edited by R. Segal, 413–429. Malden MA: Blackwell Publishing.

———. 2011. Secularization. In Defence of an Unfashionable Theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Demerath III, N. J. and R. Williams. 1992. “Secularization in a Community Context: Tensions of Religion and Politics in a New England City.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 31: 189–206. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1387008

Dobbelaere, K. 2009. “The Meaning and Scope of Secularization.” In The Oxford Handbook of the Sociology of Religion, edited by P. Clarke, 599–615. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Durkheim, E. 1933. [1893]. The Division of Labour in Society. New York: The Free Press.

Hadden, J. 1987. “Toward Desacralizing Secularization Theory.” Social Forces 65: 587–611. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/sf/65.3.587

Luhmann, N. 1977. Funktion der Religion. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp.

———. 1982. The Differentiation of Society. New York: Columbia University Press.

Kaelber, L. 2005. “Rational Capitalism, Traditionalism, and Adventure Capitalism: New Research on the Weber Thesis.” In The Protestant Ethic Turns 100: Essays on the Centenary of the Weber Thesis, edited by W. Swatos and L. Kaelbar, 139–163. Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers.

MacCulloch, D. 2009. Christianity: The First Three Thousand Years. New York: Viking of the Penguin Group.

Marshall, D. 1992. Secularizing the Faith. Canadian Protestant Clergy and the Crisis of Belief, 1850–1940. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Mills, C.W. 1959. The Sociological Imagination. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Parsons, T. 1966. Societies: Evolutionary and Comparative Perspectives. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Parsons, T. and R. F. Bales. 1955. Family, Socialization, and Interaction Processes. Glencoe, IL: The Free Press.

Stata 11. 2009. Stata. College Station, TX: Stata Corporation.

Swenson, D. 2009. Society, Spirituality and the Sacred: A Social Scientific Introduction. Second edition. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Weber, M. 1894/1978. Economy and Society. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Wilson, B. 1982. Religion in Sociological Perspective. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

———. 2001. “Salvation, Secularization and De-moralization.” In The Blackwell Companion to the Sociology of Religion, edited by R. Fenn, 39–51. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.

Downloads

Published

2014-08-12

How to Cite

Swenson, D. (2014). The Subjective Secularization of Great Britain, 1991–2007. Implicit Religion, 17(2), 165–182. https://doi.org/10.1558/imre.v17i2.165

Section

Articles