Religion as the Transmission of An Authoritative Tradition

The Significance of Timothy Fitzgerald’s Critique of Religious Studies for a Socially Embedded Definition of Religion

Authors

  • James L. Cox University of Edinburgh and Western Sydney University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1558/imre.40991

Keywords:

working definition, authority, tradition, transmission, non-theological, identifiable communities, ownership of knowledge

Abstract

Timothy Fitzgerald’s critique of the category “religion” was based on two main objections: the study of religion as a distinct discipline has grown out of the historical collusion with colonial interests that has culminated in the modern division between religion and the secular; by associating the term “religion” with sacred entities, theological assumptions have been smuggled into so-called scientific studies of religion. In this paper, I offer my own non-theological, sociocultural working definition of religion in an effort to separate “the sacred” from “religion.” I argue that religion consists of identifiable communities that adhere to traditions that are transmitted from generation to generation with an overwhelming authority. I conclude that Fitzgerald’s critique of religion does not require scholars to abandon the category, but to re-think how they use the academic findings they have extracted from their research subjects. To advance beyond Fitzgerald’s argument, I contend that academics need to work collaboratively with the religious communities they are researching by acknowledging them as the legitimate owners of the knowledge that is embedded in their authoritative traditions.

Author Biography

James L. Cox, University of Edinburgh and Western Sydney University

James L. Cox is Emeritus Professor of Religious Studies, University of Edinburgh,and Adjunct Professor in the Religion and Society Research Cluster, Western Sydney University. He has particular interests in the study of Indigenous Religions, with emphases on Africa, the Arctic and Australia and in methodologies in the academic study of religions.

References

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Published

2020-08-04

How to Cite

Cox, J. L. (2020). Religion as the Transmission of An Authoritative Tradition: The Significance of Timothy Fitzgerald’s Critique of Religious Studies for a Socially Embedded Definition of Religion. Implicit Religion, 22(3-4), 331–348. https://doi.org/10.1558/imre.40991