How Our Paradigms Limit Our Measures


  • Jacqui Frost University of Minnesota



secularisim, world religions paradigm


Response to:   Podcast with Donovan Schaefer, 28 November 2016
Interviewed by Christopher R. Cotter
Transcribed by Catrin J. Sawford
Audio and transcript available at:


Asad, T. 2003. Formations of the Secular: Christianity, Islam, Modernity. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.

Audi, T. 2015. “Religious ‘Nones’ Multiply in Both U.S. Political Parties.” The Wall Street Journal. 3 November.

Baker, J.O. and B.G. Smith. 2015. American Secularism: Cultural Contours of Nonreligious Belief Systems. New York: New York University Press.

Chaves, M. 2010. “SSSR Presidential Address: Rain Dances in the Dry Season: Overcoming the Religious Congruence Fallacy.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 49(1): 1–14.

Cotter, C.R. 2015. “Without God Yet Not Without Nuance: A Qualitative Study of Atheism and Non-religion Among Scottish University Students.” In Atheist Identities – Spaces and Social Contexts, edited by Lori Beaman and Steven Tomlins, 171–196. Dordrecht: Springer.

Cotter, C.R. and D.G. Robertson, eds. 2016. After World Religions: Reconstructing Religious Studies. Abingdon: Routledge.

Edgell, P., D. Hartmann, E. Stewart, and J. Gerteis. 2016. “Atheists and Other Cultural Outsiders: Moral Boundaries and the Non-religious in the United States.” Social Forces 95(2): 607–638.

Frost, J. and P. Edgell. 2018. “Rescuing Nones From the Reference Category: Civic Engagement Among the Nonreligious in America.” Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly 47(2): 417–438.

Frost, J. and P. Edgell. 2017. “Distinctiveness Reconsidered: Religiosity, Structural Location, and Understandings of Racial Inequality. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 56(2): 277–301.

Lee, L. 2015. Recognizing the Nonreligious: Reimagining the Secular. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Lim, C., Carol Ann MacGregor, and Robert Putnam. 2010. “Secular and Liminal: Discovering Heterogeneity Among Religious Nones.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 49(4): 596–618.

Lipka, M. 2015. “Religious ‘Nones’ Are Not Only Growing, They’re Becoming More Secular.” Pew Research Center. 11 November.

Taves, A, E. Asprem, and E. Ihm. 2018. “Psychology, Meaning Making, and the Study of Worldviews: Beyond Religion and Non-Religion.” Psychology of Religion and Spirituality 10(3): 207–217.



How to Cite

Frost, J. (2019). How Our Paradigms Limit Our Measures. Implicit Religion, 22(1), 66–71.



The Religious Studies Project Podcast Transcription