The classification of different phonation types in emotional and neutral speech

Authors

  • Gudrun Klasmeyer GUDRUN KLASMEYER was born in 1966 in Solingen, Germany. She studied electrical engineering at the University of Wuppertal and graduated in 1991, after which she studied media art at the KHM in Cologne. Since 1994 she has been a researcher at the Institute
  • Walter F. Sendlmeier Technical University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1558/ijsll.v4i1.104

Keywords:

voice quality, emotion, phonation, paralinguistic aspects.

Abstract

A general approach is proposed towards the objective measurement of different phonation types in fluent speech. Signal characteristics of the transglottal airflow are discussed with regard to the question of how voice quality and type of phonation can be measured in the acoustic speech signal. In natural communication situations voice quality is often a combination of different types of phonation. This is one reason why several acoustic parameters are required for an adequate description of voice quality. The following experiment focuses on emotion-specific changes in acoustic correlates of voice quality. Emotional arousal can influence the speaker's voice quality or type of phonation and listeners use this knowledge to attribute affective states to the speaker. The forensic relevance of the investigation can be seen in speaker identification tasks. From the experiment the conclusion cannot be drawn that voice quality must change under emotional arousal. Hence the analysis of acoustic speech signals cannot serve as a reliable method of measuring the speaker's affective state.

Author Biographies

Gudrun Klasmeyer, GUDRUN KLASMEYER was born in 1966 in Solingen, Germany. She studied electrical engineering at the University of Wuppertal and graduated in 1991, after which she studied media art at the KHM in Cologne. Since 1994 she has been a researcher at the Institute

Technical University

Walter F. Sendlmeier, Technical University

WALTER F. SENDLMEIER (born in 1995 in Bavaria) studied phonetics, linguistics, psychology and communication research at the universities of Bonn and Cologne. In 1981 he received his MA and in 1985 his PhD at the University of Bonn, where he was a staff member at the Institute of Communication Research and Phonetics. From 1986 to 1988 he worked at the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics in Nijmegen, The Netherlands as a Post Doe. In 1989 he returned to the Phonetics Institute at the University of Bonn, where he qualified as a professor in 1991. In 1993 he was appointed full professor at the Technical University Berlin for speech communication.

Published

1997-07-01

How to Cite

Klasmeyer, G., & Sendlmeier, W. F. (1997). The classification of different phonation types in emotional and neutral speech. International Journal of Speech, Language and the Law, 4(1), 104–124. https://doi.org/10.1558/ijsll.v4i1.104

Issue

Section

Articles