Fieldwork on G. I. Gurdjieff and the “Work”


  • Carole M. Cusack University of Sydney



George Ivanovitch Gurdjieff, esotericism, the Fourth Way


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Author Biography

Carole M. Cusack, University of Sydney

Carole M. Cusack is Professor of Religious Studies at the University of Sydney. She trained as a medievalist and her doctorate was published as Conversion Among the Germanic Peoples (Cassell, 1998). Since the late 1990s she has taught in contemporary religious trends, publishing on pilgrimage and tourism, modern Pagan religions, new religious movements, and religion and popular culture. She is the author of Invented Religions: Imagination, Fiction and Faith (Ashgate, 2010), The Sacred Tree: Ancient and Medieval Manifestations (Cambridge Scholars, 2011) and Anime, Religion and Spirituality: Profane and Sacred Worlds in Contemporary Japan (with Katharine Buljan, Equinox 2015). She is editor of Literature & Aesthetics (the journal of the Sydney Society of Literature and Aesthetics).


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----- 2015 The Practice of Contemplation in the Work of Gurdjieff. International Journal for the Study of Religion 6(2): 137–56.

----- forthcoming 2017 “The Readiness Is All”: Gurdjieff’s Art of the “Preparation”. Religion and the Arts 21.

Bennett, John Godolphin 1973 Gurdjieff: Making a New World. Harper & Row, New York.

Gurdjieff, George Ivanovitch 1985 [1963] Meetings with Remarkable Men. Penguin Arkana, London and New York.

Hunt, Harry T. 2003 Lives in Spirit: Precursors and Dilemmas of a Secular Western Mysticism. State University of New York Press, Albany, NY.

Moore, James 1991 Gurdjieff: The Anatomy of a Myth. A Biography. Element, Shaftesbury and Rockport, MA.

Ouspensky, Pyotr Demianovich 2001 [1949] In Search of the Miraculous: Fragments of an Unknown Teaching. Harcourt, Inc., San Diego, New York and London.

Petsche, Johanna J. M. 2011 Gurdjieff and Blavatsky: Western Esoteric Teachers in Parallel. Literature & Aesthetics 21(1): 98–115.

----- 2015 Gurdjieff and Music: The Gurdjieff/de Hartmann Piano Music and its Esoteric Significance. Brill, Leiden.

Ripman, Hugh Brockwill 2009 Questions and Answers Along the Way. Forthway Center, Washington, DC.

de Salzmann, Jeanne 2010 The Reality of Being: The Fourth Way of Gurdjieff. Shambhala, Boston and London.

Sutcliffe, Steven J. 2014 Hard Work: Locating Gurdjieff in the Study of Religion/s. Journal for the Academic Study of Religion 27(3): 262–84.

Taylor, Paul Beekman 2008 G. I. Gurdjieff: A New Life. Eureka Editions, Utrecht.

Urban, Hugh B. 1998 The Torment of Secrecy: Ethical and Epistemological Problems in the Study of Esoteric Traditions. History of Religions 37(3): 209–248. 463503

Webb, James 1980 The Harmonious Circle: The Lives and Work of G. I. Gurdjieff, P. D. Ouspensky and Their Followers. Thames & Hudson, London.

Wellbeloved, Sophia 2005 Gurdjieff, “Old” or “New Age”: Aristotle or Astrology? Journal of Alternative Spiritualities and New Age Studies 1(1): 75–87.




How to Cite

Cusack, C. (2016). Fieldwork on G. I. Gurdjieff and the “Work”. Fieldwork in Religion, 11(1), 5–9.

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